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Savanna

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by

Kevin Park

on 17 October 2013

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Transcript of Savanna

Savanna
Savanna Animals
Ostrich
African Elephant
Wildebeest
Baboons
Grant's Zebras
Adaptations:
Wings-used for attracting mates, shade for chicks, insulation,
Ostrich wings are not used for flying
Long and Strong Legs- used for running from predators at up to 70km/hour
Heart- their heart pumps blood fast and efficiently through four main veins
Eggs- strong and durable, thick
Behavioral Adaptations:
Eating Rocks- the lack of teeth causes them to eat rocks so that they can digest food and absorb nutrients quickly from their diet of assorted plants
Camouflage- laying on the ground with their head and neck flat to the sand cause them to blend in from a distance
Physical Adaptations:
Ears- contain many blood vessels to release body heat and keep the elephant cool
Trunk- used to help suck up water and squirt it back into their mouth, pick up objects, bath themselves, and for communication
Tusks- used to carry food and other objects, can be used as a weapon to fight off predators
Sense Adaptations:
Hearing- poor hearing
Sight- poor vision, many long eye lashes to keep dust and debris out of eyes
Smell- very sensitive, can sense water by sniffing the ground
Adaptations:
Body Shape- Larger head and horns that curve in an outwards direction to fight of predators, slimmer back end
Prey- eat Zebras, Gazelles, and other grazing animals
Synchronized Breeding- all calves born near the same period of time so that more can survive and the weak die off
Contain Water for Long Periods- travel often for long distances with out water sources, help to survive without constantly needing water
Physical Adaptations:
Long Legs- help to run swiftly and escape potential predators
Behavioral Adaptations:
Live Near Water Sources- need water constantly
Move in Herds- helps to protect one another
Herbivores- plentiful in their environment, easily accessible
Yellow Baboons
Olive Baboons
Both types have similar adaptations that include:
Troops- groups of up to 150 baboons for protection consisting relatives
Facial expressions, Vocal, and Physical Signals- used to warn troops of approaching predators
Omnivorous Animal- due to constant travel they must eat what is available
-small animals
-plants
-fruits
Large, Long heads with pouches- used to store and hold food
Large, Bushy Brow- protects eyes
Sharp, Long Teeth- males use to protect the troops and fight predators
Two main types of Baboons:
Plant Life in the Savannas
Bermuda Grass
Acacia Senegal
Kangaroo

Paws
Manketti Tree
Whistling Thorn
Adaptations:
Strong Resilience- due to dry environment that creates fire, many grazing animals, and occasional flooding
Deep Root System- caused by the dry, crusty upper ground level, roots dig deep to find water sources
Rhizomes- help growth even in drought, produce seeds to be taken by other animals or plants
Adaptations:
Growth in dry regions- low tolerance to cold, wet environments, grows best in hot, dry environments
Can go long periods of time in drought
Large and Shady- can create shady, cool areas during certain times of the day, used as a habitat and food source for surrounding wildlife
Adaptations:
Bright Colored Flowers- attract surrounding animals to perch on the plant and take pollen, to eventually create the growth of more
Tiny hairs- give off a nasty taste to anything that might try to eat it, capture water to hold in the dry climate
Sturdy Stem- easily accessible and sturdy enough for a bird to perch on
Sandy or Gravely Soil- grows best between August and October, dry soil with gravel and sand, dry environment
Savanna Climatogram
Latitude - 15° F North - 30° F south
Longitude - 15° F West - 40° F West

By
Kevin Sykes
Kevin Park
Tayler Flanders
Jacob Palmer
Adaptations:
Dropping Leaves- help to conserve water in the winter
Large Trunk- holds water and stores it
Thick Bark- helps to resist fires
Long Taproot- grows deep in the ground to try and find water when resources are low
Adaptations:
Evolved Leaflets- turn towards sun when needed or turn away to reduce transpiration, drop to conserve water
Home to ant colonies- ant colonies are attracted and live inside the plant warding off other animals with their bites
Bibliography
Northern Austrailia
Brazil
Venezuela
The Serengeti Plains of Tanzania
Columbia
"African Elephant." African Elephant. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Oct. 2013.
"The African Elephant." African Elephant. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Oct. 2013.
"Baboon." (Papio). N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Oct. 2013.
"Climatograph - Grassland Savanna." Climatograph - Grassland Savanna. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Oct. 2013.
"Designeranimals - Ostrich." Designeranimals - Ostrich. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Oct. 2013.
"Gnu Landscapes." Gnu Landscapes. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Oct. 2013.
"Importance of Preservation - Biome: Savanna." Biome: Savanna. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Oct. 2013.
"Savanna Climate." Savanna Climate. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Oct. 2013.
"Savanna Plants." Savanna Plants. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Oct. 2013.
Where the Savanna's are
Abiotic Factors

The savanna has very different seasonal changes between the dry and wet seasons

Dry (winter) wet (summer)

times: May-Oct. Dec. - Mar.
Precipitation: 4 in. 15in. - 25in (Humid)
Temperature: 70° F 85° F (Max 125° F)

Sunlight - 10- 12 hours a day

Soil - tropical savannas have unfertile soil
- South East Asia is more fertile than most other savannas
- dry inland soil is mainly cracked clay
Savannas are globally protected as preservation and national parks. However, decreasing funding for these areas allow less protection and preservation.
Southern Africa makes one of the most diverse places to visit the savanna biome. The savanna makes up 46 percent of southern Africa and more than 33 percent of South Africa.
Kruger National Park, Kalahari Gemsbok National Park, and Hwange National Park are some of the biggest national parks dedicated to savannas.
The biggest dangers for savannas currently and in the future are the act of poaching and hindrance from tourists. Savannas are famous among poachers for its rare and multitude of animals. Although the most savannas are helped in preservation by the number of tourists who wish to go to these places for trips for safaris, these tourists are also a hindrance to these biomes as their tours interrupt the animals’ natural habitat and ecosystem.

Chacma Baboons
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