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Future tenses FCE
Transcript of Future tenses FCE
e.g. : I'm going to paint the house.
express what is going to happen because there are evidences.
e.g. : She is going to have a baby. Uses suggestion / offer / request
e.g.: Will you take the dog for a walk?
e.g.: You'll be cold if you don't take a coat.
willingness or refusal to do something
e.g. : I will set the table but I won't tidy it.
predictions or speculation about the future (often with verbs such as: think, know, expect, be sure, suppose)
e.g. :I think it will rain tomorrow.
e.g. :It's cold. I'll take a coat. Will
Active / passive Form Active / Passive Form plans in the near future I[...]They +will + verb in infinitive + - I[...]they + won't + verb in infinitive ? Will + subject + verb in inf. ...? be (in present) + going to + infinitive +/- I+ + am
you/ we/ they + are + (not) + going to + infinitive
he/ she/ it + is
I+ + am
you/ we/ they + are + (not) + going to +be + past part
he/ she/ it + is
are + subjects + going to + infinitive ... ?
are + subjects + going to + be + past part ... ?
is Pres. Cont. vs be going to Time Expressions later soon tomorrow tonight next week / month / year same form as with present meaning Present Continuous is not only an intention (as it happens in be going to), it's going to happen for sure. Future Simple + - ? subject + will + be+ verb+ ing subject+ will not + be + verb + ing will + subject + be + verb + ing ...? Uses When we know an action will be in progress at a certain time in the future.
e.g.: I'll be studying from 2.00 to 4.00 this afternoon.
a future action that has been pre-arranged.
e.g.: John will be running in the competition.
Future Perfect Simple + - ? subject + will + have + past participle
subject + will + have + been + past participle subject + will + not + have + past participle
subject + will + not +have + been + past participle Will + subject + have + past participle ... ?
Will + subject + have + been + past participle... ? Uses an activity that will be completed by a certain time in the future.
e.g.: By 7.00 pm, I will have finished my homework Present Simple same form as with present meaning Use an planned future action or series of actions connected with a timetable, a programme or a journey.
e.g.:The concert starts at 8.00 pm.
to be about to
e.g.: I'm about to have a shower I[...]They +will + be + past participle I[...]They +will + not + be + past participle Will + I[...]They + be + past participle ...? future cont. has no passive form Active / Passive Form