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Four research projects on Citizen Participation in Urban Change

Presentation 13 Oct 2015 in the master course Design and Planning for Social Inclusion, Chalmers Architecture Hammarkullen, Gothenburg, Sweden
by

Jenny Stenberg

on 21 February 2017

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Transcript of Four research projects on Citizen Participation in Urban Change

City of Gothenburg, Västra Götaland Regionen
Gothenburg University, Chalmers University of Technology
At the end of this studio the students will be prepared to work as professional architects, planners, designers, engineers, etcetera, in design, planning and reconstruction of suburban areas from the million program – linking social aspects to e.g. environmental, technical, aesthetic, economic aspects.
EMPOWERMENT
Transformation
Transition
BACKGROUND
weakening of the public sector
gentrification processes threaten diversity
in the global competition for investments, certain areas are developed while leaving others in deprivation
PURPOSE
‘cultures of participation and learning’
capacity-building processes
involving citizens in these processes
codesigners in urban design
Four questions:
What are the
characteristics
of the ‘cultures of participation and learning’ in which inhabitants participate?
How can we
contribute to the

creation
of such cultures in urban development processes?
What are the
opportunities and difficulties
associated with working in this way?
How can we
tackle identified problems?
Jenny Stenberg
Project leader for the pilot project
Associate Professor Chalmers Architecture
Vice Manager Centre for
Urban Studies Hammarkullen
Eeva Bolin
Project leader for the pilot project
Manager Culture and leisure
Eastern Gothenburg
City of Gothenburg
Lasse Fryk
Teacher Social Work University of Gothenburg
Local coordinator Centre for Urban Studies Hammarkullen
Pål Castell
Landscape Architect
Postdoc Social Work University of Gothenburg Centre for Urban Studies Hammarkullen
THE PROJECT
GROUP

METHOD
transdiscipliny approach
tools for 'meeting-democracy'
DIDACTICS
didactics in common
linking social and physical factors
focusing at the process
didactics = all factors influencing the learning and its contents
didactics = a thorough and well-considered plan of how to combine certain tools into a tool box suitable for the kind of task one is set to carry out in a special moment
didactics = one of the answers to our question: 'how can we tackle identified problems?'
RESOURSES WE COULD OFFER THE LOCAL COMMUNITY:
didactics
knowledge building capacity
networks
manpower
independece
funding
Prezi design: Siamand Irandost
HAMMARPARK AS DEMOCRACY PROJECT
Urban games with Emma school
the housing company wanted to invest in an 'event park' for children
Emma school chose the park as theme to focus
our pilot project offered to support and assist
a new law came... the housing company stopped the investment
but Emma school completed the idea
a learning process with the children as community builders
THE MEETING PLACE – a capacity-building process:
workshop about a cooperative café/restaurant
8 women in March 2012 started cooperative cafe/restaurant at a 'popular education centre' in the city of Gothenburg, as part of an EU project called 'Sphinx-incubator for social enterprises' run by Coompanion in collaboration with the city district administration of Angered
higher education students as engines
students having a workshop with a south-african architect on codesign
our pilot project invited inhabitants: the newly started group Meetingplace and ten women in a labour market catering course
the Meetingplace: integration between different groups
the café women: start café/restaurant
both wanted a red cottage at the square
the students (social work, teachers, architects) assisted the southafrican architect
and the participants of the Meetingplace were given that role too
In one day they created, with main focus on what the Café women wanted, five different design proposals for how the building could be used
processen förde med sig både glädje och sorg:
Mötesplatsen fungerar bra
vem som betalar hyran ännu inte löst
café eller restaurang som företag eller kooperativ har ännu inte blivit verklighet, men processen pågår fortfarande
Conceptualizing of our knowledge
Pia Borg
Planning Manager
City Office
City of Gothenburg
Ulrika Evenås
Property Manager Hammarkullen Square
Göteborgslokaler
City of Gothenburg
Vanja Larberg
Architect
Social Resourse Administration
City of Gothenburg
higher education students (social work, teacher and architects) as engines
involve citizens and base their design proposals on these dialogues
Jenny Stenberg
www.urbanempower.se
källa: www.goteborg.se
källa: www.goteborg.se
Angered
47,700 inhabitants
© Chalmers Architecture & Joel Berge, Erika Lundén, Mattia Minenza, Isa Petterson, 2010
Hammarpark
© Chalmers Architecture & Joel Berge, Erika Lundén, Mattia Minenza, Isa Petterson, 2010
Hammarpark
Hammarpark
The physical environment
The social environment
Participative tools and methods
Linking social aspects to other aspects
Learning objectives
many different activities
The square
© Chalmers Architecture & Nazdar Ghalali, Vahid Sabouri, Helena Sandberg and Angelica Starke, 2010
© Chalmers Architecture & Nazdar Ghalali, Vahid Sabouri, Helena Sandberg and Angelica Starke, 2010
Aim: to create a lively place with many activities for all ages, gender and weather
© Chalmers Architecture & Nazdar Ghalali, Vahid Sabouri, Helena Sandberg and Angelica Starke, 2010
The entire entrepreneurial
street around Hammarkullen is important, not only the square
© Chalmers Architecture & Nazdar Ghalali, Vahid Sabouri, Helena Sandberg and Angelica Starke, 2010
© Chalmers Architecture & Nazdar Ghalali, Vahid Sabouri, Helena Sandberg and Angelica Starke, 2010
Hammarkullen’s living room –
creating identity and attraction through the stores
Hammarpark
suburbsdesign.wordpress.com
SUBURBS
communicative processes with citizens,
turned into design proposals
Public presentation and discussion
Close cooperation with local stakeholders: both employees and citizens
Tools for communication
Design and planning for social inclusion


