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Igbo Pre & Post Colonization: Religion

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Hannah Hutchinson

on 2 December 2014

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Transcript of Igbo Pre & Post Colonization: Religion

Igbo Religion:
Before & After Colonization

Change Occurs:
Before Colonization:
Igbo believe in many Gods and spirits, and they share the belief that there is one creater, Chukwu, "whose name stems from the words Chi (personal God) and Ukwu (great)" (igboguide.org)
Another belief shared is that the ancestors protect their living descendants and influence certain things such as the amount of rain received, the growth of their crops, and their personal health.
Shrines, or sacred and holy places, are built in honor of the earth spirit, and contain wooden figurines which represent ancestors and patrons
(igbo shrine: studyblue.com)
"Beginning in the 1840's, missionaries came to Nigeria and brought with them the religion of Christianity" (Westernization of Igbo culture)
Missionaries imposed their religious beliefs, and considered some of the aspects of the Igbo's religion to be rather violent and gruesome, and they used these negative aspects as an excuse not to adknowledge the positive, peaceful Igbo ideas
Things fall apart:
" At the most one could say that his chi or personal god was good. But the Ibo people have a proverb that when a man says yes his chi says yes also. " (Achebe 27)
Achebe, China. "Things Fall Apart" New York: Anchor Books. 1994. Print. 14
Things Fall Apart is a story about a respected tribe leader of the Igbo
people named Okonkwo, who lives his life in fear of becoming like his
lazy, cowardly father. Okonkwo is very ambitious and this leads to
him being very wealthy and having three wives. Okonkwo adopts
a child from another village, and begins to love and treat the child
as his own. The tribe decides that the boy needs to be murdered,
and Okonkwo, although feeling guilt and shame later on, assists in the
murder. Later on in the book, Okonkwos life is changed due to an
accidental murder, where he shoots and kills a boy, and for
punishment he must go to his mothers homeland. Eventually, when
Christianity begins to take over and the Igbo people are at war, and
Okonkwo is considered one of the biggest advocates. Okonkwo is
distraught when he realized his clan will not actually go to war with the white men, he hangs himself.
(chi - pintrest.com)
Crusade Watch, Religious Conversion Watch,
Westernization of Igbo Culture. http:// www.igboguide.org/ N.p.n.d. Web. 17 November

This website offers solid information and details describing how the Igbo religion became scarce when the white men took over, and how Igbo's
religious ideas were considered gruesome and inhumane. It describes that by the Igbo's taking in Western ideas and concepts, and Christianity
that they let go of their Igbo religious ideas for the most part.
"Insights in Igbo Culture and Language"
N.p.n.d. Web. 16 November 2014.
This website offered lots of different information on the Igbo tribe, their beliefs, customs, ways of life and described with lots of details and accuracy. They described early Igbo life and post colonization, making it easy to put this information in a prezi or an organized presentation. There are pictures, video clips and stories to make it interesting.
Ana- Earth Goddess
Anyanwu - Sun Goddess

After colonization:

Today, more than half of the population practice Christian beliefs
Some people continue to practice traditional ideas and worship the Gods
Worship in churches and do celebratory dances and songs to praise God
"The interpreter spoke to the white man and he immediately gave his answer. “All the gods you have named are not gods at all. They are gods of deceit who tell you to kill your fellows and destroy innocent children. There is only one true God and He has the earth, the sky, you and me and all of us." (Achebe 146)
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