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- Marduk, the sun god, killed her. Gargoyles are dragons protecting a church. Dragon Mythology End... Mesopotamian
Conclusion Aztec Culture
Mayan Culture Ancient Dragon: America The origin
Believed Functions of Organs
Bad omens Ancient Dragon: China Modern Chinese Dragon
Modern Japanese Dragon
Modern American Dragon
Modern European Dragon
Conclusion Modern Dragons Thank You for Listening! 1. Greek: drakon – great serpent
2. Latin: draco – great serpent
3. Old French: dragon – great serpent
4. English (13rd century): dragon – great serpent
5. After the 18th century, dragon refers to the mythological creature.
P.s. Wyrm in Old English Etymology - Bestiary: beast studies
- Edward Topsell (1572 – 1625): an English scholar
best known for bestiary
“The History of Four Footed Beasts, Serpents, and Insects” Woodcuts Dragons do abide in deep caves. Sometimes they emerge from their holes, and beating the air with their wings that forsake the earth and fly aloft. Early Dragons Gilgamesh
Babylon, 2000 B.C. The formation of the earth The multi-headed Tiamat - Heaven and Earth: Tiamat's body
- Mankind: Tiamat's blood
Dragons represented the chaotic,
brutal forces of nature vs. civilization God creates Behemoth and Leviathan
on the fifth day of Creation. - Middle Eastern cultures (Mesopotamian, Egyptian and
Greek) : a gigantic sea serpent
- Hebrew culture: a dragon
- Medieval Europe: a demonic sea creature
- Moby-Dick (1851): a great whale, supreme and
awe-inspiring Leviathan Behemoth and
By William Blake Leviathan in movies In that day the Lord with his hard and great and strong sword shall punish leviathan the fleeing serpent, even leviathan that twisted serpent; and he shall slay the monster that is in the sea. The Hebrew God rules not through conquering everything for mankind, but through law, words, consonants, relationship.
The Hebrew God has been disconnected from nature. (Not a sun god, wind god, sea god, etc.) – A metaphysical god. Greek dragons:
a hero’s quest Hercules slays a dragon in one of his twelve labors.
Jason subdues the dragon that is guarding the Golden Fleece.
Apollo slays a great serpent named Python. European Dragons (Medieval) Christian Europe: Mythical beasts died out except dragons.
In the New Testament, dragons represent Satan.
Medieval Christians accepted dragons as fact.
Disbelieving in dragons was heresy. And I saw an angel come down from heaven, having the key of the bottomless pit and a great chain in his hand.
And he laid hold on the dragon, that old serpent, which is the Devil, and Satan, and bound him a thousand years,
And cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up, and set a seal upon him… Revelation 20:1-2 European dragons came from Lydda (in today’s Israel), a city of the Roman Empire in the 3rd century.
The Lydda people sacrificed their children to appease an invading dragon.
A Christian knight named George killed the dragon to save the king’s daughter.
Lydda converted to Christianity. St. George Saint George and the Dragon
by Paolo Uccello - The Christian hero and the power of his religion
- St. George and English crusaders
- England's patron saint By this, the dreadful Beast drew nigh to hand,
Half flying, and half footing in his haste,
That with his largeness measured much Land.
And made wide Shadow under his huge Waste;
As Mountain doth the Valley over-cast.
Approaching nigh, he reared high afore
His Body monstrous, horrible, and vast,
Which to increase his wondrous Greatness more
Was swoln with Wrath, and Poison, and with bloody Gore. The Fairie Queene (1590)
by Edmund Spencer
Book One: St. George and the Dragon. - Symbols, representing saints, have been widely used in Christian stories, paintings.
- Some symbols feature dragons.
- St. George’s symbols: Saint symbolism St. George's Cross (England)
St. Andrew's Cross (Scotland)
St. Patrick's Cross (Ireland ) The entrance to Hell was depicted as the mouth of a gigantic monster with flame inside.
The damned dropped into the flame.
It first appeared in Northern European culture in the 5th century. Later, it spread to the continent.
Dragons began to breathe fire. Breath of Fire Hellmouth - Beowulf, an established hero and old king, had ruled the Geats for 50 years.
- Dragon invasion
- Beowulf, fatally wounded, killed the dragon.
- Wiglaf chosen as successor The Beowulf Dragon
(8th-11th century) Dragons appear on old maps (occupying the sea) The Vikings put a dragon head on the
prows of their ships.
The dragon heads were
used to scare away sea
monsters and spirits. Viking dragons
(8th-13th century) Gargoyle legend (7th century) The Piasa Cave in Alton, Illinois Let’s go to Mexico Pyramids of Teotihuacan Quetzalli Quetzal coatl Coatl Quetzal coatl “Feathered Serpent".
