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Dissociative Identity Disorder

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Madison Guttroff

on 15 April 2016

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Transcript of Dissociative Identity Disorder

Dissociative Identity Disorder
Bates Motel
Oedipus complex
From Episode 1, Norman displays small signs of the Oedipus complex
He protects his mom by killing Sam Bates, his abusive father
He kills Keith Summers after he rapes his mother
He shows greater signs in Season 3
His mom tries asks her friend, who is a psychologist, to talk to Norman and he uncovers Norman wants to have sex with Norma. After revealing this, Norman lashes out and attacks the man.
Evidence of dissociative personality disorder
Starting in Season 3, Norman starts to show very clear signs of this disorder.
In Season 4, Norman decides to run away with Bradley and is shown "transforming" into his mother by the camera to emulate the fact that he is changing personalities. He (as Norma) kills Bradley because he "isn't good for Norman" and then is shown turning back to himself and he states, "Mother, what have you done?" This demonstrates that he in unaware of the actions he, Norman, committed.
intro info About Norman
Norman Bates is an 18 year old male who moves to a new town with his mother Norma. On the outside, he appears to be charming, smart, and quiet; however, he shows clear signs of possessing a mental disorder as the show continues.
By: Madison guttroff, kenzie peterson, and megan mcgillis
Norman Bates in
His brother, Dylan, walks downstairs one morning to find Norman cooking breakfast in their mother's robe. When he confronts him, Norman thinks he is Norma and asks Dylan to wake up Norman for breakfast.
* video clip shown in next slide
More signs of dissociative identity disorder
*video link shown in next slide
Unhealthy relationship with his mother
Treatment plan
Although there is no cure for this disorder, cognitive behavioral therapy and psychotherapy may help considering there is no medication for the disorder. Psychologists have been able to determine that the anxieties in ones life are what cause the symptoms from dissociative identity disorder.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Norman
Cognitive behavioral therapists assist the person living with dissociative identity disorder by working one-on-one with the person in order to get passed the traumatic experience they have endured. In Normans case, the abuse he witnessed his father inflicting upon his mother influenced his altering personalities. If Norman were to willingly take part in this type of therapy, he would work with a therapist to identify the traumatic experience that results in the alternating personalities and reshape his thinking and attitude towards those thoughts. By becoming aware of this thoughts and emotions, Norman would be able to adjust his behavior.
Psychotherapy for Norman
Another helpful treatment for people with dissociative identity disorder is psychotherapy. Psychodynamic therapists believe that the symptoms seen in people with dissociative identity disorder are defenses against the anxiety caused by unacceptable impulses. The one-on-one attention provided through this therapy makes it possible to identify the triggering traumatic experience that is causing Norman so much anxiety and then working to consolidate the multiple personalities. Norman needs to work with a therapist in order to identify and understand the traumatic experience he went through with his father and what triggers the anxiety associated with it. Once that is identified, the therapist will help Norman process his feelings associated with the triggers, regulate his emotions towards the event, and control his harmful actions towards others.
Two or more personalities
Amnesia/memory gaps
After killing/"episodes"
Symptoms cause high stress and are not results of drugs/alcohol
Norman and his mother love each other very much. However, Norma is an over-protective mother and attempts to hide Norman from his disorder by covering up his misdemeanors with other stories. This causes him to be skeptic and distant and believe that Norma may be the one with a disorder (because Norma is a bad liar). Because of Norman's reaction, Norma only pulls him closer, causing Norman to push her away even more. This never-ending cycle is what causes their relationship to be unhealthy.
Treatment Plans that won't be successful
There is no medication that will be successful in curing or lessening the disorder because it is not caused by a chemical imbalance in the brain. It hasn't been proven what causes the disorder, but studies have shown that medication has no positive affect.
Behavior therapy applies learning principles to the elimination of unwanted behaviors. This would not work because Norman cannot learn to fix his disorder if he is unaware of his dual personality. When it was revealed to him later in the show that he does horrible things when he blacks out, Norman doesn't believe it, denying that anything like that could happen and placing the blame on other people.
Cognitive therapy teaches people new, more adaptive ways of thinking; based on the assumption that thoughts intervene between events and our emotional reactions. This would be unsuccessful because there is no thought process or emotion involved when Norman switches personalities; it is automatic.
This therapy would not be effective for Norman because the six necessary conditions required for this technique would not be fulfilled. Norman would not be able to come to terms with two of the conditions:therapist-client psychological contact and client perception. Norman is unwilling to accept there is something wrong with him and pushes people away violently when they insist otherwise. It is important that the patient believes the therapists to be understanding and competent. For example, when Norman was first introduced to the psychologist who knew Norma, he denied everything, called him incompetent, and then attempted to strangle him.
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