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Brown vs Board
Transcript of Brown vs Board
- Dr. Hugh W. Speer of NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Color People, funded all court costs) Arguement Against
Plessy vs Ferguson Case Brown's defense included that "separate but equal" was not relevant
Even if facilities were of equal standards, black children were being deprived of interaction with 90% of the population
Therefore, they claimed that educational aspects should be deemed unequal and should be altered. Supporting Evidence The Board of Education's defense was that, because segregation in Topeka and elsewhere reflected upon many aspects of life, segregated schools were preparing black children for the segregation they would face throughout their lives.
The Board also argued that segregated schools were not actually harmful to black children; great African Americans such as Frederick Douglass, Booker T. Washington, and George Washington Carver had overcome more than just segregated schools to achieve what they achieved. Plessy Vs Ferguson Plessy was arrested for violating the 1890 Louisiana Statute that provided for segregated railroad cars.
The Board of Education utilized the result of Plessy vs Ferguson to establish their own case.
This precedent stated that segregation was acceptable as long as they were "separate but equal" in their learning environment and curriculum. Resolution On May 17, 1954, Chief Justice Earl Warren read the decision of the unanimous Court:
"We come then to the question presented: Does segregation of children in public schools solely on the basis of race, even though the physical facilities and other "tangible" factors may be equal, deprive the children of the minority group of equal educational opportunities? We believe that it does...We conclude that in the field of public education the doctrine of 'separate but equal' has no place. Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal. Therefore, we hold that the plaintiffs and others similarly situated for whom the actions have been brought are, by reason of the segregation complained of, deprived of the equal protection of the laws guaranteed by the Fourteenth Amendment."
58 years later the court reviewed and altered a previous decision. This was the real "spark" of the civil rights movement. Where as a year later, Rosa Parks will stand up for her rights and lead to a year of Bus Boycotts. Causing the supreme court to view segregation in not only education, but also public transportation, unconstitutional. Brown's view Brown vs Board 1954 Supreme Court case The Conflict In Topeka, Kansas, Linda Brown walked one mile to her black elementary school. There was a white middle school, however, within seven blocks. Oliver Brown, her father, attempted to enroll her in the white elementary school. The principal refuse so Mr.Brown turned to the NAACP for aid who then requested an injunction that would forbid the segregation of Topeka's public schools. This Quote demonstrates the nine to nothing vote
by the Supreme Court in favor of Brown Is the term "separate but equal" relevent in the educational system? 1896