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The Khmer Empire
Transcript of The Khmer Empire
Srivijayan empire (green)
Champa empire (yellow)
Tang dynasty (orange) Thai Vietnamese Malay Chinese Religion Influenced by Indian traders Hinduism Buddhism Mahayana Theravada Extent 802-1431 Basic Facts Active in Ankor, Cambodia Built and prayed in temple Decline Spread across Malaysia
Language List of Kings 1. Jayavarman II
2. Jayavarman III
3. Indravarman I
4. Yasovarman I
5. Harshavarman I
6. Ishanavarman II
7. Jayavarman IV
8. Harshavarman II
9. Rajendravarman II
10. Jayavarman V
11. Udayadityavarman I
13. Suryavarman I
14. Udayadityavarman II
15. Harshavarman III
17. Jayavarman VI
18. Dharanindravarman I
19. Suryavarman II
20. Dharanindravarman II
21. Yasovarman II
23. Jayavarman VII
24. Indravarman II
25. Jayavarman VIII
26. Indravarman III
27. Srei Jayavarman
28. Jayavarman IX
29. Trosok Peam
30. Nippean Bat
31. Lompong Racha
33. Borom Reachea I
34. Thomma Saok
35. Barom Reachea II Every King had a temple erected in their name Temple dedicated to Jayavarman V Temple dedicated to Rajendravarman Temple dedicated to Jayavarman VII Ankor Wat was dedicated to Suryavarman II -The last temple built was for Borom Rechea I -The last rock edict was engraved in 1327 Loss of information The empire adopted Theravada Buddhism Theravada Buddhism Reasoning for all activities
Craving is suffering
Binds you to the cycle of life
Concentration on the '5 Hindrances' Aditya Krishnan Kings gave up 'worldly powers' Natural phenomenon of backward flow Every year, the Tonle Sap Lake stops flowing South and flows into the Mekong Delta instead. Natural Phenomenon Reflow causes flooding in forests and riverbanks Floods destroy crops Lack of food Backward flow causes lack of water in areas near Tonle Sap River Crops are hit with drought Loss of life Ayutthaya Kingdom Siamese kingdom
Flourished near decline of Khmer empire India
France Gained immense wealth by trading and having powerful contacts (e.g. King Louis XIV of France)
Became one of the richest and largest kingdoms in the world Became the rival of the Khmer empire Launched invasions and attacks on the Khmer empire Angkor was ruled by Siamese nobles loyal to Ayutthaya Established friendly links with traders from The Black Death Ring a ring o' roses,
A pocket full of posies,
We all fall down
Ring-a-ring o' roses,
A pocket full of posies,
We all fall down Only Sanskrit edicts engraved on the walls remained
The tropical climate degraded all the literature written on pollen leaf The plague epidemic that devastated 60% of Europe spread from China in 1330 24 million Asians died before the plague reached Europe The Black Death destroyed much of the population of Angkor and the Khmer Empire Thanks for watching!
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