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Bio-3 Designer Babies

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by

Genesis Dumas

on 12 February 2014

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Transcript of Bio-3 Designer Babies

Genetic Modification in Babies
Human Genome Project
The goal was to discover the set of human genes and determine the complete sequence of
DNA

bases in the human genome.
Human Genome Project began in 1990.
It was completed in April 2003.
Connection to other genetic engineering topics...
Genetic mutations have been used as gene therapy.
Transgenic plants and animals' genes have also been altered, but usually for beneficial reasons.
Bio-3 Designer Babies
By: Genesis Dumas, Ariana Gamarra, Oliver Heller

Benefits
Negative Implications
History
Human Genome Project
Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis
Ethical Controversies
The finished sequence of the human genome covers about
99
percent of the gene-containing regions.
The locations of many human genes were identified.
More than
1,400
disease genes were discovered.
Scientists discovered the
"switches"
that control our genes.
Test Tube Baby
It influenced the idea of designer babies.
It is conceived through in vitro fertilization.
The gametes of a female & male are joined in a test tube.
When the embryo is formed, it is then implanted into the woman's uterus.
The first "test tube" baby was born on July 25, 1987.
babies...improved?

Parents are able to choose
traits
, like hair color, eye color, and skin tone for their offspring.
The
sex
of the offspring can be chosen.
The risk of a genetic disease can be
limited
.
A preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) can be used.
Some believe that a child should be born from one man and one woman- A designer baby inherits the DNA of
3 people
, 2 women and 1 man.
People believe that scientists shouldn't "Play God."
Shouldn't try to
"program"
a human being.
Could be accomplished without
genetically altering
child.
In 2012, the first 30
genetically modified
babies were born in the United States.
Parents were able to select specific genetic traits for their child.
The DNA of the cell of an embryo is checked for disease
mutations
.
Only the healthy embryos are implanted in the the mother's uterus.
They are used to determine the gender of embryos.
It can decrease the chances of transmitting sex-linked disease genes to offsprings.
It can identify
chromosomally
abnormal embryos.
Sources
First
Doctors extract a
healthy
mitochondria located in a donor's egg cell. This mitochondria contains DNA.
Second
The
mitochondria
is implanted into the egg of the woman trying to conceive. This brings the new DNA of the mitochondria into the fetus.
Third
The child now contains DNA from two women and one man, genetically affecting the child so it will receive traits from all three.
Such a baby would have it's genes select in favor of specific traits that parents desire, hypothetically including hair color, eye color, etc.
It can also help woman who has faulty mitochondrial DNA conceive.
Summary
http://www.disabled-world.com/artman/publish/genetic-engineering.shtml
http://www.geneticengineeringinhumans.com/
http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/handbook/hgp/accomplishments
http://www.nature.com/scitable/topicpage/embryoe-screening-and-the-ethics-of-human-60561
http://www.sott.net/article/247262-Worlds-First-Genetically-Modified-Babies-Born
http://www.personal.psu.edu/afr3/blogs/siowfa12/2012/10/what-are-designer-babies-and-what-do-they-mean-for-the-future-of-reproduction.html
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/donna-gates/genetically-engineered-babies_b_1652842.html
http://web.ornl.gov/sci/techresources/Human_Genome/project/press4_2003.shtml
http://online.wsj.com/news/articles/SB10001424052702303492504579113293429460678
Could result in situations from lasting
medical
conditions to death
Extremely unpredictable
Diseases could also result from an accident when dealing with genetic
experimentation
Considerably expensive

Advances
23andMe (a personal-genomics company) created a patent.
It explains how a parent would choose certain traits he or she wants in a child.
A computer system would match the parent with a donor that has the desired traits.
Full transcript