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Afghanistan

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Aiyana Carroll

on 28 May 2013

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Transcript of Afghanistan

Resources Common species Classification *Asiatic black bear Phenotype Phenotype *Snow leopard Afghanistan Gazella Bennettii (Chinkara) scientific name: Chinkara
The Gazella Bennetti live in desert,dry areas like arid plains.
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Bovidae
Subfamily: Ant Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Bovidae
Subfamily: Antilopinae
Genus: Gazella
Species: G. bennettii flag: Symbol: Gazella Bennettii lives in arid plains that are dry,and desert like. Pygym Gerbil(Gerbillus henleyi Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Rodentia
Superfamily: Muroidea
Family: Muridae
Subfamily: Gerbillinae live in arid areas,desert like known as sand rats 3 Toed dwarf Jerboa (Salpingotus michaelis) ingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Rodentia
Superfamily: Dipodoidea
Family: Dipodidae Endangered Species Snow Leopard (Uncia Uncia) Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Felidae
Subfamily: Pantherinae
Genus: Uncia (disputed) this animal usually lives in mountain ranges Asiatic Black Bear (Ursus Thibetanus) Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Ursidae
Genus: Ursus
Species: U. thibetanus Black bears typically inhabit deciduous forests, deserts, mixed forests and thornbrush forests. live in arid areas,desert like *3 Toed Dwarf Jerboa They have long hind legs, very short forelegs which causes them to be able to jump high primarily used for climbing and digging *Gazella Bennettii by the size of their horns you can tell if they are male or female, also they use them for fighting teeth used for grabbing, ripping, tearing, and shredding meat. *Pygym Gerbil their brown colored fur helps them blend into the sand and hide from predators Water Water is important because that is what keeps all living organisms alive. Without a sustainable amount of water then there wouldn’t be enough water and then less living organisms would be in that area. If there was too much water then it would change their habitat. The area would be a lot wetter which would change the area at which they are use to. If water was gone then everybody include the animals would abandon the area that they lived in and migrate to a new area. Plants Oil Plants are important because plants put oxygen in the air and take carbon dioxide out of the air. Without this cycle all living organism would be all out of whack.Plants are also a food resource for mammals so without plants than there wouldn't be any herbivores causing the carnivores to eat each other and then the humans wouldn't have anything to eat. In Afghanistan oil is an important resource and a great source of income. Wolf Snow leopard Blue Sheep grass hare ibex vulture
(found in all levels) 3 toed dwarf jerboa insects grass short eared owls blanford fox coyotes bears small birds insects asiatic black bears humans seeds squirrels nuts gazella bennettii golden jackal humans grass bengal tiger mice vultures
(found in all levels) The end Microorganism pygym gerbil feral dog asiatic cheetah human insects grass coyotes Food Webs Some things i would consider in most populated areas are safety regulations.There are a lot of aggressive animals so they should try to keep the people out of the animals area as much as they can.Also they're a lot of rodents there which carry diseases so they should have some health regulations. A. http://ecommons.aku.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1104&context=pakistan_fhs_mc_bbs B. Combating Diseases in Afghanistan
In Afghanistan some of the diseases are Hepatitis A, Hepatitis E, Cutaneous Leishmaniasis and Plague. Most of these diseases are food or waterborne so they are carried from other countries, mainly Africa. Hepatitis A is viral disease that interferes with the functioning of the liver. It spreads through consumption of food or water contaminated with fecal matter, principally in areas of poor sanitation; victims exhibit fever, jaundice, and diarrhea; 15% of victims will experience prolonged symptoms over 6-9 months. The way of curing this disease is using the vaccine that they made to defeat Hepatitis A is Havrix contains viral antigen and aluminum hydroxide (an adjuvant) with amino acid supplement in a phosphate buffered saline solution, polysorbate 20 (an