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Transcript of MUSLIM ACHIEVEMENTS
Trade played a big role in the development of Islam. Trade routes went through East and South Asia, and small boats called dhows went through the Mediterranean Sea and Indian Ocean. These passageways ended up linking 3 continents. Islam received items. Some are silk, dishes, spices, coconuts, and gems.
Muslim merchants contributed a lot to the economy. Merchants had social mobility which meant that they could move up in society. Merchants were very loved. They brought many items to far Muslim lands.
The Muslim civilization had many great philosophers. Muslim philosophy is a mix of Muslim faith and Greek logic. One great philosopher was named Ibn Rushd.
Medicine was improved by Muslims using Greek medical knowledge and making it better. The greatest Muslim doctor was a man named Ibn Sina. He was known as Avicenna in Europe. He wrote an encyclopedia that had every illness and cure known at the time, and other books
on medicine and philosophy.
Hospitals with pharmacies were built within the Arab Muslim empire with different parts for people with different diseases. Some doctors could perform brain and cancer surgeries.
HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHY
Many Muslim scholars took account of history and geography. A man named Ibn Battuta wrote about his adventures around Muslim countries. An author named Ibn Khaldun attempted to explain dynasties and their fall and rise. He also wrote history of the world.
Many Folk tales created by Muslims are included in a book called The Thousand and One Nights. In these stories there are animals, heroes and their adventures as well as romance stories. All of these stories come from a very long tradition that have given scholars lots of information about earlier times.
Poetry was first known as oral art that nomads used to mock their enemies and to praise their tribes. It is central to Arab culture because it led to different
Rumi is one of the most famous Muslim poets. He came from a Persian family and wrote about religious themes, as well as practiced Sufism. Sufism emphasizes
the control of oneself.
Muslims used a decimal system called Hindu numerals, and included the concept of zero. al-Khwarizmi, a mathematician wrote a book that introduced a second number system.What we call numbers are also called Arabic numerals. Algebra and chemistry are Arabic words. Al-Khwarizmi also made advances in algebra
DESIGN AND CALIGRAPHY
Any art that had humans or animals in it was discouraged. Decorative designs were on both tile carpets and on the domes on the top of mosques. A common design are flowers and vines. Art and religion merged due to calligraphy and Muslim styles came to Europe through trade and
It was used to rewrite verses of the Quran and was written on tiles and in textiles. Because of the Muslims, an artistic age started in Italy in the 1300s.
Muslims built beautiful architecture. Their styles were influenced by different cultures but mainly Byzantine, Persian and Roman. Their architecture commonly had domes and arches in them.
Muslims developed complex calendars of the sky. They created star charts and measured earth. They also built and used observatories.