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History of the Internet and WWW
Transcript of History of the Internet and WWW
The History of the Internet and World-Wide Web
PACKET SWITCHING is invented by Leonard Kleinrock
In packet switching, a data message is divided into segments, called packets, which are transmitted separately, possibly down different routes. Once all packets arrive at their addressed destination, the message is recompiled.
J.C.R. Licklider presents his vision of a "GALACTIC NETWORK" in which he saw computers from all over the world interconnected to allow the sharing of data and programs.
NLS, The first computer system to use hypertext, a mouse, screen windowing and presentation software, developed by Doug Engelbert, was demonstrated as part of a videoconference after 6 years of development.
ARPANET is set up by the US Defence Department. It began as four linked computers that allowed hundreds of scientists in the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) to share data, findings and other research.
EMAIL is invented by Ray Tomlinshin. This protocol allowed the sending of messages over the Internet.
PC MODEMS are invented and sold by Dennis C Hayes and Dale Heatherington. They convert between analogue and digital signals as a personal computer sends and receives data from other computers across telephone lines, facilitating the widespread use of the Internet.
CSNET is launched by The National Science Foundation. It is a network for institutions without access to ARPANET. It was later upgraded to NSFNET.
DNS Invented by Paul Mockapetris at the Uni of Southern California. DNS is a database system that translates user-friendly hostnames into IP addresses, that numerically define the location of devices around the world. For example www.google.com → 126.96.36.199
Activation of TCP/IP for use on the Internet. These sets of rules, called a protocols define how data should be formatted, addressed, transmitted, routed and received at the destination in a network.
The INTERNET SOCIETY is founded. The society is a not-for-profit organisation that provides “leadership in Internet related standards, education, and policy.”
The World Wide Web is invented by Tim Berners-Lee.
Protocol - an agreed set of formats and rules for exchanging data over the Internet. It defines the syntax (correct use of language), semantics (understanding of the meaning of language), and synchronization of communication of data.
Mosaic (Netscape) was invented. It was the first user-friendly graphical web browser, making the web accessible to the 'average' person
'Dot com bubble' 1995-2000
1995 - Ebay and Amazon went online
1998- Google came onto the Internet
1998 - RTSP developed
1999 - WAP (Wireless Application Protocol) released to allow mobile devices to access the web
Web 2.0 - a new model for information exchange, primarily featuring DIY user-edited and generated websites
You Tube created by former Pay Pal employees
Amazon created Amazon Web Service (AWS) in an effort to provide cloud computing to external customers
CSIRO apply for a patent to a technology that later become WiFi. Almost 20 years later, the Australian government organisation has secured almost half a billion dollars in royalties
"Severe Tire Damage" was the first band to perform live on the Internet using multicasting to stream the media.
First iPhone released. It was the first smart phone with multi-touch functionality
ABC iView launched, one of the first online 'catch-up' TV providers in Australia
Prezi is launched - a cloud-based presentation software
Telstra and Optus volunteered to filter (censor) content from a defined black list.
IPv6 released - an updated Internet Protocol version of IPv4 to deal with the limited number of IP address which are soon to be exhausted.
Pirate Bay founded - Swedish file sharing, bit torrent site.
2000 - Nokia 9000 communicator launched - the first 'smart phone' with Internet connectivity