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Copy of Juice

Bar Management-includes juice definition, history, types, process of making juice, Quality Control
by

Karen Joy Sinday

on 2 October 2012

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Transcript of Copy of Juice

Juice Presented by
Group 5 What is Juice? History Juice
Processing Health
effects Famous
Brands What is Juice? -the natural fluid, fluid content, or liquid part that can be extracted from a plant or one of its parts, especially of a fruit

-It is commonly consumed as a beverage or used as an ingredient or flavoring in foods. History - 4000 BC, Egyptian already master viticulture and the art of wine making.

- European were fermenting fruit juice into bjorr in 11th and 12th century in Scandinavia, Iceland, Greenland and England.

- Viking serves refilled wood and pottery cups with fruits beverage as a symbol of hospitality.

- Its means that the extraction of juice from fruit is an art dating form the earliest records. *Bjorr*
- popular Viking Age drink
- a strong liquor produced from fermented juice commercial modern juice industry 1869,

- when the Welch company of Vineland, New Jersey commenced bottling of unfermented grape juice. It was said the Dr. Thomas B. Welch and his son Charles started fruit juice processing industry.

- They applying the theory of Louis Pasteur for processing of Concord grapes in order to produce an ‘unfermented sacramental wine’. 1859
- soft drinks was invented by mixing fruit juice with other ingredients such as sugar carbonated water and citric acid.

- Juice that could be preserved for long periods of time did not emerge until after Welch introduced the principles of heat sterilization. - This introduced the principle of fruit juice preservation by pasteurization. The industry was slow to develop, although in the US a trend to expansion which commenced in the 1920s accelerated in the 1930s.

- By 1930s, flash pasteurization was developed, and it was during this time that fruit juices emerged as a significant of vitamin C in the public’s eye and began to gain in popularity. Juice Processing 1. Preparation of raw material

- Select mature, undamaged fruits.

- Any fruits that are mouldy or under-ripe should be sorted and removed.

-Peel the fruit and remove stones or seeds. If necessary, chop the fruit into pieces that will fit into the liquidiser or pulper. - There are several methods to extract juice depending on the type of fruit you use. For citrus fruits which are naturally juicy, the best option is to use a hand presser or a revolving citrus 'rose'.
- Some fruits such as melon and papaya are steamed to release the juice. Apples are pressed and fruits such as mango, guava, soursop, pineapple, strawberry must be pulped to extract the juice. The fruit pieces are pushed through a perforated metal plate that crushes and turns them into a pulp. 2. Juice extraction Hand Presser Some fruits can be pulped in a liquidiser and then filtered to remove the fruit pieces. There is a range of equipment available that varies in size and in the type of power supply (some are manual while the larger ones require electricity). For the small scale processor, the Mouli Legume or a hand-powered pulper/sieve which force the fruit pulp down through interchangeable metal strainers is sufficient.
At slightly higher production levels, it is necessary to use a power source to achieve a higher throughput of juice. The multi-purpose Kenwood Chef food mixer, is strongly recommended. This has a pulping attachment that is similar to the Mouli Legume and it can also be used for other operations such as liquidising and mixing. Hand Powered Pulper 3. Filtering
- To make a clear juice, the extracted juice or pulp is filtered through a muslin cloth or a stainless steel filter. Some of the larger filter presses have a filter included.

4. Batch preparation
- When the juice or pulp has been collected, it is necessary to prepare the batch according to the chosen recipe. This is very much a matter of choice and judgement, and must be done carefully to suit local tastes. Juices are sold either pure or sweetened. 5. Pasteurization

- Juices need to be pasteurized at 80-95°C for 1-10 minutes prior to hot-filling into bottles. At the simplest level, this may be carried out in a stainless steel, enameled or aluminum saucepan over a gas flame, but this can result in localized overheating at the base of the pan, with consequent flavor changes.

