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Vietnam War Prezi
Transcript of Vietnam War Prezi
At the end of WWII, Vietnam was still a part of the French colony of Indochina
Once the war ended, Vietnamese nationalists-led by Ho Chi Minh-declared independence
Started Indochina War between France and Vietnamese Nationalists
Lasted 8 years
In 1954, French are defeated
Vietnam = divided in HALF
-Communist North - backed by China and U.S.S.R.
-Anti-Communist South - backed by United States
Conflict in Vietnam
The next major Cold War conflict occurred in Vietnam
Vietnam is a country just south of China
Soon became a struggle between communist and non-communist forces
The Vietnam War
Within a few years, communist-led rebels, known as the Viet-Cong rise up against the southern government
The Vietnam War was about to begin
The United States entered the Vietnam War in stages.
1st - The U.S. provided South Vietnam with military aid and assistance
-Specifically, military advisers
Assisted in combat
-By late 1963, 17,000 U.S. advisers were on the ground in Vietnam
U.S. Involvement [Johnson...]
In 1964, after reports of an attack on a U.S. ship off the coast of North Vietnam [Gulf of Tonkin Incident]
President Lyndon B. Johnson calls for an escalation of involvement
Argued the U.S. had a duty to defend South Vietnam from aggression
"If we are driven from the field in Vietnam...then no nation can ever have the same confidence in...American protection." --LBJ
Became known as:
The Domino Theory: The belief that if Vietnam fell to the communists, the rest of Asia would fall like a row of dominoes.
Modern World History
The Cold War
Operation Rolling Thunder
United States carried out a gradual and sustained aerial bombardment campaign against targets in North Vietnam from 1965-1968
Boost sagging morale of troops in South Vietnam
Convince North Vietnam to stop supporting communist rebels
Destroy North Vietnamese transportation systems
Stop sending men and supplies into South Vietnam
Soon after, sent their first combat troops into Vietnam
Over the next two years, U.S. forces increased rapidly
-By 1969 more than 1/2 million American soldiers in Vietnam
Warfare in Vietnam
A jungle war
Fought in mud, tropical rains, blazing heat.
Encountered snakes, leaches, mosquitoes, etc.
Booby traps everywhere
Disease such as: dysentery, fevers, snake bites, "jungle rot" on various parts of the body, especially the feet were extremely common
Snipers were hard to spot in the jungle and difficult to destroy
Vietcong learned to track the Americans
-Because of what the American rations were made out of, they could trace their bowel movements in the jungle
-Americans began to change their diet to rice, fish, etc.
-One would never think of such a thing.
Many of the Vietcong lived underground in tunnels that went for miles.
-American soldiers would try to smoke them out
-Extremely dangerous practice.
The Vietcong hid behind innocent villagers
-Americans had no choice but to kill innocent women, children and the elderly.
What is it?
The spraying of herbicides and defoliants, containing a toxic substnace known as dioxin, from the jets fuel.
The U.S. military used this method during the Vietnam War
Used on forest and rural area to ride the Viet Cong of the cover that was hiding them
Used as a method to push the Viet Cong towards the cities, which were controlled predominantly by the U.S.
Rid the Viet Cong of their rural support base and food supply by poisoning the area in which they resided
Althought Agent Orange was only used between 1962 and 1971, the effect of this toxic substance are still evident in Vietnam till this day.
Vietnam War continues...
U.S. dedicates vast military resources to the war effort
Yet, despite its superior firepower and superpower status...the U.S. COULD NOT ACHEIVE VICTORY!
Viet Cont were committed to fight to their last resources
-Similar to Japan in WWII
-Nothing to lose, everything to gain
U.S. gov't faced massive opposition at home and abroad
By 1970's U.S. begins to pull its troops out and shift responsibility to South Vietnam army
Military Strategies and Technology
The United States used high technology such as helicopters, bombs, motion sensors, tanks, and artillery.
Napalm was one of the strategic weapons they used.
-A jellied gasoline that sticks on like adhesive.
-Burns the object it is stuck upon.
-Many Vietnamese residents have received third degree burns from Napalm, which kills the nerves of the skin.
Most controversial aspect of U.S. military effort in Asia = use of chemical defoliants [1962-1971]
-Used to defoliate large parts of the land.
-These chemicals continue to change the landscape, cause diseases and birth defects, and posion the food chain.
'Rainbow Herbicides': Agent Pink, Green, Purple, Blue, White, and most famously Agent Orange
What was it?
A process to remove U.S. troops from Vietnam while handing back the fighting to the South Vietnamese
To bring a faster end to hostilities, President Nixon also expanded the war into other countries, such as Laos and Cambodia
-Resulted in widespread protest and discontent in America
Whose idea was this?
President Richard Nixon
The withdrawal of U.S. troops began in July 1969.
On January 27, 1973, the peace talks in Paris finally succeeded in producing a cease-fire agreement.
The last U.S. troops left Vietnam on March 29, 1973, knowing they were leaving a weak South Vietnam who would not be able to withstand another major communist North Vietnam attack.
In early 1975, North Vietnam made another big push south which toppled the South Vietnamese government.
South Vietnam officially surrendered to communist North Vietnam on April 30, 1975.
On July 2, 1976, Vietnam was reunited as a communist country, the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
Today, similar to China, Vietnam has largely shifted away from the economic system of communism; however, it the political power structures remain in place.