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Scarlet Sevits

on 19 December 2014

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Transcript of Michelangelo

Works Cited
All three of these pieces are taken from Michelangelo's work on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel. These pieces demonstrate the artistic principle of movement.
When Michelangelo was born, his mother was to frail to nurse him, so he was raised for a time with a wet nurse in a family of stone cutters (Michelangelo.com). There, he was introduced to the art of chiseling and may have developed an interest in sculpture (Michelangelo.com).
Cultural Impact
Michelangelo revolutionized art through his sculpture, painting, and architecture. He was one of the most influential artists of the Renaissance period. He was a great inspiration for the Mannerism movement, in which artists employed the use of dramatic poses, extreme perspective, and muscular figures that appeared incredibly lifelike (The J. Paul Getty Museum). He influenced countless artists through the centuries, including the famous Raphael (Michelangelo Gallery). Italian artist Andrea del Sarto was greatly influenced by Michelangelo's work human anatomy and muscular representation (The J. Paul Getty Museum). His artwork, such as The Creation of Adam, inspired other artists, such as Peter Paul Rubens, to copy the pieces and create their own in his style (Michelangelo Gallery). Rubens'
The Raising of the Cross,
greatly resemble Michelangelo's signature style (Michelangelo Gallery). He is still considered a genius and one of the greatest artists of all time, and his artwork is to this day displayed in popular culture and considered masterpieces.
Michelangelo Buonarroti lived from 1475 to 1564. Over the course of his life, he countless masterpieces in sculpture, painting, and architecture. He single-handedly painted the over three hundred biblical figures that adorn the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel. He is known for his beautiful sculptures, such as the
, and his complex paintings such as
The Last Judgement
. Michelangelo was influential in sparking the Mannerism movement and inspiring numerous other great artists. Today he is considered a true Renaissance man and master of the arts.
Life as an Artist
In 1496, Michelangelo's artificially aged sculpture of Cupid first earned him the attention of Cardinal Riario of San Giorgio (Biography.com). The Cardinal bought the statue, but demanded compensation when he discovered that it was fake (Biography.com). In the end, he was so impressed with Michelangelo's work that he let him keep the money and invited him to work in Rome (Biography.com).
Born March 6, 1475
Died February 18, 1564
Michelangelo was born at Caprese in Tuscany to Leonardo di Buonarrota Simoni and Francesca Neri.
Michelangelo's family worked in a moderate banking business (Biography.com). His father served briefly as a magistrate of Caprese and as a minor Florentine official (Michelangelo.com). His mother died when he was six years old (Michelangelo.com).
Childhood History
At thirteen, he was apprenticed to Florentine painter Domenico Ghirlandaio (Biography.com). He studied fresco in Ghirlandaio's workshop for a year, until his master recommended that he move into the palace of Florentine Lorenzo the Magnificent of the Medici family (Biography.com). There, he studied classical sculpture in the Medici gardens.
Michaelangelo's house in Caprese.
During this period, he studied under reknowned sculptor Bertoldo di Giovanni and received permission from the Catholic Church to study cadavers for insight on the human anatomy, both of which helped him develop his distinctive realistic style (Biography.com).
Michaelangelo sculpted "Madonna Seated on a Step" when he was just sixteen years old.
Master of the Arts
Michelangelo's "Pieta."
Michelangelo worked in Rome for most of his life. He established a reputation for himself as a successful artist, but not without a cost. Michelangelo suffered from many infirmities caused by his studies with cadavers and rigorous work (Biography.com). Michelangelo was prone to periods of depression (Biography.com). Throughout his career, Michelangelo struggled with criticism, loneliness, and physical strain brought on by his work.
Michelangelo is known for many legendary masterpieces today; most famously his statues
and his Genesis scenes and
The Last Judgement
paintings in the Sistine Chapel.
He received many commissions throughout his career, including: the
for Cardinal Jean Bilheres de Lagraulas,
for the City of Florence, the papal tomb and ceiling of the Sistine Chapel for Pope Julius II, the Medici Tombs for the New Sacristy of San Lorenzo, and
The Last Judgement
for Pope Clement VII (Biography.com and Michelangelo.com).
The Last Judgement
stirred up scandal and violent criticism of the artist's work.
Michelangelo's image of the hero David killing Goliath is another part of the collection of biblical stories he painted on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel. It was painted in 1509 (Michelangelo: The Complete Works).
Another of Michelangelo's frescoes of the biblical Creation is his image of God Dividing Light from Darkness. It was painted in 1509 (Michelangelo: The Complete Works).
Probably Michelangelo's most recognizable piece is his fresco of the biblical Creation of Adam. It portrays Adam and his creator, God. It was painted circa 1512 (Michelangelo: The Complete Works).
shows the path the viewer's eye follows through the artwork
Michelangelo uses the principle of movement in his piece "The Creation of Adam." (circa 1512) The type of movement he used is implied, because none of the elements in the piece are actually moving. The extension of both Adam and God's arms create a path across the piece that your eye automatically follows. This implied movement enhances the relationship between Adam and his creator, almost giving them a physical connection.
When he was a student, Michelangelo became friends with Francesco Granacci. He was studying art and painting with Ghirlandaio and encouraged Michelagelo to go against his father's wishes for him to become a merchant or businessman follow his own artistic dreams (Biography.com).
Michelangelo's studies of the human anatomy in the Garden of San Marco and of classical sculpture in Rome greatly influence his distinctively realistic style and attention to anatomical correctness (Michelangelo.com).

