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11º ano - Unit 4: "The Multicultural World"
Transcript of 11º ano - Unit 4: "The Multicultural World"
The doctrine that several different cultures (rather than one national culture) can coexist peacefully and equitably in a single country. It is often contrasted with the concepts of assimilation and social integration and has been described as a "salad bowl" or "cultural mosaic" rather than a "melting pot". Australia, the USA, Canada, Argentina, the UK, France, Luxembourg, Switzerland, etc 1. Can you name some of the most multicultural countries in the world? 3. Should these people adopt the customs of the new country or should they keep their own traditions?
4. Let’s consider now the second and third generations. How different are they from their predecessors? It allows people to truly express who they are within a society;
More tolerance towards different cultures;
It allows individuals to adapt better to social issues;
Without the proper understanding of other cultures, stereotypes and prejudices develop. 5. Why is Multiculturalism important? Discrimination: Rainbow Nation 2. Why do people emigrate? People emigrate to escape from: unemployment, poverty, hunger, war, religious and political persecutions, natural disasters, drought, etc.
They are looking for: better working and living conditions; better wages; a better education; political or religious freedom, family reunification, etc 6. What are stereotypes and prejudices? Stereotypes involve typical generalizations about the "typical" characteristics of member of a certain group;
Prejudices are attitudes toward the members of some group based solely on their membership in that group (can be positive or negative). Jacob Zuma, current President of South Africa Xhosa traditionally dressed women
Nelson Mandela Desmond Tutu The Venda The Tsonga The Zulu SOME ETHNIC GROUPS OF SOUTH AFRICA Each one of us has their values, their opinions, makes their judgments and takes their own conclusions, but we should be aware that we all do this the same way.
Independently of the colour of our skin, the way we move, of the shape of our faces or our religion we are all human, we are all rational beings and as such we don’t find a reason for this lack of respect towards society. English – 11th grade
Teacher Graça Coelho
“The Multicultural World”
- Discrimination - Racial Discrimination is to treat differently a person or group of people based on their racial origins. Power is a necessary precondition, for it depends on the ability to give or withhold social benefits, facilities, services, opportunities etc., from someone who should be entitled to them, and are denied on the basis of race, colour or national origin Discrimination is something we are all guilty of. All of us, even if unconsciously, discriminate because we find ourselves superior.
It is normal to hear on the street expressions like: “That man/woman is really badly dressed!”, “That guy is gay!”, “Look, there goes a chink!”… Who’s to blame? It is easier for different ethnic groups to live peacefully in large cities than in smaller towns, since people in smaller locations are more likely to feel prejudice towards them and a little scared of different and strange people. What can we say about this? Today, it isn’t unusual to see people of all different races, ethnic backgrounds or cultural groups living in one society. Such a society is a mixture of different people. Since they live in a society that is influenced by many social factors, expressing their group identity without coming into conflict with other groups on general laws and customs may be a hard task. We have to learn to set aside our differences and accept each other for what we are. If there wasn’t such ethnic and cultural difference in our society, life wouldn’t be as interesting as it is. “Racism is man's gravest threat to man - the maximum of hatred for a minimum of reason.”
Abraham J. Herschel, Jewish theologian and philosopher Quotes: “Let us all hope that the dark clouds of racial prejudice will soon pass away, and that in some not too distant tomorrow the radiant stars of love and brotherhood will shine over our great nation with all their scintillating beauty.”
“I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the colour of their skin but by the content of their character.”
Martin Luther King, Jr., American Baptist Minister and Civil-Rights Leader Quotes: “I don't stand for the black man's side, I don't stand for the white man's side. I stand for God's side.”
“Until the colour of a man's skin is of no more significance than the colour of his eyes - everywhere is war.”
Bob Marley, musician Quotes: Small towns, on the other hand, face various issues regarding racism. This is the case with the small southern towns of the U.S.A. In these locations African-American and Mexican people are stared at and sometimes even insulted. This happens because racial prejudice is deeply rooted in the mentalities of these people. Often it is only an issue of ignorance and fear towards strange cultures. For Example: New York is a large urban centre where, although different cultures live in independent neighbourhoods within the city, like China Town or Little Italy, they don’t feel hatred or prejudice towards each other and live in harmony and have respect for one another. For Example: Jacob Zuma, current President of South Africa The Tsonga The Venda Xhosa traditionally dressed women The Zulu SOME ETHNIC GROUPS OF SOUTH AFRICA
Nelson Mandela Desmond Tutu 7. Why are people discriminated against? People are discriminated because of their: sex, age, race, colour, social status, religious or political beliefs, nationality, etc. In short, they are different from the dominant group. 8. How does one person discriminate against another? By excluding that person, by making fun of him/ her, by creating caricatures, by ignoring him/ her, by humiliating him/her, etc Great songs! Enjoy the music and pay attention to the message shown in the lyrics. This is a tribute to Martin Luther King, Jr. An exhibit dedicated to the civil rights leader was on display at the Chicago Peace Museum in 1983 when the band visited the US.
Bono is speaking about those throughout history who have died because they preached of the equality of all men and practiced non-violence as the only way to achieve their goal of having this equality universally recognized. MLK is the primary example of non-violent resistance as the only way to bring about changes in civil rights. Multiculturalism Prefix = different / several • language
• customs / traditions
• food, music
• ethnicities... Suffix used to form adjectives Suffix used to form nouns Muliculturalism involves:
human rights protection