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Ping Bui

on 20 January 2014

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Transcript of Nutrition

According to Wikipedia, Nutrition is the process of breaking down food and substances taken in by the mouth to use for energy in the body.
Canada's Food Guide
Canada's Food Guide
During the nutrition portion of theory, I learned about the newly updated Canada's Food Guide. And because I got to review the new food guide I got to see the new serving chart. Therefore, I got to see if I was getting the right serving amounts of each food group. I chose pictures of Canada's Food Guide to represent itself, and a picture of the new serving chart to show the new information I have learned that genders matter. If I was a boy, I would have to eat an extra serving of fruits and vegetables, grain products, and meat and alternatives.
Portion size
Portion size
I chose the portion size chart to demonstrate what I learned to use and go by when I am choosing how much food I am going to eat. Before seeing this chart I wasn't sure how much was one serving so I would usually guess. But I now know how much is one serving for each food group. And I chose the picture of a plate with vegetables, meat and a grain product with measurements to represent what I now know is the correct portions of the food groups. After, I chose the picture of the hand with the tray of fast food as a fun picture. However, the picture does represent how I thought of portions before reading Canada's Food Guide Serving chart. I thought an entire McDonald meal (life size) would be one portion, because I thought I one portion had to be really big (as big as a meal itself).
Macronutrients- Energy Nutrients
I organized my pictures to form a chart. The first row on the left (vertically) representing carbohydrates, middle row representing proteins, and my last row on the right representing fats. Carbohydrates, protein and fats are apart of macronutrients. Macronutrients are the nutrients that provide us with energy. And I learned that we need big portions of this nutrients (macro=big). I have also sorted the photos in the rows into mini groups.
Carbohydrates- top: simple carbohydrates which are quickly digested and provide quick boosts of energy
bottom: complex carbohydrates which provide long-term energy and is digested slowly
Protiens- top: high-quality protein which contains all of the required amino acids
bottom: low-quality proteins which lack in the required amino acids
Fats- top: saturated fats which raise your cholesterol and is solid at room temperature
middle/bottom: these 2 boxes represent the unsaturated fats, which are derived from vegetables and plants. However, the unsaturated fats are divided into Polyunsaturated (middle) and Monounsaturated (bottom). And the best out of the 3 fats are Monounsaturated, having the lower of cholesterol.
Micronutrients- Non-Energy Nutrients
Forming a chart once again, I have created a chart to represent types and examples of micronutrients.
First vertical row is Vitamins: top box represents Water-Soluble Vitamins which dissolve in water and are not stored in your body for later use. And the bottom box represents Fat-Soluble Vitamins which are vitamins that do not dissolve in water and are stored for later use. They can be stored in fat tissue, the liver and the kidneys, and are transported by fat.
Middle vertical row is Minerals: substances not made from living organisms that is essential for everyone in order to develop/grow properly. My examples are calcium, potassium, iron and magnesium, and without all or some, we would have some serious health issues. For example, if you lack in iron you get iron deficiency, or the proper term would be anemia. Because you would lack in iron which deliver oxygen to your red blood cells, you would experience fatigue, dizziness, irritability, etc.
Last vertical row is Water: helping to transport of materials in the body due to the fact hat water is the main liquid in blood. The water will also help to regulate body temperature (e.g. after a work out and your body temperature is high, most people would cool it down with a nice glass or bottle of water). Water also helps the digestive system by breaking food down.
Fast food options
Fast Food options
I chose the picture of the McDonalds logo and a picture of McDonalds Happy Meal with a nutrition chart to display how McDonald has changed their Happy Meal to make it more healthy. They decreased everything but the amount of sugar in it which actually increased. The increase in sugar is a bad change because sugars are just empty calories, our bodies don't really require sugar, because there is natural sugars in most foods we eat anyways (for example: apples).
I chose the nutrition chart from KFC to display a fast food restaurant that has high sodium and cholesterol which is bad for the human body if you have too much of it. The recommended amount of sodium per day for teens and adults is 1500 mg while KFC`s Chicken-Breast is a whopping 1050 mg. Taking in too much sodium can raise your blood pressure and cause major health risks, (e.g. stroke, heart disease and kidney disease).
I chose the chart of Wendy's sandwiches to represent a fast food restaurant with overall high calorie, fat and sodium. On average, the sandwiches are unhealthy. They have medium-high calories, high sodium, and medium-high fat.
Although the charts I have chosen may give the impression that all foods from fast food restaurants, some foods in the fast foods restaurants may be healthy. Even though a restaurant has a majority of foods that are unhealthy, you can still enjoy some of the foods that are healthy or eat those unhealthy foods in small proportions and/or eat them very rarely.
Body Image
Body image
I chose the picture of the girls with different body sizes represented as fruit to show we all have different body sizes. There isn't a certain body size that is beautiful, but all of them can be beautiful if you change your perspective.
The picture with the cat looking into a mirror and seeing itself as a lion is an example of changing your perspective to see that you are beautiful.
I chose the picture of a Barbie doll next a regular woman figure to represent how media affects how we think we are supposed to look. The Barbie doll is way too skinny and is not a healthy size. On the other hand, the regular woman is healthier.
The picture of the model compared to the 3 other girls represents the different body sizes once again but in a different way. The model is representation of what the media thinks women should look like. The three other girls are what we really look like
A the bottom on the left, there is a picture of Adele and of Taylor Swift, who both have very different body sizes. Even though Adele is bigger in size than the most of the people on the red carpet, she still inspires others. She did not change her body image just because of her new fame, she stuck with her body size and is inspiring others.
I have learned a great deal about eating healthy and thinking healthy.
I know how to use Canada's Food Guide to plan what I am going to eat.
I know the differences between macronutrients and micronutrients.
I have learned about my fast food options and what to look out for when eating at a fast food restaurant.
I understand how media affects my thinking of what is beautiful and what is not. And how everyone is beautiful in their own way, you jut have to change your perspective.
Media changes our perspective, and sometimes sets us on a impossible and unnecessary quest to change the way we look. Sometimes, in the end we end up hurting ourselves and our health in the progress (e.g. starving ourselves).

The top photo on the left is a picture of birth control pills, which are pills that are taken on a regulated schedule. These pills manipulate the hormones within the females' body to prevent the occurrence of a pregnancy. This is a hormonal type of contraceptive.
The photo on the top right is a photo of a condom, which is a barrier type of contraceptive. The male put's the condom onto the erect penis and the ejaculated sperm is prevented from entering the females' body, by the usually latex physical barrier.
The photograph on the middle left is a sign saying "no sex" which represents the contraception of abstinence. With this method you refrain from sex in order to not become pregnant.
In the middle picture on the right is a diagram of the tubal ligation process. This is when the females' fallopian tubes are clamped, severed, tied, etc, therefore preventing the ovums to ovulate and become fertile. This is a sterilization type of contraceptive.
The bottom picture on the left is emergency contraceptive pill box, this is a pill the female would have to take within 3 days from the time of sexual intercourse.
The bottom photo on the right is a picture of an intrauterine device (IUD) which is a small device that is inserted into the females' uterus. This device prevents any ovums from being released and fertilized.
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