design
&
future
challenges

ARK322 MPDSD Chalmers Architecture | suburbsdesign.wordpress.com
Design proposals for the passage to the square –
partly covered
© Chalmers Architecture & Nazdar Ghalali, Vahid Sabouri, Helena Sandberg and Angelica Starke, 2010
two entrences!
Design proposals for the internal courtyard
© Chalmers Architecture & Nazdar Ghalali, Vahid Sabouri, Helena Sandberg and Angelica Starke, 2010
© Chalmers Architecture & Nazdar Ghalali, Vahid Sabouri, Helena Sandberg and Angelica Starke, 2010
AMMARKULLESTATIONEN
© Chalmers Architecture & André Bernath, Mary Ngundo, Adam Peterson, Neda Sherafat, 2010
Example of student work:
The outside of the tram top
– new appearance
© Chalmers Architecture & K. Berggren, M. Börjesson,
K. A. Kadede, F. Skarp, 2010
can the lifts constitue the ’locked door’ instead of existing doors at each floor?
this would welcome people much better
the space outside of the lifts could be furnished and made into nice places
open floors
How can this building be developed?
© Chalmers Architecture & K. Berggren, M. Börjesson, K. A. Kadede, F. Skarp, 2010
a place with restaurant guests, newspaper readers, citizen office, exhibitions and workshops
create a nice common lobby
’large’ initiatives
© Chalmers Architecture & K. Berggren, M. Börjesson, K. A. Kadede, F. Skarp, 2010
Information SUBURBS ARK322 MPDSD Chalmers Architecture Associate Professor Jenny Stenberg
Public participation of citizens
The studio will give knowledge about the significance of the
social dimension
of sustainable development and focusing urban development in
suburban
areas built in the 1960s and 70s as part of the Swedish million programme
Aim
from www.goteborg.se
Jenny Stenberg Chalmers Architecture Suburbs – design and future challenges November 2009
Share born abroad in the 21 city districts of Gothenburg 1997–2008
© Chalmers Architecture & André Bernath, Mary Ngundo, Adam Peterson, Neda Sherafat, 2010
AMMARKULLESTATIONEN
Tram stop – a model
© Chalmers Architecture & André Bernath, Mary Ngundo, Adam Peterson, Neda Sherafat, 2010
I new room on top of the roof
© Chalmers Architecture & André Bernath, Mary Ngundo, Adam Peterson, Neda Sherafat, 2010
AMMARKULLESTATIONEN
The waiting room upstairs – opening up and
new materials, plus change places of functions
The Tram Stop
© Chalmers Architecture & André Bernath, Mary Ngundo, Adam Peterson, Neda Sherafat
© Chalmers Architecture & K. Berggren, M. Börjesson, K. A. Kadede, F. Skarp, 2010
varies the facade
gives light and life to the square
creates meetings points between our different activities
solves fire problems outside of the lifts
provides better health, as people tend to walk more in a light and clean staircase than existing fire escape stairs
= a symbolic value for the whole building and square
a new bright staircase
Learning outcome
from www.goteborg.se
Share born abroad in the 21 city districts of Gothenburg 1997–2008
Jenny Stenberg Chalmers Architecture Suburbs – design and future challenges November 2009
Gothenburg municipality:
Hammarkullen:
15 min with tram
from the railwaystation
Chalmers
University of Technology
Hammar-
kullen
62b
’small’ initiatives
How can this building be developed?
new entrance
lighting
new doors
displaying
digital screen
green terrace
balcony southward
AMMARKULLESTATIONEN
© Chalmers Architecture & André Bernath, Mary Ngundo, Adam Peterson, Neda Sherafat, 2010
The waiting room downstairs – new functions and materials
In Hammarkullen live around 9000 inhabitants. The area was built in the 1960s and 70s as part of the 'million program' in Sweden.
There is lots of green space within the area which has high rise buildings in the middle and lower around.
Hammarkullen is a stigmatized suburb with lots of refugees from many different parts of the world
Angered
47,700 inhabitants
150 companies registered in Hammarkullen
Mass media often focus on problems
46 NGOs
MPDSD•ARK322•Chalmers Architecture
Full-time master design studio 22,5 ects Sep-Jan in Hammarkullen
Students’ design proposals 2010
How can this building be developed?
How can this building be developed?
'small' initatives
© Chalmers Architecture & K. Berggren, M. Börjesson, K. A. Kadede, F. Skarp, 2010
larger library
staircase to terrace
extension southward
roof terrace
plus energy buildning
62b
AMMARKULLESTATIONEN
a neglected barrier in the middle of area
The centre
Examples of education:
Social work, bachelor course
Bosse Forsén, Lasse Fryk & Anna Nelson, University of Gothenburg GU
Premises in Lärjedalen since 25 years
Close cooperation with local social agencies
Community outreach in teaching, bachelor course
Bosse Forsén & Lasse Fryk, University of Gothenburg GU
Premises in Hammarkullen since 7 years
Close cooperation with local schools
Angered Art Studio, preparatory course
Lennart Larsson, University of Gothenburg GU
Premises in Angered since 9 years
Close cooperation with local culture associations
Suburbs – design & future challenges, master course
Jenny Stenberg, Chalmers Architecture
Premises in Hammarkullen since 3 year