First documented in Teotihuacan in the first century BC or first century AD.
Farming and agriculture. Quetzalcoatl The wind, the rain and abundance of the earth.
Cycles of human nourishment. In Dragon Form Represented as a man with a beard.
The wind god. Ehetcal God of the wind, Venus, the dawn, merchants , arts and so on.
Highly important planet. Quetzalcoatl in Aztec Culture The Aztec king saw ships.
Within three years, they were destroyed. Rumors Queztcoalt, inspired by the fossil remains of pterosaurs.
Pterosaurs were flying reptiles. The Aztecs Dragon Pterosaurs Known as Kukulcan or Ququmatz. Quetzalcoatl in Maya Four faces x 91 steps = 364 + the top platform.
52 panels. Pyramid of Kukulkan Lóng Huangdi(Yellow Emperor)
Water Snake →->Kiao→ Lóng->
→ kiah-Lóng→ ->Ying-Lóng The Origin of Lóng -Habit
Live in deep water
Born from eggs
Scales in reverse direction
(Yu- lóng-shi) The Nature of Lóng Bones in five colors
Saliva(Ambergris) Believed Functions of Lóng’s Organs Fighting Lóng
Lóng appearing at wrong times/places Bad omens A Symbol of Sin
A Symbol of Natural Force What do dragons represent in the 20th century? They are human’s best companions. Dragons in Chinese and Japanese culture http://www.btchflcks.com/2012/09/women-and-gender-in-musicals-week-mulan.html -Mulan, disguising as a man to join in the army
-Mushu,,a once guardian spirit of Mulan’s family Mulan http://forums.fatakat.com/thread212412 -Chihiro Ogino was trapped in
the spirit world with her family
-Haku, the white dragon, helped her Spirited Away http://images2.wikia.nocookie.net/__cb20110216135552/godzilla/images/2/21/D-War-1187.jpg -Based on a Korean legend
-In Los Angeles of the present
days, the fight begins. Dragon Wars http://rubberstamping.about.com/od/digitalstamps/ss/dragon_digital_stamp.htm Ancient dragons – in western : fearsome
- in eastern: divine
Modern dragons- dragons are their friends
In the future… Comparison Topsell’s description of dragons The Hebrew Bible, 1000 B.C. Joseph Campbell on dragons If you think, “Oh, no! I couldn’t do that!” that’s the dragon locking you in. The dragon is within you.
The hero must slay the dragon to be all he can be.
He kills it not to save the world, but to save himself. In the New Testament, dragons represent Satan.
- Medieval Christians accepted dragons as fact.
- Disbelieving in dragons was heresy. - Dragon invasion in Silene, Libya
- Human sacrifice
- The princess
- George, the Christian knight
- Conversion to Christianity Beowulf, an established hero and old king,
had ruled the Geats for 50 years.
Beowulf, fatally wounded,
killed the dragon.
Wiglaf chosen as successor The Beowulf Dragon
(8th-11th century) Joseph Campbell on dragons - If you think, “Oh, no! I couldn’t do that!” that’s the dragon locking you in. The dragon is within you.
- The hero must slay the dragon to be all he can be.
- He kills it not to save the world, but to save himself.
- What does the dragon mean to Beowulf? Breath of Fire Breath of Fire - It first appeared in Anglo-Saxons culture in the 8th century.
- The entrance to Hell = the mouth of a monster Gargoyle (7th century) La Gargouille: dragon with bat-like wings, a long neck, and the ability to breathe fire from its mouth.
- Gargouille: throat St. Romanus killed it and put its head
on a church
to scare off evils. The Faerie Queene (1590)
by Edmund Spencer
Book One Conclusion:
European Dragons The Faerie Queene (1590)
by Edmund Spencer
Book One American Dragon: Piasa
(9th-12th century) half bird, half fish, half reptile, half mammal half bird, half fish, half reptile, half mammal
Bird of the evil spirit American Dragon: Piasa
(9th-12th century) In 1675, French missionaries and explorers sailed down the Mississippi River.
Piasa paintings on rocks Isaiah 27:1 http://dulemba.blogspot.tw/2013/03/coloring-page-tuesday-keeping-dragons.html -Dragon’s role in human culture has not changed a lot
throughout the years.
-People start to bring themselves close to dragons. Conclusion 1. What does the dragon mean to Beowulf?
2.Do you believe in dragon? Why or why not?
3. Do you know any religion related or worship dragon? QUESTIONS