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Chapter 15 Stress and Health

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Tom Buckley

on 12 May 2016

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Transcript of Chapter 15 Stress and Health

Section 1 Vocab

Stressor- a stress-producing event or situation
Stress Reaction- the body's response to a stressor
Distress- stress that stems from acute anxiety or pressure
Eustress- positive stress, which results from motivating strivings and challenges
Conflict Situations- when a person must choose between two or more options that tend to result from opposing motives

Environmental
Stressors


Environmental conditions such as noise may cause stress on the job, and these factors can have similar effects on the public at large. noise is most aggravating when it is loud or irregular. One study found that there was an association between high levels of noise and elevated blood pressure among children attending school near a Los Angeles airport. Major life changes like marriage, illness, a new job are sources of stress. Two of the most life changing researches are Thomas Holmes and Richard Rahe who developed a scale to measure of 43 common events
Section 2 Vocab
Anxiety- a vague, generalized apprehension or feeling of danger
Anger- the irate reaction likely to result from frustration
Fear- the usual reaction when a stressor involves real or imagined danger
Social Report- information that leads someone to believe that he or she is cared for, loved, respected, and a part of a communication and mutaul obligation
Fight or Flight Response
Regardless of stressors the body reacts with immediate arousal.
Adrenal gland produce hormones, adrenaline.
Wild animals need the fight or flight response to survive

Components of
Stress
Conflict Situations
In our daily lives, we often have to evaluate situations and then make difficult decisions between options. In an Approach-Approach conflict the individual must choose between two attractive situations, avoidance-avoidance conflict occurs when and individual confronts two unattractive alternates, approach-avoidance conflict where for example a man wants to ask for a raise but is afraid he will be fired if he does. Another and the most common is double approach-avoidance conflict in which and individual must choose between two or more alternatives
Chapter 15 Stress and Health
By Tom Buckley

Many people think stress is a condition that can be avoided. According to Canadian researcher Hans Selye, there are two types of stress, negative stress, called distress stems from anxiety or pressure and can take a harsh role. The other is positive stress, called eustress results from strivings and challenges
General Adoption Syndrome
Behavioral
Reactions
Physical
Reactions
Section 3
Vocab
Hans Selye identified three stages in the body's stress reaction
1. Alarm-body mobilizes fight or flight
2. Resistance-the person often finds means to cope with the stressor
3. Exhaustion-adrenal gland and other glands involved in fight or flight response have been taxed to their limit
Seyle called this general adaption syndrome
There are many short term behaviors that change from stress. People can develop nervous habits like gulping meals down,smoke more,and drink more. Some reactions are positive, some people will risk there lives in storms to save people
People develop psychosomatic symptoms
as a result to stress. These include headaches, stomachaches, and muscle pains. Stress is certainly a factor of illness. Emotional stress causes peptic ulcers, hypertension, certain arthritis, asthma and heart disease.
Cognitive Appraisal- the interpretaion of an event that helps determine its stress impact
Denial- a coping mechanism in which a person decides that the even is not really a stressor
Intellectualization- a coping mechanism in which analyzes a situation from an emotionally detached viewpoint
Progressive Relaxation- lying down comfortably and tensing and releasing the tension in each major muscle group in turn
Meditation- a focusing of attention with the goal of clearing one's mind and producing an "inner peace"
Biofeedback- the process of learning to control bodily states with the help of machines that provide feedback
Psychological Coping Strategies
Section 4 Vocab
Autonomy- ability to take care of oneself and make one's own decisions
Developmental Friendship- friends force one another to reexamine their basic assumptions and perhaps adopt new ideas and beliefs
Resynthesis- combining old ideas with new ones and reorganize feelings in order to renew one's identity
Career- a vacation in which a person works at least a few years
Comparable Worth- the concept that women and men should receive equal pay for jobs calling comparable skill and responsibility
Choosing College
Working
Millions of young adults go through the stress of choosing a college.
Peter Madison spent almost 10 years collecting data on how several hundred students adjusted to college. Madison found that many approached college with a high, often unrealistic aspirations
Stress also comes from when you graduate high school or college and you need to find a job.Finding a job that interest you and is something you want to do for 40 plus years is hard. Also you then having bills and taxes to pay which adds to your stress level
Bibliography

McGraw-Hill.Understanding Psychology.Print.

Http://www.youtube.com/channel/UCwNLi2ltcimNUgb3OL_bpfw L. "Stress: Types of Coping Strategies." YouTube. YouTube, 23 Feb. 2014. Web. 11 May 2016.

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