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Transcript of Galileo Spacecraft
The mission of Galileo was to explore Jupiter and it's moons. It also did flybys of Earth and Venus.The spacecraft finally arrived at Jupiter in 1995 which consisted of both a probe and an orbiter.
The orbiter was the prime mission of the Galileo. It traveled many orbits around Jupiter, each lasting 2 months.The different distances gave samples of the magnetosphere and close-up views of Jupiter's moons.
Contributor, Elizabeth Howell SPACE.com. "Spacecraft Galileo: To Jupiter and Its Moons | Space.com." N.p., n.d. Web. 15 May 2015.
The Probe was dropped onto Jupiter by a parachute. It then collected 58 minutes of the weather on the planet. It was observed that there were few clouds, lightening in the distance, and winds up to 450 mph. The probe eventually was melted and vaporized by the hot atmosphere.
The Galileo Spacecraft was launched October 18, 1889 from the Kennedy Space Center in Florida.
"Galileo Legacy Site." Solar System Exploration. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 May 2015.
The Extended Mission
Galileo was in such good shape it was able to do an extended mission where it explored two of Jupiter's moons extensively, Europa and Lo and it also focused on Jupiter's thunderstorms. It was able to experience the volcanoes of Lo and support "the theory that an ocean of water currently exists below the surface" of Europa (Space).
In 2003 the spacecraft, at such an old age, began to run out of fuel while also experiencing issues from radiation and other mechanical problems. NASA made the decision to crash the spacecraft into Jupiter instead of leaving it in orbit. If left in orbit, it could have ran into, and disrupted possible life on, Europa. "Galileo broke up in Jupiter's atmosphere on Sept. 21, 2003" (Space).
(Jupiter Water Cloud Storm)
"Missions- Galileo." NASA. Brian Dunbar, n.d. Web. 15 May 2015.