- It is best to use stainless steel pans to heat fruit juice as the acidity of the juice can react with aluminium in aluminium pans during prolonged heating. Another option is to pasteurize the juices once they have been bottled. The bottles are placed in a hot water bath which is heated to 80°C. The bottles are held in the hot water for the given amount of time until the contents reach the desired temperature. The length of time required in the water bath depends on the size and volume of the bottles. A thermometer should be placed in one of the bottles, which is used as a test bottle per batch, to monitor the temperature and to ensure that the correct temperature has been reached. This method of pasteurization has benefits but also has problems.







Pasteurization times at 80°C for different bottle sizes
Filling and bottling

- the products should be hot-filled into clean, sterilized bottles.
- A stainless steel bucket, drilled to accept a small outlet tap, is a very effective bottle filler.
- The output can be doubled quite simply by fitting a second tap on the other side of the bucket.
- This system has been used to produce 500-600 bottles of fruit juice per day in the West Indies.

- After filling hot, the bottles are capped and laid on their sides to cool prior to labeling. Quality control The freshness and quality of the expressed fruit juice is central to the quality of the final product. As soon as the juice is expressed from the fruit it starts to deteriorate, both as a result of chemical activity (enzyme action) and bacterial spoilage. It is important to move from the juice extraction stage to pasteurization as quickly as possible to minimize any spoilage. - Extracted fruit juice that is left to stand for long periods in the heat will start to ferment and may start to discolor due to enzyme activity.
-The juice should be stored in a refrigerator (if one is available) or in a cool place and away from the direct sunlight.
-It should be collected into a clean, sterile container (food grade plastic buckets is the best option) and covered to keep out dirt, dust and insects.
-For the best quality product ,it is essential to work quickly between the extraction of the juice and the bottling stage.
-The longer the juice is out of the bottles, the more chance there is of contamination. - it is necessary to ensure that the fruit products are correctly formulated and priced to meet the customer's requirements, and that production costs are minimized to ensure that a profit is made.
- The quality of each day's production should be monitored and controlled to ensure that every bottle of juice has the correct keeping and drinking qualities. In particular the following points should be observed: • Only fresh, fully ripe fruit should be used; moldy or insect damaged fruit should be thrown away. All unwanted parts (dirt, skins, stones etc) should be removed. • All equipment, surfaces and floors should be thoroughly cleaned after each day's production.
• Water quality is critical. If in doubt use boiled water or add one tablespoon of bleach to 5 liters of water to sterilize it. If water is cloudy, a water filter should be used.
• Pay particular attention to the quality of re-usable bottles, check for cracks, chips etc and wash thoroughly before using. Always use new caps or lids.
• The concentration of preservative should be carefully controlled for correct preservation of squashes and cordials, and may be subject to local laws. Check first and use accurate scales to measure the preservative.
• The temperature and time of heating are critical for achieving both the correct shelf life of the drink and retaining a good color and flavor. A thermometer and clock are therefore needed.
• The correct weight should be filled into the bottles each time. Types of Juices
Vegetable Juice- is a drink made primarily of blended vegetables. Vegetable juice is often mixed with fruits such as tomatoes or grapes to improve flavor. It is often touted as a low-sugar alternative to fruit juice, although some commercial brands of vegetable juices use fruit juices as sweeteners, and may contain large amounts of sodium.
Examples: Carrot Juice, Tomato Juice, Turnip Juice Types of Juices: •Fruit Juice- is a natural product that contains few or no additives. Citrus products such as orange juice and tangerine juice are familiar breakfast drinks. Grapefruit juice, pineapple, apple, grape, lime, and lemon juice are also common. Coconut water is a highly nutritious and refreshing juice.
Example: Strawberry Juice, Orange Juice, Mango Juice •Smoothie- is a blended and sometimes sweetened beverage made from fresh fruit (fruit smoothie) and in special cases can contain chocolate or peanut butter. In addition to fruit, many smoothies include crushed ice, frozen fruit, honey or contain syrup and ice ingredients. They have a milkshake-like consistency that is thicker than slush drinks. They can also contain milk, yogurt or ice cream.
Example: Strawberry-Banana Smoothie, Mixed Berry Smoothie, Kiwi Smoothie Quality
Control Health Benefits of Juices Some Facts About 100% Fruit Juice

There are no added sugars in 100% juice - just the natural sugars found in whole fruit.

