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Transcript of Africa 1450-1750
Beginning of Atlantic Slave Trade Why Africans?
More resistant to European disease
Some colonists wanted to stay on good terms with Native American tribes African Kings Selling Their Own People Why?
Participation in triangular trade allowed African
kingdoms to have access to copper, cloth, trinkets, slave beads, guns and ammunition
Many slaves sold were criminals or prisoners of war. 1464-1591
Songhai Empire Sonni Ali made it one of the largest African Empires ever through military campaigns
Ali was strictly Muslim and ravaged non-Muslim parts of Timbuktu Songhai (cont.)
Was successful because it controlled Timbuktu and Djenné
Askia Ishaq II fought and lost to the Saadi Dynasty of Morocco at the battle of Tondibi in 1591.
Moroccans invaded and sacked Gao, Timbuktu, and Djenné due to the fact that they had gunpowder weapons Other Kingdoms
Benin from 1450-1470 expands through Oba Ewuare's military conquests.
Benin, unlike most African kingdoms, was never an exporter of slaves and instead sold pepper, ivory, gum, and cotton.
As opposed to Benin, Kongo sold many of its people to the Portuguese as slaves under Afonso I
They in turn, received Christianity
Kongo ended up in turmoil as a civil war broke out over who would take the throne, the House of Kinlaza or the House of Kimpanzu East Africa
1529-1543 -Ethiopian-Adal War
Ethiopians were backed by Portuguese and Adal Sultanate was backed ny the ottoman Empire.
Essentially a Christian-Muslim war. East Africa (cont.)
1498 - Portuguese arrive on Swahili coast
They attempt to Christianize and economically control the region
1505 - First Portuguese attack led on Kilwa
The Sultanate of Oman eventually drove the Portuguese out and annexed the coast South Africa
The Dutch East India Company establishes a trading post at Table Bay in in the early 1600s and created a permanent settlement there in 1652.
The East India Company tried to expand its farms there by taking land form the native Khoikoi people, but this led to the Dutch-Khoikoi wars
No victor emerged from the wars, but the Dutch assumed a "right of conquest" Recap
#1 Thing to remember: Slave Trade
Demographics: Caused huge drop in male population
Social/Cultural: Lack of males created a more matriarchal society, women rose to power, and polygamy occurred.
Economic: Slave Trade brought African kingdoms great wealth and allowed them to acquire new manufactured goods
Also allowed for disposal of POWs and criminals for a profit.