emulsifier). The virus is propagated in human diploid cells. It also has neomycin (an antibiotic). Twinrix is a combination vaccine that is intended to protect against both hepatitis A and hepatitis B. It is manufactured using MRC-5, which was derived from a cell line that was developed in 1966 from lung tissue taken from a 14-week aborted fetus and contains viral antigens, yeast, aluminum phosphate, aluminum hydroxide, neomycin and formalin (formaldehyde and water). The plague bacterial disease transmitted by fleas normally associated with rats; person-to-person airborne transmission also possible; recent plague epidemics occurred in areas of Asia, Africa, and South America associated with rural areas or small towns and villages; manifests as fever, headache, and painfully swollen lymph nodes; disease progresses rapidly and without antibiotic treatment leads to pneumonic form with a death rate in excess of 50%. Giving vaccines to everyone in the area until the gene just lives the society. Hepatitis E is waterborne viral disease that interferes with the functioning of the liver; most commonly spread through fecal contamination of drinking water; victims exhibit jaundice, fatigue, abdominal pain, and dark colored urine. To kill HEV, one has to take the same measures that are used to kill Hepatitis A Virus (HAV) – i.e. by heating to 185 degrees F. (85 degrees C.) for one minute. However, HEV can still be spread from cooked food if it gets contaminated after cooking. Adequate chlorination of water kills HEV that may get into the water supply.Cutaneous Leishmaniasis - caused by the parasitic protozoa leishmania; transmitted to humans via the bite of sandflies; results in skin lesions that may become chronic; endemic in 88 countries; 90% of cases occur in Iran, Afghanistan, Syria, Saudi Arabia, Brazil, and Peru; wild and domesticated animals as well as humans can act as reservoirs of infection. The skin sores of cutaneous leishmaniasis usually heal on their own, even without treatment. But this can take months or even years, and the sores can leave ugly scars. Another potential concern applies to some (not all) types of the parasite found in parts of Latin America: certain types might spread from the skin and cause sores in the mucous membranes of the nose, mouth, or throat (mucosal leishmaniasis). Mucosal leishmaniasis might not be noticed until years after the original sores healed. The best way to prevent mucosal leishmaniasis is to ensure adequate treatment of the cutaneous infection. If not treated, severe (advanced) cases of visceral leishmaniasis typically are fatal. The skin sores of cutaneous leishmaniasis usually heal on their own, even without treatment. But this can take months or even years, and the sores can leave ugly scars. Another potential concern applies to some (not all) types of the parasite found in parts of Latin America: certain types might spread from the skin and cause sores in the mucous membranes of the nose, mouth, or throat (mucosal leishmaniasis). Mucosal leishmaniasis might not be noticed until years after the original sores healed. The best way to prevent mucosal leishmaniasis is to ensure adequate treatment of the cutaneous infection. The skin sores of cutaneous leishmaniasis usually heal on their own, even without treatment. But this can take months or even years, and http://www.telegraph.co.uk/earth/wildlife/8640194/Snow-leopards-by-numbers.html

http://www.indianetzone.com/41/bor_wildlife_sanctuary.htm

http://scienceblogs.com/tetrapodzoology/2009/02/23/long-eared-jerboa-revisited/

http://kids.britannica.com/elementary/art-87566/A-hairy-footed-pygmy-gerbil-rests-on-the-sand-of

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asian_black_bear

http://www.zimbio.com/pictures/7KQNekjVpJC/New+York+City+Central+Park+Zoo+Opens+New+Snow/gi_Oku-pvbXwww.arkive.org/asiatic-black-bear/ursus-thibetanus/image-G113254.html

http://www.ask.com/question/what-eats-snow-leopards

http://snowleopardconservancy.org/kids/text/leopardfood.htm

http://www.factzoo.com/mammal/jerboa-long-legged-desert-rodent.html

http://eol.org/pages/327886/details

http://www.owlpages.com/owls.php?genus=Asio&species=flammeus

http://www.whateats.com/what-eats-a-fox-2

http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/230506/gerbil

http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Gazella_bennettii/


http://www.indexmundi.com/afghanistan/major_infectious_diseases.html work cited
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