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Battle of Vincennes/Kaskaskia/Cahokia
Transcript of Battle of Vincennes/Kaskaskia/Cahokia
Battle of Kaskaskia
Introduction to the Vincennes, Kaskaskia, and Cahokia War
Before the Vincennes/Kaskaskia/Cahokia War, the British were in control of forts on the western frontier, such as the forts of Detroit, Vincennes, and Kaskaskia.
George Rogers Clark (US) was appointed a Lt. Col. and instructed to take command of some of the forces on the western frontier that were controlled by the British in January of 1778.
The World Book Encyclopedia, U-V, 20, 1998 Edition
Battle of Vincennes
The British controlled the city of Vincennes and Fort Sackville until in 1778, Virginia troops and local French volunteers captured Fort Sackville and Vincennes under George Roger Clark.
The British recaptured the city and the fort, but on February 23,1779, Clark and his forces attacked again and gained control of Vincennes.
Before Clark's forces recaptured the city, they had to survive many hardships on the way there. They faced floods and would have to build canoes in order to get accross the water. They experienced fatigue and hunger. The men had to walk in water up to their shoulders. When they had finally reached high ground, they marched to a place called Sugar-Camp, which was around six miles from Vincennes. The camp was a very cold place for the men at night, since they were still wet. When they reached Warriors Island, they began to hunt and dry their clothes and other supplies. They captured a French hunter in which he proved to be a friend to the Americans and he informed Clark of how the fort was defended and its conditions. Clark then realized he had to make a bold move quickly.
George Roger Clark- He won this battle over the British forces. He was not a soldier or in the army. He was sent by Virginia as a frontiersman to obtain land northwest of the Ohio River.
Governor Henry Hamilton- He made arrangements with the Native Americans to reward them for all colonists' scalps they brought him. He recaptured Vincennes with around 500 fighting men.
General George Rogers Clark- US
Captain Helm- US
French Militia Leader, Chevalier Phillippe de Rocheblave.
George Roger Clark- US
1778 & February 23, 1779
July 4th, 1778
Clark set out with about 200 fighting men from Virginia on June 26th, 1778. They arrived at Kaskaskia on the 4th of July.
Fort Gage was captured without firing a shot since Lt. Colonel Clark had the advantage of surprise.
Battle of Cahokia
The Battle of Cahokia wasn't much of a battle because the townspeople there had heard that the people of Kaskaskia had surrendered when they heard that the French had sided with the Americans.
They didn't want to be harmed so when the small force sent by Clark arrived at the town, the people of Cahokia did what they were told with very little hesitation.
The importance of taking over Cahokia and Kaskaskia was that the British couldn't attack them from the west, unless they came in through Canada.
In all three battles Americans won.
Also all three of them were led by George Roger Clark.
We had help from the French also.
George Roger Clark gained Fort Sackville and Fort Gage.
An advantage for the Patriots was that since Cahokia was taken by them, the British are not able to attack from the west, unless they move from Canada.
Map of Vincennes
Clark's forces surround the city along the picket fences and behind the breastworks on the Northeast side of Vincennes. Clark's sharpshooters prevent anyone from going out into the Wabash River. Clark's Head-quarters is located Northeast of the breastworks. The sharpshooters were the closest to Fort Sackville of Clark's forces.