Close cooperation with local associations
Music, preparatory course
Maria Larsson, HSM Academy of Music and Drama GU
Close cooperation with schools
Premises in Hammarkullen since 1 year
Centre for Urban Studies in Hammarkullen
Information SUBURBS ARK322 MPDSD Chalmers Architecture Associate Professor Jenny Stenberg
Examples of education:
Social work, bachelor course
Bosse Forsén, Lasse Fryk & Anna Nelson, University of Gothenburg GU
Premises in Lärjedalen since 25 years
Close cooperation with local social agencies
Community outreach in teaching, bachelor course
Bosse Forsén & Lasse Fryk, University of Gothenburg GU
Premises in Hammarkullen since 7 years
Close cooperation with local schools
Angered Art Studio, preparatory course
Lennart Larsson, University of Gothenburg GU
Premises in Angered since 9 years
Close cooperation with local culture associations
Suburbs – design & future challenges, master course
Jenny Stenberg, Chalmers Architecture
Premises in Hammarkullen since 3 year
Close cooperation with local associations
Music, preparatory course
Maria Larsson, HSM Academy of Music and Drama GU
Close cooperation with schools
Premises in Hammarkullen since 1 year
Centre for Urban Studies in Hammarkullen
The aim being to advance our knowledge in three specific areas:
widening participation in higher education;
promoting professional and organizational development; and
focusing on the role of citizens in urban change.
how we work:
Information SUBURBS ARK322 MPDSD Chalmers Architecture Associate Professor Jenny Stenberg
Chalmers and University of Gothenburg
Centre for Urban Studies
Hammarkullen
Started in 2010
Information SUBURBS ARK322 MPDSD Chalmers Architecture Associate Professor Jenny Stenberg
Information SUBURBS ARK322 MPDSD Chalmers Architecture Associate Professor Jenny Stenberg
Manager: Ove Sernhede, University of Gothenburg
Vice manager: Jenny Stenberg, Chalmers University of Technology
Chalmers and University Centre in Hammarkullen
Centre for urban studies,
learning and design practices
Information SUBURBS ARK322 MPDSD Chalmers Architecture Associate Professor Jenny Stenberg
Information SUBURBS ARK322 MPDSD Chalmers Architecture Associate Professor Jenny Stenberg
Manager: Ove Sernhede, University of Gothenburg
Vice manager: Jenny Stenberg, Chalmers University of Technology
Chalmers and University Centre in Hammarkullen
Centre for urban studies,
learning and design practices
how we work:
INTERACTION
The strategy is to work in a transdisciplinary manner creating links between education, research and public outreach
Centre for Urban Studies
Examples of education:
Social work, bachelor course
Bosse Forsén, Lasse Fryk & Anna Nelson, University of Gothenburg GU
Premises in Lärjedalen since 25 years.
Close cooperation with local social agencies
Community outreach in teaching, bachelor course
Bosse Forsén & Lasse Fryk, University of Gothenburg GU
Premises in Hammarkullen since 8 years
Close cooperation with local schools
Angered Art Studio, preparatory course
Lennart Larsson, University of Gothenburg GU
Premises in Angered since 10 years
Close cooperation with local culture associations
Suburbs – design & future challenges, master course
Jenny Stenberg, Chalmers Architecture
Premises in Hammarkullen since 4 year
Close cooperation with local associations
Music, preparatory course
Maria Larsson, HSM Academy of Music and Drama GU
Close cooperation with schools
Premises in Hammarkullen since 2 year
The aim was to advance our knowledge in three areas:
citizen dialogue as base for knowlegde production
widening participation in higher education
further develop education & research
Center for Urban Studies
Hammarkullen
how we work:
INTERACTION
The strategy was to work in a transdisciplinary manner creating links between education, research and community outreach
Centre for Urban Studies Hammarkullen
Chalmers and University of Gothenburg
Started in 2010
Centre for Urban Studies Hammarkullen
2 premises
on 7th floor
at the square
on ground floor
at a school yard
Results, three target groups:
international research society
swedish municipal employees / policy makers
local civil society
The project focus mainly on the inhabitants to be included in the capacity building processes
Results, three forms:
academic texts
web, book, conference
capacity building
both academics and other professional practitioners
interaction research project
planning, architecture, landscape architecture, art, peace- and conflict, management, global studies, geography
Jenny Stenberg, Pål Castell, Henric Benesch, Nazem Tahvilzadeh, Martin Berg, Hans Abrahamsson, Lars Jadelius, Emma Corkhill, Vanja Larberg, Sara Danielsson, Mia Andersson-Ek
Research project funded by Formas
2011-2013
The interplay between citizen initiatives and invited participation in urban planning
Project leader: Jenny Stenberg
Mistra Urban Futures
Pilot project 3
Urban Empowerment
Cultures of Participation and Learning
2010-2011
SUBURBS
Associate Professor
Department of Architecture
Chalmers University of Technology
Gothenburg Sweden

