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Syrian Civil War
Transcript of Syrian Civil War
Syrian History Summary
The Current State of Syria
Benefits of American Intervention
Costs of American Intervention
Conclusion The Syrian Civil War began after the Arab Spring had started, on March 15, 2011. Since then, more than 60,000 people have died, and the conflict keeps getting larger. The question is: Should the United States get involved in the conflict, or should keep a policy of non-intervention? Introduction The Ba'ath party took over in 1964.
Hafez al-Assad was the first president.
President Hafez al-Assad was responsible for the Hama Massacre in 1982.
Protest erupted in 1999 over a feud between Hafez and his brother, Rifaat.
Bashar al-Assad became president in 2000. Syrian History Many people thought Bashar would be more democratic because he spoke English fluently and had a British-born wife.
Bashar had ended these hopes after having ten civil rights activists arrested.
Syria became a totalitarian state.
Syrian civil war was bound to happen after the Arab Spring began. Syrian History (continued) Most dangerous fighting is in Damascus and Aleppo.
Opposition forces do not have enough weapons and are at a disadvantage.
The United States and a few other countries have stated they support the Syrian opposition force. Benefits of Intervention Iran would lose a powerful ally if Syria were to fall.
This would make Iranian support for Hezbollah more difficult.
The United States could gain more allies in the Middle East.
Intervention could also prevent the war from spreading to other countries. Benefits of Intervention (continued) Intervention in the war would help in the fight against Al-Qaeda.
The United States could help train and equip the Syrian opposition forces.
Most importantly, the United States, and other countries involved in the war, would be able to help stop a terrible regime committing crimes against humanity. Costs of Intervention Time and resources have already been devoted to the Wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.
The United States does not want to make another unpopular decision.
Arms and troops would cost too much.
Assad may be more difficult to defeat.
The government may be replaced by a government just as dictatorial as the previous one. Conclusion Intervention in Syria may lead to low benefits and high costs, but non-intervention may lead to the same thing. If the United States does intervene, it will have to decide whether or not to intervene militarily or come up with a peace agreement. No matter what they choose, they will have to decide what comes with the least amount of costs. Bibliography Doran, M., & Boot, M. (2012, September 26). 5 Reasons to Intervene in Syria Now. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/09/27/opinion/5-reasons-to-intervene-in-syria-now.html?_r=0
Katz, M. N. (2012, September 4). Intervention vs Non-Intervention in Syria: Assessing Costs and Benefits for the West. Retrieved from http://www.e-ir.info: http://www.e-ir.info/2012/09/04/intervention-vs-non-intervention-in-syria-assessing-costs-and-benefits-for-the-west/
Kort, M. G. (2002). The Handbook of the Middle East. Minneapolis, Minnesota: Twenty-First Century Books.
Landler, M., Gordon, M. R., & Barnard, A. (2012, December 12). Obama Says U.S. Will Recognize Rebels in Syria. Retrieved from SIRs Knowledge Source: http://sks.sirs.com/cgi-bin/hst-article-display?id=S200008782-0-3437&artno=0000347268&type=ART&shfilter=U&key=syrian%20intervention&title=Obama%20Says%20U%2ES%2E%20Will%20Recognize%20Rebels%20in%20Syria&res=Y&ren=N&gov=N&lnk=N&ic=N