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History of the Internet and WWW

Internet and WWW history
by

Leonore Carr

on 16 July 2014

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Transcript of History of the Internet and WWW

1960
2000
1970
1980
1990
2010
The History of the Internet and World-Wide Web
1961
PACKET SWITCHING is invented by Leonard Kleinrock
In packet switching, a data message is divided into segments, called packets, which are transmitted separately, possibly down different routes. Once all packets arrive at their addressed destination, the message is recompiled.
1962
J.C.R. Licklider presents his vision of a "GALACTIC NETWORK" in which he saw computers from all over the world interconnected to allow the sharing of data and programs.
1968
NLS, The first computer system to use hypertext, a mouse, screen windowing and presentation software, developed by Doug Engelbert, was demonstrated as part of a videoconference after 6 years of development.
1969
ARPANET is set up by the US Defence Department. It began as four linked computers that allowed hundreds of scientists in the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) to share data, findings and other research.
1972
EMAIL is invented by Ray Tomlinshin. This protocol allowed the sending of messages over the Internet.
1977
PC MODEMS are invented and sold by Dennis C Hayes and Dale Heatherington. They convert between analogue and digital signals as a personal computer sends and receives data from other computers across telephone lines, facilitating the widespread use of the Internet.
1981
CSNET is launched by The National Science Foundation. It is a network for institutions without access to ARPANET. It was later upgraded to NSFNET.
1983
DNS Invented by Paul Mockapetris at the Uni of Southern California. DNS is a database system that translates user-friendly hostnames into IP addresses, that numerically define the location of devices around the world. For example www.google.com → 72.14.203.103
1983
Activation of TCP/IP for use on the Internet. These sets of rules, called a protocols define how data should be formatted, addressed, transmitted, routed and received at the destination in a network.
1992
The INTERNET SOCIETY is founded. The society is a not-for-profit organisation that provides “leadership in Internet related standards, education, and policy.”
1992
The World Wide Web is invented by Tim Berners-Lee.
Protocol - an agreed set of formats and rules for exchanging data over the Internet. It defines the syntax (correct use of language), semantics (understanding of the meaning of language), and synchronization of communication of data.
1993
Mosaic (Netscape) was invented. It was the first user-friendly graphical web browser, making the web accessible to the 'average' person
'Dot com bubble' 1995-2000
1995 - Ebay and Amazon went online

1998- Google came onto the Internet

1998 - RTSP developed

1999 - WAP (Wireless Application Protocol) released to allow mobile devices to access the web
2001
Wikipedia launched

2002
Web 2.0 - a new model for information exchange, primarily featuring DIY user-edited and generated websites
2005
You Tube created by former Pay Pal employees

2006
Twitter created

Amazon created Amazon Web Service (AWS) in an effort to provide cloud computing to external customers
1993
CSIRO apply for a patent to a technology that later become WiFi. Almost 20 years later, the Australian government organisation has secured almost half a billion dollars in royalties
1993
"Severe Tire Damage" was the first band to perform live on the Internet using multicasting to stream the media.
2007
First iPhone released. It was the first smart phone with multi-touch functionality

2008
ABC iView launched, one of the first online 'catch-up' TV providers in Australia

2009
Prezi is launched - a cloud-based presentation software
2011
Telstra and Optus volunteered to filter (censor) content from a defined black list.

2012
IPv6 released - an updated Internet Protocol version of IPv4 to deal with the limited number of IP address which are soon to be exhausted.
Example:
2001:0db8:85a3:0042:0000:8a2e:0370:7334.
2003
Pirate Bay founded - Swedish file sharing, bit torrent site.

Myspace launched

2004
Facebook launched
2000 - Nokia 9000 communicator launched - the first 'smart phone' with Internet connectivity
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