100% juices are nutritious naturally, or when fortified with nutrients like vitamin C, calcium and vitamin D.

While the calorie content can vary slightly from juice to juice, most 100% fruit juices have only 60-80 calories per 4-ounce portion.

100% juice is considered a "nutrient dense" beverage - per calorie, it packs more nutritional value than other beverage choices.

100% juices contain naturally-occurring phytonutrients - compounds found in fruits, vegetables and other plants that researchers believe have disease-preventative and disease fighting properties.

According to the latest consumption data collected by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

the majority of America's children and teens are drinking 100% fruit juices in amounts recommended by health professionals. Because nutrition is more than just calories, it's important to look at the whole picture when assessing the value of a food or beverage. 100% fruit juices are a source of key nutrients like folate, vitamin C and potassium. In fact, the 2005 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee noted that levels of these essential nutrients are often higher in certain 100% fruit juices than in their whole fruit counterparts.Calcium-fortified juices can provide an excellent source of calcium in the diet, particularly for those who are lactose-intolerant. Some juices are now fortified with vitamin D as well, another key nutrient for bone health thanks to its role in helping the body absorb calcium. Cranberry Juice Cranberry Juice and Staph Infection Cranberry juice has also been shown to block a strain of Staphylococcus aureus, or S. aureus. Researchers at Worcester Polytechnic Institute gave cranberry juice to one group of test subject and a placebo to the other group. Cranberry Juice and Chemotherapy The effectiveness of drugs used in ovarian cancer chemotherapy is enhanced by the consumption of cranberries and cranberry juice. In a joint study by researchers at Rutgers and Brown University, cancer cells that were resistant to platinum drugs were obtained, and some of the cells were treated with cranberry extracts. Grapefruit Juice Grapefruit juice has pectin, which Colorado State University Extension explains is a type of dietary fiber. The natural sweet flavor of natural grapefruit juice may help you satisfy your sweet tooth and eat less refined sugars, which can benefit your glucose levels. An important nutrient in red grapefruit juice is lycopene. Grape juice Memory Grapes contain polyphenol compounds that exert antioxidant and anti-inflammatory actions. These compounds are also present in the juice. The March 2010 issue of the “British Journal of Nutrition” reported that grape juice consumption for 12 weeks improved cognitive function in older adults with early memory decline. Blood Pressure Subjects given 5.5 milliliters of grape juice per kilogram of body weight daily for eight weeks exhibited a significantly reduced blood pressure, reported the 2004 issue of “Biofactors.” The decrease was 7.2 mm Hg for the systolic blood pressure and 6.2 mm Hg for the diastoli Cardiovascular A study reported in the July 2006 issue of the “American Journal of Clinical Nutrition” investigated the effects of drinking concentrated grape juice for two weeks on cardiovascular parameters of both healthy subjects and subjects on hemodialysis. It was found that in all subjects, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol decreased while high-density lipoprotein cholesterol increased. Skin Consuming antioxidant-rich food and beverages, such as grape juice, can help to maintain clear and youthful skin, reports the book “Medical Herbalism: The Science Principles and Practices Of Herbal Medicine.” Strawberry Juice Immune System Booster Strawberries are a rich source of vitamin C and zinc. Vitamin C helps boost your immune system through its antioxidant properties, maintain the integrity of cells and helps modulate your resistance to infections. Vitamin C also helps reduce the duration of infections such as colds or flu, if you happen to get one. Anemia Treatment The vitamin C in strawberries helps your body absorb iron from other foods such as meats and vegetables. Drinking a glass of strawberry juice will help raise your vitamin and iron levels, which might help prevent anemia, according to the National Heart Lung and Blood Institute. Digestive Aid One cup of strawberries contains 3.4 g of fiber, which helps aid your digestion, improve glucose tolerance, lower cholesterol and reduce symptoms