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Gymnastics

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by

Olivia Robinson

on 8 January 2014

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Transcript of Gymnastics

Gymnastics
Prevention
Proper technique is essential to preventing injuries in gymnastics as well as flexibility and muscular endurance.
Anatomy of a Gymnast
Gymnasts tend to have very defined muscles and more muscular endurance than muscular strength.
Injuries
The upper body often bears the weight of the athlete, injuries such as wrist sprains and elbow dislocation are common at minor injuries. ACL and Achilles tendon tears are some of the major injuries.
Exercises
The best exercises for gymnasts are various stretches of the leg muscles and improving range of motion in the shoulders.
Training Plan
Olivia Robinson
General Information
Gymnastics is an Olympic sport that consists of routines executed on Vault, Uneven bars, Floor, and Balance Beam.
Bones
All bones in the body are used during gymnastics to support the gymnast's body weight.

Also, it has been proven that gymnastics helps improve bone density and prevent bone disorders such as osteoporosis.
Ligaments
Ligaments such as the SLIL ligament in the wrist are important for when tumbling and using the uneven bars.

The deltoid ligament is also important with running as well as vaulting and floor routines.
Muscles
The major muscles used by gymnasts include the quadriceps, hamstrings, abdominals, biceps and deltoids.

Neck muscles are also very important as the body tends to follow the head and the neck moves the head.
Sources:
http://www.nytimes.com/1994/11/25/us/gymnastics-training-strengthens-women-s-bones-study-shows.html
http://www.livestrong.com/article/459997-muscles-that-gymnasts-use/
Mrs. Gasser
http://www.stopsportsinjuries.org/gymnastics-injury-prevention.aspx
http://gymnastics.isport.com/gymnastics-guides/strength-conditioning-for-gymnasts
http://bodyinbalancephysicaltherapy.com/wellness-services/return-to-sports-program/gymnastics/
Rehab
Most injuries require rest and lots of ice (RICE method), while others can benefit from stretching and range of motion improvement activities that can decrease recovery time.
Picture Sources
http://0.tqn.com/d/gymnastics/1/7/z/3/-/-/NLiukin08TrialsalBelloGETTY81666929.JPG
http://img05.beijing2008.cn/20080818/Img214559608.jpg
http://www.hsgymcoach.com/images/img8.jpg
http://www3.pictures.zimbio.com/gi/Carlotta+Ferlito+Olympics+Day+6+Gymnastics+oe-N_4CDjY3l.jpg
https://encrypted-tbn1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQdRwY_RF8nA8aj7dzlrd70GTBMhFXvZEc4JzPWNe5JgSB_ewjDgQ
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/50/Carpus.png/250px-Carpus.png
https://encrypted-tbn2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcSbs0R6FhDoZqBw8qKjpeS-gCBXemcsl_aMm5IG2Kx1mc1Wc0m0-w
http://photos2.demandstudios.com/DM-Resize/photos.demandstudios.com/getty/article/41/40/AA038020_XS.jpg?h=10000&w=400&keep_ratio=1
http://0.tqn.com/d/gymnastics/1/7/z/3/-/-/NLiukin08TrialsalBelloGETTY81666929.JPG
http://img05.beijing2008.cn/20080818/Img214559608.jpg
http://www.hsgymcoach.com/images/img8.jpg
http://www3.pictures.zimbio.com/gi/Carlotta+Ferlito+Olympics+Day+6+Gymnastics+oe-N_4CDjY3l.jpg
http://ericahartmanphotography.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/05/Golden-State-Gymnastics-Photography-Gymnasts-In-Motion-1.jpg

Most gymnast's training plans encompass both weight lifting
and cardio as well as a lot
of stretching and practicing
routines.
Another important training aspect is based around core strength as it aids in stability and becoming aerodynamic for tumbling.
Focusing on gymnastics for this project helped me understand the true importance of recovery from injuries and how to prevent injuries from reoccurring. The information learned in this class helped me understand the sport further than I did before.
Full transcript