Email jenny.stenberg@chalmers.se
Cellphone +46 730 445790
Web for downloading of publications:
www.chalmers.se/en/Staff/Pages/
jenny-stenberg.aspx

ARK322 MPDSD Chalmers Architecture Associate Professor Jenny Stenberg
Started in 2010
Chalmers and University of Gothenburg
Research project funded by Formas
2011-2013
The interplay between citizen initiatives and invited participation in urban planning
Project leader: Jenny Stenberg
research
education
outreach
research
7th floor at the square
40 years of carnival with 30 000 visitors
Hammarkullen and Backa
One case in Hammarkullen we learned from: support of the participative design of a stage or 'patio' in Hammarpark
former Suburbs students in charge of the process
the stage or 'patio' will be built in 2013
Funded by an EU-project called Development Northeast
also small children are involved
inhabitants choosing activities in the park
starting 2008
meeting youth at Mixgården: one of the girls there sketching the stage
workshop about the 'patio': they wish a pond with colored light and a fontain
the architect presenting a draft design
the architects built a full-scale model in chicken wire, cardboard and chairs – what you see in the picture are the seats that might be built in concrete with Gaudí's long bench in Barcelona as inspiration
Carin Smuts
The Meetingplace first continued to develop successfully with lots of activities but in Oct 2012 on closure threat due to lack of resources and support.
Thus the society has not yet found a way forward for empowerment of integrative grassroots initiative even if this is what is often asked for at higher levels.
Presentation 13 October 2015 in the master course
Design and Planning for Social Inclusion
, Chalmers Architecture Hammarkullen, Gothenburg, Sweden
&
online in the work space of
Urban Systems
at the School of Architecture La Salle, Barcelona, Spain, as part of Oikonet.org

