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Golden Age of American Literature/ Literary Lights/ Portrayers of the Past
Transcript of Golden Age of American Literature/ Literary Lights/ Portrayers of the Past
Portrayers of the Past The Blossoming of National Literature Political essays, pamphlets, and orations dominated the reading scene of early America Benjamin Franklin's Autobiography After the surge of nationalism resulting from the War of 1812, genuine American literature started to blossom Washington Irving popularized the Knickerbocker Group - a literary group that made actually gave American literature value when compared to that of other countries Much of the new American literature focused on America's landscape Irving - first to receive international acclaim Wrote Knickerbocker's History of New York (1809) - a satire characterizing the Dutch The Sketch Book (1819-1820) - combined English, American, and Dutch themes and tales Created ties between the literary world of England and America James Fenimore Cooper The Spy (1821) - which told of the American Revolution Leatherstocking Tales - unlike his normal stories of the sea in that they were about a noble rifleman named Natty Bumppo Smiliarily to how Irving gained respect from the English as the first American writer, Cooper gained this respect but as the first American novelist the young Puritan William Cullen Bryant "Thanatopsis" (1817) - one of the first, real poems in America Bryant had a love for poetry, but eventually resorted to journalism and created a brand new model for journalism practices Growing Literary Lights Professor Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
-one of the most popular American poets
-wrote for the lower classes Quaker John Greenleaf Whittier Professor James Russell Lowell Dr. Oliver Wendell Holmes Louisa May Alcott and Emily Dickinson William Gilmore Simms Portrayers of the Past George Bancroft William H. Prescott Francis Parkman