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Olympic National Park Biomes
Transcript of Olympic National Park Biomes
Biomes What Type of Biome is it? Pre-Dominant Animal Species Flora Flora English Ivy is a climbing vine that grows up tree bark and other roots. The Vines can grow to almost a foot in diameter causing other plants to recieve less sunlight to photosynthesis and grow. The leaves and berries of English ivy are toxic to humans if ingested, but are eaten and spread by birds. This plant can actually harm structures by loosening bricks and also by smothering trees. Flora Fauna The Olympic marmot is a housecat-sized rodent. Adults can weigh 15 pounds or more before they enter hibernation in September or early October. They are often brownish in color when they emerge from hibernation in the spring, and almost black in the fall. Olympic marmots prefer fresh, tender, flowering plants but in the early summer months they will eat roots and sometimes even naw on trees. During the summer months the marmots store up body fat for their winter hibernation by sometimes almost doubling their own body weight.
Fun Fact: This species can only be found at the olympic national Park with almost 90% of their habitats found inside the reserve Fauna The Olympic National Park is a Temperate Rainforest based on the average Temperature and Percipitation throughout the year Why is it a Temperate Rain Forest? Since the park is a mountainous area on the edge
of the pacific ocean it receives almost 140-167 inches
of rainfall per year. The rainfall is caused by the
Rain Shadow effect. As the cold air rises up
the mountains it reaches it saturation point causing
the water vapor to condense and precipitate over
the park. Flora Fauna 1.Canada Thistle (Inv.)
2.English Ivy (Inv.)
3.Black Cottonwood Tree
4.Sword fern Olympic Marmot 1.
Olympic Chipmunk 2.
Short-tailed Weasel 3.
Black-Tailed Deer 4.
Sea Lion 5. Canada Thistle: The Canadian Thistle is a noxious plant (Invasive Plant) brought from Europe that has spread throughout the park. The plants root grow about 2 and a half feet downwards taking much of the nutrient in the soil. This has caused many native plants to die off. The park is worker are trying to contain this plant in fear that it will cause many other plants in the area to go extinct. English Ivy: Black Cottonwood Tree The Black Cottonwood tree can reach height from 80-125ft in the air. Black Cottonwood provides food and cover for a variety of wildlife species, including deer, elk, and beaver. Large birds use the Brachs for nesting areas and various animals rely on the trunk , for homes or storage areas. This tree digs it's roots deep into the ground to hold it firm due to the massive amount of rainfall. The leaves although stretch far and high so that they can acquire the greatest amount of sunlight. Short-Tailed Weasel The Short-Tailed Weasel have a brownish coat with a yellowish-colored underside year-round. These creatures are long and slender, allowing them to fit into nests and burrows of their prey. They are also excellent swimmers that can most often be found near open-water habitats. Their diet consists of squirrels, chipmunks, and other small rodents that can be found in the area. The Short-Tailed Weasel has evolved to have short legs allowing it to swim easier and travel through the underbrush unseen. It can also use its slender body to escape danger and catch prey if necessary. Olympic Marmot Fauna Black-Tailed Deer Black-tailed deer live in and along the Pacific coast. These forests are characterized by cool temperatures and lots of rain, but an overall mild climate. Black-tailed deer do not migrate in response to seasonal changes, unlike some of the other mule deer species. Instead, black-tailed deer often spend their entire life in the same general area. Their diet mostley consists of srubs and acorns. Mature black-tailed deers can weigh from 105 to 200 lb.