Now with the new name:
Design and planning for social inclusion
research
education
community outreach
Action research, field based higher education and community outreach in a multi-ethnic suburb
www.mellanplats.se
local youths being employed
‘socially responsible public procurement’
the stage taking form
The builder who got the contract employed two youths from Hammarkullen full-time for 3.5 months, giving them a union salary based on their ages: 17 and 22 years. Foto: José Romero
5 other youths from Hammarkullen were also involved and received some payment for their work,
which was to design a mosaic border for the stage under the supervision of an artist
the inaguration – an artist born in Hammarkullen
The actual ‘socially responsible public procurement’
taking place imply that the
citizen involvement lead to systemic change
(which may be repeated and made ordinary procedure)
However we also learned that in general the local municipality had serious problems with changing their systems – to facilitate for citizen participation in design and planning,
even if this is asked for from higher levels in the municipality and nationally
www.mellanplats.se
Citizen Participation in Urban Change
Compact Cities?
Barcelona, Rotterdam and Gothenburg
Four research projects on
CODESIGNING RENOVATION
Learning Lab Hammarkullen
Part of the program National Transdisciplinary Centre of Excellence for Integrated Sustainable Renovation
2014-2018
Funder: Formas 23 million SEK
Program leader: Kristina Mjörnell SP | LTH

The tenants are cocreators in knowledge production about renovation
Meeting tenants as
group
- thus facilitate for social interaction about renovation
Objective: to develop a model for dialogue on sustainable renovation with tenants as group
Four students in the master course
Design and planning for social inclusion,
Chalmers Architecture Hammarkullen, will in Oct 2015 - Jan 2016 contribute to the work.

Last year two groups of students contributed with design suggestions based on citizen dialogue (see suburbsdesign.wordpress.com)
Exploring qualities, drivers and strategies for promoting mixed-use urban development
2014-2017
Funder: Formas 6 million
Project leader: Jaan-Henrik Kain Chalmers Architecture
Forat de la Vergonya in Old Town Barcelona
Interviews about the history of the process
Workshop 6 Oct 2015 on pros and cons in the area, 40 inhabitants participated
interviews
workshops
GIS studies
field studies
student work
literature studies
areal photo of the area
Les Corts Barcelona – implementing super block
Eleven students at La Salle School of Architecture Barcelona will in Oct 2015 - Jan 2016 contribute to the research. They start with interviewing inhabitants about values and problems in the area as base for their work.
Stenberg, Jenny (2007).
Interplace Planning – Theory and Practice: Partnership and Participation in Transformation of Multicultural Neighbourhoods
. Open access paper. Chalmers Architecture, Gothenburg.
Already in 2008, it was stated that a large part of the 'million program' in Sweden from energy-related reasons and as a result of natural/lacked maintenance needs to be renovated.

350 000 flats within five years (40%) 800 000 within ten years

(Industrifakta 2008)
(2011)
(2011)
Kristian Villadsen
Gehl Architects
Coordinator: Jenny Stenberg
Chalmers Architecture
Five students in the master course
Design and planning for social inclusion,
Chalmers Architecture Hammarkullen, will in Oct 2015 - Jan 2016 contribute to the work.
a view on knowledge:
we are all knowledge producers, knowledge bearers, and knowledge users
Most important in the project is to find a dialogue model that change the balance of power between the property owner and the tenants – to the advantage of the tenants.
The capacity-building processes we developed implied empowerment actions that help involved actors (inhabitants, students, employees in municipalities and universities) to increase their common ability to contribute to change – both social and physical.
What did we learn?
... and the next workshop is 17 Nov 2015 on dialogue methods in renovation projects
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