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Genocide East Timor
Transcript of Genocide East Timor
60% of the Timorese population were confined into 150 concentration camps
Starved and executed men women and children
Destroyed East Timor`s crops and villages
Indonesia denied access for International support crews and media to enter Timor for the first 4 years
Indonesia's education policy banned the teaching of Tetum, East Timor's lingua franca, and Portuguese Strong resistance developed from Indonesian rule
Repression, famine and diseases
Approximately 200,000 died in the Genocide
West Timor and East Timor were divided by Religion and Language when Indonesia invaded Indonesians believed in ethnic superiority of East Timor
Indonesia wanted East Timor’s resources such as their oil and timber
Indonesian wanted to sell/trade their products with other countries to keep international markets open for their investors, manufactures and consumers
Indonesia wanted a strong political hand May 19, 2002 East Timor became an independent nation with help from the United Nations
East Timor are no longer a capitalistic nation, but are now a democracy
East Timor achieved economic growth by 8% due to agriculture
They now maintain good relations with Indonesia
75% of children are now attending primary school in East Timor
East Timor economy grew 10% in 2011 and at a similar rate in 2012 East Timor gained independence after 7 years of the genocide
Timor is building its future, despite the heavy burden of widespread, deeply entrenched poverty
Now a maintain good relations with Indonesia
Indonesia, has not resolved problems of extreme poverty in seven years of independence
Since its independence in late May 2002, the country has continued to face serious violence, especially during the 2006-2008 crisis, prompting the return of an international peacekeeping force
Since Indonesia's withdrawal in 1999, UN agencies and other humanitarian organizations have had free access to East Timor Douglas, M. (May 20, 2002). East Timor's Road to Independence. In BBC News. Retrieved April 5, 2013, from http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-pacific-14919009.
Powell, A. (August, 25, 2006). Indonesia & East Timor. In WordPress. Retrieved April 5, 2013, from http://espressostalinist.wordpress.com/genocide/indonesia-east-timor/.
Smith, C. (June 8, 2010). New Country, East Timor; is born UN, which aided transition, vows continued help. In UN News Center. Retrieved April 5, 2013, from
Genocide Was Stopped in East Timor. Canadian Journal of History, (1), 207, Retrieved from http://elibrary.bigchalk.com
"Q&A: TIMOR'S "EXTREME POVERTY IS CENTURIES-OLD"." Global Information Network. 2009, May 21 L ife in East Timor before the Genocide East Timor was divided into two parts
The Dutch East Indies controlled the western half of Timor and Portugal controlled the eastern half of Timor
When the Dutch East Indies became the independent republic of Indonesia, West Timor was a part of a new nation
Many Timorese people where farmers and fishermen Genocide occurred in East Timor from December 1975 – October 1999
East Timor was under the Colonial rule of Portugal for many years, In April 1974 a military over through the fascist Portuguese Government The new government of Portugal let go of East Timor, Which led East Timor became an independent nation
After a couple of years of being Independent, East Timor was invaded by the anti-communist regime of Indonesia •East Timor had a lower to middle class income economy
•Timorese relied on subsistence farming to get food
•East Timor had a weak judicial system
East Timor remained under Portuguese rule until mid 1970’s Economy grew because East Timor imported a few commodities to other countries
• Timor now has revenue from offshore oil but little of the money has gone to develop villages
•East Timor is now safe and has few attacks from other nations
•East Timor Leste Defense Force was established in 2001, created to protect East Timor from external threats
•Their defense force has soldiers and several supporting units
•The defense force is responsible for defense of East Timor
In 1999 the United Nations Administration assisted East Timor Unanticipated Change Continued... East Timor Before Genocide Continued... Questions Why do you think Indonesia denied International support and the press from other countries to enter East Timor for the first four years of the genocide? Question Why do you think America supplied Indonesia with 90% of the weapons used in the East Timor Genocide? The United States made a deal with Indonesia before the Indonesian invasion. Agreeing that they would provide Indonesia with military aid and training needed while they were in East Timor
The US government denied assisting Indonesia with 90% of the supplies used in the genocide although they were later found guilty Americas Role Video!