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The Cambodian Music Ensemble

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Anjelyn Baylon

on 28 June 2015

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Transcript of The Cambodian Music Ensemble

Roneat Dek
The roneat dek is a Cambodian metallophone. It is an ancient instrument made of metal and is used in the pinpeat ensemble. It is believed to have originated from the Royal Courts before the Angkor period. This instrument is rarely covered with ornamentation on either the bars or the sound box. The roneat dek is analogous to
the ranat ek lek of Thailand.
The Cambodian Music Ensemble
Roneat Thong:
The roneat thong is a tuned percussion instrument made of wood. The sound box of the roneat thong is made of tropical hardwood, using woods such as “khnor”​, “neang nung” or “sraloa”. This particular wood when carved into a sound box has a good resonance. The wound box known as the “snouk” is carved into a rectangular boat-shape.

Roneat Ek
The roneat ek is a percussion instrument that is tuned to pitch and is quite similar to a xylophone. It is built in the shape of a carved, rectangular boat. The sound bars are made of bamboo or wood and are suspended from strings attached to the two walls and this helps the resonance of the bars. The sound box is made of a hardwood called “beng” or “neang nung” and consists of two long walls and two short walls, called “snok​khawl” .​ The base of the sound box is called “cherng peng”
The samphor is used to lead the orchestra. This instrument is made of hardwood such as “khnor” or “koe koh” “rang” or ”beng” It is barrel-shaped and is always held horizontally. It has two heads, with one slightly larger than the other.
The samphor, placed in a horizontal position on a small support to make it high enough for a seated musician, is played using the palm of the hands.
Skor Thom
The skor thom is a bass drum and is used in most of the popular Khmer orchestras. It is made of hardwood such as “khnor”​ or “chreh”which produces a high quality sound. Unlike other drums which are beaten with the hands, the skor thom is struck with two wooden sticks.
The skor thom represents the sound of thunder and when used in classical dance music, provides the basic rhythm for the dances to follow. These drums are placed at the front of the orchestra, as they are considered to be the dominant instruments.
The Cambodian music ensemble or orchestra is called the Pinpeat Ensemble
It usually consists of nine to ten instruments, mostly wind and percussion
The Pinpeat orchestra or musical ensemble performs the ceremonial music of the royal courts and temples of Cambodia
It accompanies court dances , masked faces, shadow plays and religious ceremonies.
The Pinpeat is analogous to the piphat ensemble of Thailand
Instruments Used:
Roneat Dek
Roneat (xylophones)
Roneat ek- the lead high pitched bamboo xylophone
Roneat thong- a low-pitched xylophone
Roneat dek- a metal xylophone or a metallophone
Skor Thom- two big drums (similar to taiko drums) played with drumsticks
Samphor- a double-headed drum played with hands
Kong Vong Toch- is a number of gongs that are attached to a circle-shaped rack
Kong Vong Thom- plays a melodic line in the Cambodian pinpeat ensemble almost identical to that of the roneat thung (large xylophone).
Chhing- finger cymbals
Roneat Thong
Roneat Ek
Skor Thom
Kong Vong Thom
The kong vong thom has both large and small versions of the instrument. The circular frame of the kong is made of bamboo and the round gongs are hung horizontally by cane strings across two bamboo frames on the upper of the structures. There are sixteen gongs made of brass, which produce a pleasant, mellow sound. The pitch varies according to the size the gong plate. Each gong plate has four holes through which are laced pieces of string made of cow or other animal skin. In the center of each plate is a small knob which is often referred to as the “doh” ​.
Kong Vong Thom
Kong Vong Toch
The kong vong toch is a tuned percussion instrument with a distinctive cart-wheel shape. The instrument frame is made of four strips of cane, hardwood or ivory. The four strips are cut and heated over a flame in order to bend them to the right shape. Supporting the two main semicircular frames are the “chierng tien” or struts. The chierng tien is also used to make enough space for the gongs to hang without touching the frame or the other gongs. At either end of the frame is an ornamental carved piece of wood known as “khawl” of “khbang”​
Kong Vong Toch
The chhing is a simple percussion instrument. Made of brass mixed with copper, it consists of two kinds of metal, the sound produced is much sharper than if only one is used. The chhing is popular in a variety of folk ensembles, despite being a small, simple instrument with only two sounds

Made by: Group 2
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