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Pronoun Antecedent Agreement

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Jasleen Thandi

on 16 October 2014

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Transcript of Pronoun Antecedent Agreement

Rule
Agreement Number 2-Person
Pronoun
Background Information
Rule
Agreement Number 1 -Number
Rule
Agreement Number 3- Gender
Singular Indefinite Nouns and Pronouns as Antecedents
Problematic Situation-Indefinite Nouns and Pronouns
Methodist Universtiy. "Prounouns1: Prounoun- Antecedent Agreement." Writing Center at Methodist University. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Oct. 2014. <http://www.methodist.edu/writingcenter/handouts/Pronoun-Antecedent%20Agreement.pdf>.

"Pronoun Antecedent Agreement." Pronoun Antecedent Agreement. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Oct. 2014.

Simmons, Robbin L. . "For Finding and Fixing Pronoun Agreement Errors." Pronoun Agreement. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Oct. 2014. <http://www.chompchomp.com/rules/proagreerules.htm>.

St.Cloud State University. "Pronoun Antecedent Agreement." Pronoun Antecedent Agreement. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Oct. 2014. <http://leo.stcloudstate.edu/grammar/pronante

"The Collective Noun." The Collective Noun. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Oct. 2014.

"Usage - Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement." Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Oct. 2014.

"Welcome to the Purdue OWL." Purdue OWL: Pronouns. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Oct. 2014.


Bibliography
Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement
By: Jasleen Thandi and Sharan
Antecedent
A substitute for a noun. It refers to a person, place, thing, feeling or quality without referring to it by its name.
The word, phrase or clause a pronoun refers to. Ante=before.
Ex.
President Lincoln delivered his Gettsburg Address in 1863.
Pronoun
Antecedent
Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement
A pronoun must agree with its antecedent.
Number: Singular and plural.
Person: First person (I, we), second person (you) or third person (he, she, it, they).
Gender: masculine, feminine or neuter (sexless).
A singular antecedent (noun) is replaced by a singular pronoun and a plural antecedent (noun) is replaced by a plural pronoun.
Ex.
The dogs tugged on its leash.
Plural antecedent
Singular pronoun
The dogs tugged on their leashes.
Plural antecedent
Plural pronoun
Singular indefinite pronoun antecedents (each, either, anyone, everybody, etc) and singular indefinite nouns (person, student, etc) should be followed by singular pronoun referents.
Everyone has
their
own locker.
Everyone has
his or her
own locker.
Plural indefinite pronoun antecedents should be followed by plural pronoun referents. The indefinite pronouns several, few, both and many always have plural pronouns.
Both do a good job
in his or her
office.
Both do a good job in
their
office.
Some indefinite pronouns (some, any, none, all, most, more, none) can be singular or plural depending on a prepositional phrase.

When the object of the preposition is uncountable a singular referent pronoun is used .
Ex.
Some of the sugar fell out of its bag.


Singular Singular

When the object of the preposition is countable a plural referent pronoun is used.
Ex.
All of the jewels have lost their glow.
Other Indefinite Pronouns
Plural
Plural
Compound subjects joined by and always take a plural pronoun.
Ex.



Problematic Situation-Compound Subjects
When compound subjects (antecedents) are joined by or/nor, the pronoun agrees with the antecedent closer to it.
Ex.

Collective nouns (class, group, jury, etc) take a singular pronoun referent when they refer to the group acting as one unit and take a plural referent pronoun when the members of the group act separately.
Problematic Situation-Collective Nouns
Titles of Single Entities
Agreement Rules to Remember
Plural Form Subjects with a Singular Meaning
Every or Many a
The Number of vs A Number of
Prepositional Phrases

Rule
Jasleen and Sharan made their presentation.
Plural Plural
Neither the director
nor
the actors did their jobs.
Singular Plural Plural
Neither the actors
nor
the director did his or her job.
Plural Singular Singular
Ex.
Ex.
Rule
Gustavo (masculine) slowed to the speed limit when
she (feminine)
saw the police cruiser in the rear-view mirror."


Gustavo (masculine) slowed to the speed limit when
he (masculine)
saw the police cruiser in the rear-view mirror."


Rule
Ex.
The audience gave its opinion on the play.
The term audience is representing one unit so it is treated as singular.
The audience gave their opinion on the play.
The term audience is representing individuals so it is treated as plural.
Single beings such as books, organizations and countries take a singular pronoun referent.
Ex. The Grapes of Wrath (singular) made its (singular) characters seem real.
Plural form subjects such as news, measles, mumps and physics take a singular pronoun referent.
Ex. The news (singular) has lost much of its (singular) sting two days later.
When every or many a is before a noun or a series of nouns a singular referent pronoun is needed.
Ex. Many a girl (singular) wishes she (singular) could sing like Tiny Turner.
When the number of is present a singular pronoun is used and when a number of is present a plural pronoun is used.
Ex. The number of (singular) volunteers increases its (singular) rank daily.
A phrase or clause present between the subject and the verb does not affect the number of the antecedent.
Ex. The can (singular) of lima beans sits on its (singular) shelf.
When a person comes to class, you should have your homework ready.
When a person comes to class, he or she should have his or her homework ready.
First person, second person or third person must be consistent through a sentence. In other words, ensure you distinguish between first, second or third person.
The pronoun ‘he or she’ agrees with the antecedent ‘person’ as both are in third person.
A feminine antecedent is replaced by a feminine pronoun and a masculine antecedent is replaced by a masculine pronoun. Similarly, a sexless antecedent is replaced by a sexless pronoun such as it or its. In other words, ensure you use gender distinctions effectively.
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