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100514 Matic Jerome on Thesis Presentation
Transcript of 100514 Matic Jerome on Thesis Presentation
Mr. Jerome C. Matic
OUTLINE OF THE PRESENTATION
Background about the Aetas
Objectives of the study
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
Image Source: www. tripleespressoshots.blogspot.com
Images Source: www. ust.edu.com.ph
(A) What are the indigenous ways of livelihood processes and community resources of all the Aetas of Payangan, Dinalupihan, Bataan during the years of 2000-2014?
(B) How to define the concept of Indigenous resiliency by which the indigenous processes of Aeta’s of Payangan, Dinalupihan, Bataan is affecting their culture and tradition in the midst of modernity?
(C) What are the feasible alternative livelihood programs for the Aetas of Payangan?
Aetas as an Indigenous People
Aetas on their Culture and Livelihood Processes
Aetas of Bataan, Philippines
The concept of Modernization
Indigenous People on Modernization and Development
The concept of Resiliency
Indigenous People on Resiliency
Factors of Indigenous Resilience
Participation of the Aetas to their Livelihood
(Appadurai, 1998; Abu-Rabia-Queder, 2006; Ting, M et. al, 2008)
Modernity, Time and Space Giddens (1990)
This study employed descriptive design under Qualitative approach of research (Creswell, 2012).
DATA GATHERING TOOLS
Open Ended Interview
Focus Group Discussion
Purposive Sampling (Walliman, 2006)
This study shall observe an ethical practice of social research (Rubin & Babbie, 2014).
mode of analysis
(Ritter & Sue, 2012)
Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) for Socio-Demographic Profile
WEFT QDA for Qualitative Data
Barangay Payangan, Dinalupihan, Bataan
Image Source: http://www.bataantourism.com/map-town.php?t=dinalupihan
Qualitative Data Results
Feasible Alternative Livelihood Programs for the Aetas of Payangan
Abu-Rabia-Queder, S. (2006). Between tradition and modernization: understanding the problem of female bedouin dropouts. British Journal on Sociology of Education, 3-17.
Ahmed, R. (2004). Discerning community resilience. Journal of Psychology, 386-408.
Aksu. (2009). Questionnaries and Interviews in Educational Researches. Enstitüsü Dergisi, 201-216.
Allison, E., Andrew, N., & Oliver, J. (2007). Enhancing the resilience of inland fisheries and forest systems to climate change. ICRISAT.
Appadurai, A. (1998). Modernity at Large: Cultural Dimensions of Globalization. American Journal of Sociology, 1411-1412.
Brosius, P. J. (1993). The Zambales Negritos: Swidden Agriculture and Environmental Change. Philippine Quarterly of Culture and Society, 123-148.
Brugada, A. B. (2011). Delivery of Prenatal Health Education and Pregnancy Outcomes in Selected Aeta Tribes in Bataan. International Journal of Public Health Research, 11-19.
Carino, J. (2005). Indigenous Peoples, Human Rights and Poverty. Journal of Tebtebba Foundation, 28-46.
Creswell, J. (2012). Educational research: Planning, conducting, and evaluating quantitative and qualitative research. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson Education.
Doma , C. M. (2002). The Impacts of Resettlement to Malasa Aetas and its Implications for Future Community Development Programs. UNITAS: Quarterly Scholarly Journal of the University of Santo Tomas, 115-132.
Giddens, A. (1990). The Consequences of Modernity. Cambridge: Stanford University Press.
Neuman, W. (2007). Basics of Social Research: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches . Boston: Pearson and Allyn and Bacon.
Walliman, N. (2006). Social Research Methods. London: SAGE Publications Ltd.
Bachelor of Arts in Sociology, thesis writer
department of sociology
university of santo tomas, manila, philippines
(This photos was taken by the researcher on the data gathering process)
20 Aetas of Payangan
13 Elementary Level
5 No Education
2 High School Graduate
1 Live in/ Cohabiting
10 Born Again Christians
10 Roman Catholic
Livelihood of the Aetas of Payangan
96% Pagtatanim (Farming)
18% Pamumuso (Harvesting Banana buds)
14% Pagbubuho (Bamboo) and Paguuling (Charcoal Making)
12% Selling Vegetables
10% Harvesting Honeybees
2% Manghihilot (Tribal Healer), Ship Cleaner, Garbage Collector
1% Tribal Councilor, Tribal Chieftain and Tribal Health Worker
Alternative Livelihood of the Aetas of Payangan
20% Construction Worker
14% Pagkakayas ng Barbeque Stick (Making of Barbeque Stick)
10% Pagtitinda ng Pulot Pukyutan (Selling honeybees)
2% Pagpapaanak (Tribal Midwife), Nagkakatulong (Household Worker)
ROLES ON THEIR LIVELIHOOD
“Sa Pagtatanim, Pagbubuho tinuruan kami ng mga Ninuno namin”
[Our ancestors teaches us this kind of livelihood particularly in farming, harvesting bamboo]
“Dahil sa kahirapan kaya pinapasok namin trabaho yun nga sa kalalakihan sa Construction tapos ung anak ko babae nag-katulong sa bayan.”
