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Transcript of Persepolis IOP
By: Anirudh Sampath
THE EFFECT OF THE ISLAMIC REVOLUTION ON THE IRANIAN SOCIETY
The Sharia Law
The Sharia Law is the laws enforced by the Islamic faith. Examples of laws assosciated with the Sharia Law could be the wearing of the veil, the full-dress or burka having to be worn by women, the need for long beards. These are various examples that Satrapi herself is exposed to and experiences. She has to wear the veil, and be a conformist to the other Iranians around her. The Sharia Law plays an enormous role in the book, and can be considered a central tension in the story.
The Class Structure
The prevalent class structure which separated the upper class families like the Satrapis, and others like Mehri is seen through the beginning of the story. However, the Islamic Revolution appears to completely reshuffle this system. This is seen through the "using" of some people, the "empowerment" of others, and the people disregarding the system during the war.
The Islamic Revolution is seen by the Iranians is many ways to be very bad, however a positive is that the war caused by the Revolution results in an overwhelming pride for their nation. This is seen through their taking of pride in the playing of the national anthem, the deep hatred for the enemies of their country, and the willingness of citizens to die fighting for their country.
Education in the book is one of the several ways that the Sharia Law spreads its influence. They start shutting down the bilingual non-religious schools and forced students to make religion an important part of their daily routines. The focus of the students' studies is changed, and more focus is given to things other than studies.
In the book, the Sharia law severely limits the sources of entertainment for the people of Iran. This forces the Iranians to be very stealthy with their purchases of media options in fear of confiscation. They have to engage in deals for audio-cassettes with vendors of the Black Market, and have to be weary of the police when they engage in their weekly party ritual.
The types of clothing to be worn as per the Guardians of the Revolution, are very limiting with regards to the modernizing of the world. The members of the society are forced to wear clothes that are thought of to be appropriate by the die-hard muslims. This is believed to stop the spread of Western influence and the idea of Modernism, which only causes for more rebellion.
Importance given to Piousness or Devoutness
As a result of the Sharia Law caused by the Islamic revolution, religion is made the prime focus of the society. This prime focus forces Marjane to change her behaviour accordingly, and we see this apparent change during several parts of the story.
The kids' confused states of mind
Marjane and her friends show their confusion as to the relevance of their activities within the school setting. They seem to "joke" and make light of the very strenuous situation at hand. This attitude of theirs is seen at several points in the graphic novel.
The Shutting Down of Bilingual Schools in Iran
The focus of schooling in Iran is entirely shifted towards the war effort.
Marjane's Personal Rebellion
Throughout the story, Marjane talks about her rebellious acts, which is seen through the smoking of the cigarette, the dislike of wearing the veil, the buying of the illegal cassettes, and her refusal to dress like all people around her.
The shutting down of Iranian Universities
The apparent shift of focus in school is also seen with the assignments that Marjane is seen doing,
The Using of Religion as means to manipulate the population
In the story, Marjane and her family experience at different times the usage of religion as means of blackmail. This is seen done to the lower-class who turn to their religion as the only means of stability in their lives.
The apparent empowerment of some people by the rise of theocracy
Some people in the book are seen to be empowered and prosper in the new system than they did in the time of the Shah. Some examples are the Guardians of the Revolution, and the window washer man.
Her Uncensored expressing of Ideas
At many points in the story, she makes her points clear to her teachers, and often gets reprimanded for this attitude. She is seen freely expressing her point of view at several points in the story, specifically when she engages herself in classroom discussion.
Her Blatant Rebellious Actions against people imposing laws on her
There are numerous instances within the story, where Marji baltantly breaks all of the rules set before her. Some examples are of her smoking of the cigarette, the wearing of Western merchandise, and the displaying of jewelery.
Her indulgence in the illegal acquiring of cassettes,
The family's participation in the weekly parties and get-together s which were prohibited.
The family is seen drinking alcohol which is now proclaimed illegal.
The laws for clothes according to the religion of Islam, are very limiting.
With the new fundamentalist regime, the goods from the west are banned.
There is no scope for challenging the Sharia law, and the fundamentalists resort to violence.
Religion is made a very important part of every day life, and Marjane is forced to lie about her activities during her spare time.
The change from liberalism to fundamentalism gives Marji doubts about her future goals.
Due to the nature of her country, she is torn between modernism and fundamentalism.
Religion is used by the "Guardians" of the Revolution as means by which they can increase their enrollment for the army with child soldiers.
A soldier from the front lines describes the tactics used by the army on the poor, young children.
The kids promised good lives in the afterlife are so very inexperienced and die with these false pretenses in mind.
The Fundamentalists now play important roles in society as "Guardians of the Revolution"
Satrapi challenges the statement made by the teacher regarding the political prisoner situation in Iran.
The placement of supposed religious persons in important administrative roles.
Satrapi smokes the cigarette to rebel against her mother's dictatorship.
Satrapi purposefully wears all of the clothing that is prohibited, showing her rebellious nature.
She specifically wears all of the jewelery that she has been told not to before.
The Pride that she has in her country, specifically anthem
She shows enormous pride for her nation when the national anthem is sounded on the television. She and her parents start weeping for it had been a while since hearing it last.
She cries with her parents during the airing of the national anthem in television.
She expresses her beliefs regarding the retaliation by Iran to the bombings carried out by Iraq.
Her wishing ill of her country's enemies
Shortly after the bombing raids commencement, she shows her displeasure regarding the situation and calls for reaction. She wants for Iraq to suffer for attacking Iran, and expresses this statement while talking to her parents.
The little boys whom Marji is forced to take care of are depicted as being oblivious of the situation and unreasonable.
Later, Marjane sees the "torture" sessions and all of the other activities to be sources of laughter.
The Ignorance of the Children with respect to the severity of the situation
Satrapi shows the mindsets of Marji and her friends, and depicts their lack of seriousness during a time of war. They are shown to be completely oblivious to what is occurring around them.
Mrs. Nassrine's child does not appear to realize the gravity of the situation and is instead focusing on relatively trivial things.
Nuances of the Text
She shows the use of:
Different speech bubbles
Various forms of transition
Distances of Framing
Angles of Framing