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Transcript of Psychoanalysis part2
Pleasure Principle-Seeks constant and immediate satisfaction of instinctual needs
The Primary Process
The Reality Principle-responsible for reconciling the unrealistic demands of both the id and the superego with the demands of the real world
The Secondary Process
represents the moral and ideal aspects of personality
Conscience-results from punishment
Ego-Ideal-stems from rewards
A pleasure seeking individual
A guilt ridden or inferior feeling individual
A psychologically healthy person
The Relationship among Id, Ego, and Superego in Three Hypothetical Persons.
Human act in order to seek pleasure or reduce tension and anxiety
refers to those forces that motivate people
constant internal motivational force
Two types of drives
seeks pleasure, which can be gained through the erogenous zones, especially the mouth, anus, and genitals
aims to return the person to an inorganic state or death,
Both Eros and Thanatos are flexible and can take a number of forms
Throughout our lifetime, life and death impulses constantly struggle against one another for ascendancy, but at the same time, both must bow to the reality principle, which represents the claims of the outer world.
Neurotic Anxiety: apprehension about an unknown danger; stems from id
Moralistic Anxiety: anxiety that results from the ego’s conﬂict with the superego.
Realistic Anxiety: unpleasant, nonspeciﬁc feeling involving a possible danger; stems from reality
A vague unpleasant affective state accompanied by a physical sensation that warns the person against impending danger.
Types of Anxiety
Only the ego feels anxious