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American Character & Belief System
Transcript of American Character & Belief System
Write a well-developed response to the prompt that I have provided you 1630 John Winthrop & the "City Upon a Hill" Lesson Plan Purpose & Objectives To what extent did John Winthrop's "A Model of Christian Charity" provide a powerful and workable founding vision? 1.) Describe the process by which Puritan communities established order and solidarity 2.) Work in groups to create an appropriate explanation of the selection 3.) Defend an argument about whether or not Winthrop's sermon carried appropriate values for his Puritan community 4.) Explain the consequences of follwoing or violating the precepts in his sermons 5.) Debate whether his phrase "We shall be as a city upon a hill" has become identified with American Exceptionalism Activities 1.) Together we will read John Winthrop's sermon to his congregation
I will ask you questions as we read & assist in any vocabulary issues 2.) Discussion Questions
Describe the meaning and importance of the covenant described by Winthrop
What specific behaviors did Winthrop expect of the colonists who were part of the covenant?
What would be the consequences of failure to keep the covenant with God?
How did Winthrop hope to hold together his community?
How effective was Winthrop's use of the "city upon a hill" analogy? 3.) Group Work
You will be divided into 3 groups
Each group will be identified as either religious, legal, or secular (separate from religion)
Briefly discuss whether this speech has been incorporated into the idea of American Exceptionalism Historical Background John Winthrop was chosen as governor for the Massachusetts Bay colony He wrote a sermon for his 900 congregants on a ship headed for N. America He intended for his words to focus, challenge, and inspire the little community For generations, his words offered insight into the dreams and goals of the colony SURVIVAL Survivial was paramount to the concerns of those who risked the journey from Europe They brought deep religious convictions that would be reflected in their governing body Winthrop's "A Model of Christian Charity" was meant to remind his flock of their roots Importance of maintaining adherence to Biblical precepts Working together as a community Their survival & success would prove their devotion & obedience to God goal: 1776 Declaration of Independence 1787 The Constitution Tocqueville's "Democracy in America" Lincoln's "Gettysburg Address" Kennedy's Inaugural Address MLK's "I Have a Dream" Obama's "Yes, We Can" Guiding Questions
What are the major ideas expressed in the Declaration of Independence?
What are some of the sources for the language & ideas found in the Declaration? Lesson Plan Structure of the Declaration Activity #1 Activity #2 Origins of Ideas Guided Reading - Introduction
I will model how to decipher language
Explain its meaning & significance
Why it is there
Why is it important Student Reading
Read the declaration of rights section
Right to revolution
Identify & locate the 3 concepts in the text
Re-write the concepts in your own words & explain how they relate to the struggle between the English & American colonists Group Reading - Charges Against the King
Each team will be assigned a group of charges
You are to decipher each charge & then report back to the class the meaning in your own words Background Info Group Work - 4 Groups
1.) Each group will be assigned a specific document to analyze
2.) You will look for phrases or evidence in the document that is also included in the Declaration of Independence
3.) You will then explain the differences/similarities between the source & the Declaration Class Presentations
1.) Each group will present their findings to the class, so that everyone can complete the chart
2.) Class Discussion afterwards Declaration Pledge Sheet Activity How & why did Americans' view of their nation change from the drafting of the Articles of Confederation to the ratification of the Constitution? Background Info "With our fate will the destiny of unborn millions be involved." "We are placed among the nations of the earth and have a character to establish." The War of Independence had been won.
Now the independent colonists had to establish a nation
What would be the character of the new nation?
How would it govern itself? Delegates met in Philadelphia in May of 1787 They recognized that the Articles of Confederation did not allow Congress to face the problems of the young nation The very existence of the "United" States was in jeopardy:
Disputes with Britain & Spain
Quarrels among the states
Grave economic issues During the hot, 4-month process, delegates reached compromises regarding:
Electing the President
Trade & Tariffs
Ratification process During the struggle for states to ratify the Constitution, the Bill of Rights was born Although the Constitution reflected an identity that was British in its origins, its flexible & enduring framework laid the foundation to meet new needs and conditions Democratic nations around the world have based their constitutions upon ours It both reflects & shapes our American identity Inquiry Why was good government needed to ensure American independence? "An Ode for the 4th of July 1788"
How many years after the Declaration of Independence was the poem written?
What vision of the future does this poem project?
What do you think the poet menas by "Wisdom and Valour shall my rights defend?"
What is the importance of good government?
What do you think the poet means by the last two lines - "And let the PEOPLE'S Motto ever be, "UNITED THUS, and THUS UNITED - FREE'"? Observation