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Irish Immigration to canada
Transcript of Irish Immigration to canada
Across the country there are many houses, commercial buildings, churches, canals and bridges that were built by the Irish
How Did They Influence Canada?
Jobs were hard to find for the Irish
Employers often advertised their unwillingness to take on the Irish by hanging out "No Irish Need Apply" signs
Irish women did find work as domestics and Irish men became servants or took unskilled jobs in construction
One of the most popular magazines at the time, "Harper's weekly" ran cartoons on how the irish worked
this showed how unwelcome the Irish were
What Jobs Did They Find?
Over 1.2 million Irish immigrants arrived to Canada between the time period of 1825 - 1937
at least half of those arrived between 1831 - 1850
by 1867, the Irish were the second largest ethnic group (after the French)
comprised of 24% of Canada's population
How many immigrated?
going to Canada - The irish didn't have enough money to pay the fee for the ship
some landlords had to pay their tickets so they would be able to leave
the irish came in steerage
The ships were over crowded and thousands died from disease and sicknesses
many boats lost the bulk of their passengers/crew and many more died in quarantine once they got there
Jobs was another problem - jobs were difficult to find and many employers were unwilling to employ the Irish
Problems facing the Irish
The great Irish Famine (1846-1852) was a disaster to the Irish
The potato crop fell and people starved
Families couldn't feed themselves, hundreds of thousands died and orphans walked around motherless
25% of Ireland's population died during this time
Since the potato crop failed, many couldn't pay the rent and landlords kicked them out
over one million Irish died of disease and starvation
The irish had no other choice but to immigrate
Leaving there Homeland
Irish Immigration to Canada
where did they settle?
They mostly settled in upper Canada (ontario)
The Maritime colonies of Halifax, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Prince Edward Island
St. Johns was also a very popular destination
Many settled in more rural areas - not in the cities though there were many more expectations there
Famous Irish and there contribution to Canadian Society
Irish well known for their contribution to canadian society include:
Thomas D'Arcy McGee
Was an Irish Montreal journalist
He became the father of confederation in 1867 and was a passionate advocate of confederation
He fought for the development of Irish and canadians national identities
he was also an instrumental in enshrining educational rights for the minority of Catholics in the canadian Constitution
was a lawyer, politician, premiere of Ontario, a liberal and was recruited into active politics in 1867 by George Brown
he became the leader of Ontario liberal party in 1868 and in 1871 became the second premiere of Ontario
he was also Minister without portfolio (1873-74), minister of justice (1875-77) and president of the Privy Council (1877-78)
In 1892 he entered the British House of Commons as an Irish Nationalist MP.
By: Iman Mohamadi, 1-3