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Archetypal Critical Theory

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Brooke Ragusa

on 9 September 2013

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Transcript of Archetypal Critical Theory

Archetypal Critical Theory
Back to Freshman year...
Archetype Project
Just to name a few...
Trickster
Devil/Villain
The Wise Old Man
What is Archetypal Critical Theory?
Background: Founding Voices & Texts
Carl Gustav Jung
Born 1875
Connection to the Psychoanalytical group- through Freud
"Psychology and the Unconscious"
"Psychological Types"(after WWI)
Coined the term "archetype"
:
Two Layers of the Unconscious Psyche

Collective vs. Personal Unconscious
Archetypes- basic forms personified in recurring images, symbols, or patterns already accompanied by certain meaning when employed in a particular work.
Example: Motifs such as the quest or the heavenly ascent, recognizable character types such as the trickster or the hero, symbols such as the apple or snake, or images such as crucifixion.
The Self
The Shadow
The Anima/Animus
The Persona
Northrop Frye
Born 1912
"Anatomy of Criticism"
Theory of Myths
"First there is undisplaced myth, generally concerned with gods or demons..."
""Second we have the tendency to suggest implicit mythical patterns in a world more closely associated with human experience.
"Third we have the tendency of realism to throw the emphasis on content and representation rather than on the shape of the story."
Theory of Archetypes
Spring=Comedy
Summer=Romance
Autumn=Tragedy
Winter=Irony & Satire
Joseph Campbell
Born 1904
"Hero with a Thousand Faces"
"The composite hero of the monomyth is a personage of exceptional gifts. Frequently he is honored by his society, frequently unrecognized or disdained. He and/or the world in which finds himself suffers from a symbolic deficiency..."
"Whether the hero be ridiculous or sublime, Greek or barbarian, gentile or Jew, his journey varies little in essential plan."
Explained the existence of a Monomyth
Current Voices and Texts
Monomyth

Universal pattern that is the essence of heroic tales in every culture
Several stages almost every hero goes through no matter the culture of the myth.
17 Stages
Questions to Ask when Analyzing a Work Through an Archetypal Critical Lens:
1. What archetypes contribute to the work?
2. How do these archetypes contribute to the work?
3. Does knowing these archetypes enhance the work?
4. Does the work help to contribute to understanding these archetypes?
5. Does the work update any old archetypes?
6. Does the work challenge or create any archetypes?
Archetypal Criticism proceeds from the initial assumption that every work can be categorized into a large framework that includes all literature.
"How to Read Literature Like a Professor"
Critic=at center of interpretive activity
Archetypes determine the form & function - meaning comes from cultural and psychological myths
Relates to Psychoanalytical b/c it accepts the idea of the unconscious mind and is part of the unconscious shared by all people.
The most often traced archetypal pattern is the Heroic Quest
Work Cited Page
Algeo, John. “Harry Potter and the Hero with a Thousand Faces.” Quest 97. 1 (Fall 2009): 25-29. Print.

Campbell, Joseph. The Hero with a Thousand Faces. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1968. Print.

Chapman, Jeremy. Archetypes, Rhetoric and Characters: Northrop Frye’s Criticism. n.p., n.d. Web. 30 Aug. 2013.

Cherry, Kendra. Jung’s Archetypes. About.com, 2013. Web. 3 Sept. 2013.

Cowgil, Charles. History of Psychology Archives: Carl Jung. Muskingum.edu, May 1997. Web. 28 Aug. 2013.

Gillespie, Tim. Archetypal Criticism for Students: Finding the Mythic Resonance. Stenhouse Publishers, 2010. Web. 29 Aug. 2013.

Herring, David. Northrop Frye’s Theory of Archetypes. n.p., 10 Aug. 2008. Web. 3 Sept. 2013.

Hopkins, John. The John Hopkins Guide to Literary Theory and Critics. Baltimore: University Press, 2005. Print.

Joseph Campbell Foundation. About Joseph Campbell. n.p., 2012. Web. 28 Aug. 2013.

Orr, Leonard. A Dictionary of Critical Theory. New York: Greenwood Press, 1991. Print.

Purdue University. Critical Approaches to Literature: A Brief Overview. 2013. Web. 4 Sept. 2013.

Siegel, Dr. Kristi. Introduction to Modern Literary Theory. n.p., n.d. Web. 2 Sept. 2013.

Jung's 4 Main Archetypes:
Analyzing Pop Culture with Archetypal Critical theory
Harry Potter is a contemporary version of Joseph Campbell's "A Hero with a Thousand Faces"
The archetypal characters, plot, and setting evoke in the reader a response from their collective unconscious.
Harry Potter and the Monomyth

Archetypal Characters
Voldemort
Harry Potter
Molly Weasley
Dumbledore
The Final Quest
The 7th novel directly relates to the Hero's Journey or Quest
Hero- Harry Potter
Holy Grail-Explicitly stated: The Deathly Hallows
Dangerous Road- Wizarding World is warring, Harry must hide
Evil Knight/villain- Voldemort
Princess- Ginny Weasley
Harry ends up gaining self knowledge
Represents the unification of the unconsciousness and consciousness of an individual
Individuation
Part of the unconscious mind that is composed of repressed ideas, weaknesses, desires, and shortcomings
Dark side of the psyche
Present in all of us, though some deny it, and project on others
Represent the true self, instead of the image we present to others
Primary source of communication of the unconscious
Anima=feminine image in the male psyche
Animus=masculine image in the female psyche
Latin word for "mask"
How we present ourselves to the world
Full transcript