Bonner, Neil R.
Michelangelo Buonarroti Website
. Michelangelo.COM,
Inc., 14 Dec. 2001. Web. 12 Dec. 2014. <http://michelangelo.com/buonarroti.html>.

"Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni."
. A&E Television
Networks, 2014. Web. 12 Dec. 2014. < http://www.biography.com/people/michelangelo-9407628>.

"Michelangelo Buonarroit Biography."
Michelangelo: The Complete
. www.michelangelo-gallery.org, 2002-2014. Web. 12 Dec. 2014. <http://www.michelangelo-gallery.org/biography.html>.

"Michelangelo born."
The History Channel website
. A&E Television
Networks, LLC, 2014. Web. 12 Dec. 2014. <http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/michelangelo-born>.

"Michelangelo to Vasari: Drawing the Figure in Renaissance Florence."
The J. Paul Getty Museum
. The J. Paul Getty Trust, n.d. Web. 12 Dec. 2014. <http://www.getty.edu/art/exhibitions/michelangelo/>.

"Michelangelo Buonarroti Biography."
Michelangleo Gallery
. Studio of
the South, 2014. Web. 12 Dec. 2014. <http://www.michelangelo-gallery.com/biography.aspx>.

Buonarroti, Michelangelo.
Madonna of the Stairs
. 1491. Casa
Buonarroti, Florence.
. Web. 12 Dec. 2014.

Buonarroti, Michelangelo.
David and Goliath
. 1509. Capella
Sistina, Vatican.
Michelangelo: The Complete Works
. Web. 12 Dec. 2014.

Buonarroti, Michelangelo.
Dividing Light from Darkness
. 1511.
Capella Sistina, Vatican.
Michelangelo: The Complete Works
. Web. 12 Dec. 2014.
Buonarroti, Michelangelo.
The Last Judgement
. 1535-1541. Capella
Sistina, Vatican.
Michelangelo: The Compete Works
. Web. 12 Dec. 2014.
Buonarroti, Michelangelo.
. 1498. St. Peter's Basilica , Vatican.
. Web. 12 Dec. 2014.
Buonarroti, Michelangleo.
. 1501-1504. Accademia di Belle
Arti di Firenze, Florence.
Jason C. Stanley
. Web. 12 Dec. 2014.
Buonarroti, Michelangelo.
The Creation of Adam
. 1510. Capella
Sistina, Vatican.
. Web. 12 Dec. 2014.
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