[Because of poverty so that we (Aetas) are landed to this kind of job like the males there are working as Construction Worker and also my daughter working as maid in the nearby town]
“Sa Construction naman may kakilala kaming unat na nagpapasok sa amin sa Lincoln sa Dinalupihan”
[In working as a Construction Worker, there are some people that recommends us to work in Lincoln, Dinalupihan]
PURPOSE ON THEIR LIVELIHOOD AND ALTERNATIVE LIVELIHOOD
“Wala kami pinag-aralan kaya kami pinagsasamantalahan sa pangkabuhayan namin.”
[We don’t have education so that we are abused by the people in our livelihood]
“Ito na kasi nakasanayan namin pangkabuhayan kaya nagsisipag na lang kami maghanapbuhay kasi obligasyon naming na mapagaral ang mga anak ko” [It is our traditional livelihood so that we are diligent enough to provide their education because it is our obligation as a parent]
“Para makatulong sa bawat isa sa aming pamayanan para mapabuti kami katutubo at iyan na ang kinamulatan namin pangkabuhayan” [To help each one of us in our community and to improve our condition as an Indigenous People because it’s our traditional livelihood]
Sustainability on the Community Resources of Aeta respondents
“Kahit naghihirap kami dito sa Payangan, Sapat naman nakukuha namin pagkain basta masipag lang magtrabaho para kumita ng pera at mapag-aral ang mga anak ko.” [Despite of emergence of poverty here in Payangan, we are able to sustain our needs to gather food to eat and so that we are working hard to earn money particularly to send our children to schools.]
“Hindi sapat lalo na kapag may kalamidad lalo pag-bumabagyo, nasisira ang mga pananim sa bundok”[It is not enough to sustain our needs especially in the times of calamity when the typhoon is damaging our crops.]
preservation of the culture to the community
“Opo, pinapanatlili po namin ang aming kultura sa pamamagitan ng pagsasalita ng aming wika (Aeta Ambala), yung mga sayaw at sa aming pangkabuhayan kagaya ng pagtatanim at pamumuso” [Yes, we preserve and continue our culture by speaking in our language (Aeta Ambala), the dances, and to our livelihood especially in farming and harvesting banana buds]
“Oo, sa pagtuturo naming sa mga kabataan ng mga tradisyon namin mga kulot para mapanatili ang aming pamamaraan lalo na sa aming likas na yaman dito sa Payangan” [Yes, by teaching our tradition to the youth for us to maintain the processes in terms in the natural resources here in Payangan]
effect of modernization to their community
Oo, may magandang naidulot naman ang modernisasyon dito sa Payangan dahil nagkaroon ng kuryente at eskwelahan dito at lalo na natututo makihalubilo ang mga kulot sa mga unat dati kasi mga maiilap talaga sila” [Yes, modernization have been beneficial for us because we have electricity and schools here in Payangan, also some of the kulot are learned to interact with other unat and before some of them are elusive to communicate with them]
“Walang magandang naidulot ang modernisasyon dito sa Payangan kasi natuto ng bisyo ang mga kulot tulad ng pag inom ng alak, pagsisigarilyo at pagkanta sa videoke kaya minsan di naghahanap-buhay at di natutugunan ang pangangailangan” [There were no good effects of modernization here in Payangan because some of the kulot learned to drink alcohol, cigarettes and singing at videoke so that some of them are not working and their not supporting the basic needs in the house]
“Hindi pantay-pantay ang pagbibigay ng pangangailangan lalo na sa 4P’s at kami mga kagawad ng tribo walang sweldo sa barangay pero ang mga unat meron” [There’s an inequal distribution of necessities especially in 4P’s. We, tribal councilors, receive no salaries but the unat have]
“Binibigyan kami ng relief goods pag may kalamidad”
[They give us relief goods in the times of calamity]
importance of community resources and livelihood
“Pinapatunayan namin na masipag kami mga kulot at sa pagpapahalaga namin ang likas na yaman kasi dito kami kumukuha ng ikakabuhay lalo na sa pagtatanim at sa pagcoconstruction para matustusan ang pangangailangan ng pamilya ko” [We prove to them that (Kulot) are hardworking in livelihood and we give importance to our natural resources because we get their source of living especially in farming and being an contruction worker for me to sustain the basic needs of my family]
“Bawal magutom ang pamilya kaya dapat ma-diskarte sa pagtatrabaho para makatapos sa pag-aaral ang mga anak ko” [So that my family won’t hunger and for my children to complete their studies, I have to be smart in working]
Resilience of the Aetas of Payangan
Giddens (1990) Modernity, Time and Space
Asst. Prof. Froilan A. Alipao, MCD
department of sociology, thesis adviser
university of santo tomas, manila philippines
Further researches on:
Extensive Ethnographic Method
In-depth research on the socio-political domain of the community
Participatory Action Researches/ Feasibility Studies for the Livelihood, development and well-being of the Aetas of Payangan
Aetas of Payangan