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music: principles and elements

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Allison Woodside

on 14 April 2014

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Transcript of music: principles and elements

Principles & Elements
MUSIC
how is the interpretation of music different than the interpretation of other types of art?
Elements
DURATION: length of notes

INTENSITY: loudness/softness

PITCH: difference between a note and a noise, vibrations per second that create high/low sounds
(almost impossible for humans)

TIMBRE/tone color: specific sound
SYNCOPATION: when accented note comes in an unexpected place
TEXTURE
homophonic: one main melody with other chords
FORM: organization of musical elements in time
give shape and structure
brass
Principles
COMPOSITION: process
FORM: organization
GENRE: type
HARMONY: two pitches at same time, creates chords
RHYTHM: grouping sounds by duration/intensity ... flow of music
TEXTURE: mood
METER: beats in regular groups/repeated pattern
strong/weak- measure (group with fixed number)
TEMPO: speed of beat... creates emotion
RANGE: distance between lowest and highest notes... wide/narrow
legato & staccato: smooth and connected vs. short and detached
SEQUENCE: repetition of melodic pattern on certain pitch, gives direction
THEME: kind of melody
monophonic: one main melody without other chords/accompaniment
REPETITION: creates unity, "binds" the music together (how melody is ENGRAVED)
CONTRAST: gives variety, creates forward motion, conflict and and change of mood/opposition
VARIATION: changes...
instruments
string
woodwind
what is the difference between sound and music?
is music entirely built on art?
art AND science
Vocab
SOUND: organization of vibrations in time
OCTAVE: separation of tones... piano 7, humans 1 or 2
BEAT: regular pulse that divides music into equal units
crescendo/decrescendo: increase/decrease
ACCENT: emphasis
DIRECTION: shape and continuity, up and down conveys tension and release/expectation and arrival
MELODY: series of tones that add up to a whole
PHRASES: shorter parts of melodies
CADENCE: resting place (at end of phrase)
HARMONY: adds support, depth and richness
consonance/dissonance: stable/unstable
KEYNOTE: principle note
MODULATION: shifting from one key to another
polyphonic: having many sounds (jazz)
some elements are constant while others change
three-part (ternary): ABA, statement/contrast/return
most popular now
two-part (binary): AB, composition divided in two large sections, statement/counterstatement
percussion:
definite pitch- timpani (kettledrums), xylophone (wood), chimes

indefinite pitch- snare drum, bass drum, tambourine, triangle, cymbal, gong
"musical works are constructed by the procedures that have endangered it and the procedures to which it gives rise"

acts of interpretation and perception
semiology: unites concept and sound image (ferdinand de saussure)... the psychological imprint of the sound, the impression it makes on our senses
THE END
ie: twinkle twinkle little star
cello and bassoon
piccolo
flute
clarinet
bass clarinet
oboe
english horn
basson
contrabasson
violin
cello
double bass
trumpet
cornet
french horn
baritone
trombone
tuba
Full transcript