of constipation or diarrhea, according to the Mayo Clinic. Fresh strawberry juice made at home includes the full fiber of the strawberries, which can also help control weight gain by making you feel full longer, reducing the urge to snack on high-calorie foods. Possible Cancer Preventative Enjoying a glass of strawberry juice daily might reduce your risk of cancer. Strawberry juice -- filled with antioxidants such as vitamin C, vitamin A, alpha and beta-carotene -- might help slow or prevent the development of cancer, according to the National Cancer Institute. Pineapple Juice Low in Fat and Calories An 8-ounce glass of pineapple juice contains 132 calories, or 7 percent of a standard 2,000-calorie diet. Pineapple juice is a sweet, refreshing beverage with far fewer calories than fattening foods. An 8-ounce serving of pineapple juice contains only 0.3 g fat. Vitamin C The vitamin C content in 8 ounces of pineapple juice is 25 mg, or 42 percent of the 60 mg recommended daily intake. Vitamin C supports the immune system and prevents the development of illnesses and infections by stimulating the production and function of white blood cells Potassium An 8-ounce serving of pineapple juice provides 325 mg of potassium, or 9 percent of the 3,500 mg daily value. The body needs potassium to contract muscles, including the heart muscle and the intestinal muscles that stimulate waste elimination. These functions promote cardiovascular and digestive health. The potassium content is high in most fruits and vegetables. Water The water content in 8 ounces of pineapple juice is 86 percent. The consumption of an adequate fluid level is important for flushing toxins from the body through the urinary tract and providing the necessary fluid to regulate blood pressure. Orange Juice Provides Vitamin C Drinking at least two glasses of orange juice per day increases the vitamin C concentration within the body by 40 to 64 percent, according to the said study published in the September 2003 Protects Against Inflammation The intake of glucose and high-fat meals induces the development of inflammatory reactions within the body. Inflammatory reactions lead to the development of increased insulin resistance, a common cause of Type 2 diabetes and atherosclerosis, the hardening of blood vessel walls due to fat deposition. Improves Diastolic Blood Pressure Regular orange juice consumption may improve diastolic blood pressure, suggests a study published by "The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition" in January 2011. According to this study, orange juice contains hesperidin, a healthy water-soluble plant pigment. Hesperidin serves to improve the activity of small blood vessels, blood pressure and decrease the cardiovascular risk biomarkers in susceptible patients. Decreases Bad Cholesterol Levels Regular orange juice consumption may lead to the decrease the level of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol in patients with high cholesterol level, suggests a study published in the October 2010 issue of the "Nutrition Research." However, the mechanism behind this blood cholesterol level improvement with orange juice consumption is still unclear. Coconut Juice Dehydration Coconut water is being used by athletes and exercise fanatics alike as a natural sports drink. Due to coconut water's high amount of potassium and other minerals, Cocotap.com claims that coconut water is a better way to replenish the body's electrolytes than any other commercial sports drink on the market. Cocotap also states that since coconut water is such a great tonic for re-hydration, it is often used to treat conditions such as diarrhea, stomach flu and dysentery. Skin Condition Coconut water contains cytokinins and lauric acid, which are two substances known to help with anti-aging. Homeremediesweb.com suggests that by topically applying coconut water to the skin can help with wrinkles, age spots, acne and even eczema. Drinking coconut water daily, as reported by foreverlookingood.com can also reduce wrinkles and improve the elasticity of the skin from the inside out. Cardiovascular Health Homeremediesweb.com affirms that drinking coconut water can improve heart health. It is a fact that most people who suffer from high blood pressure or other cardiovascular issues such as high cholesterol often also have low potassium levels. Since coconut water has an excellent source of potassium, as well as other important nutrients, it is a great natural way to lower blood pressure and increase HDL cholesterol levels. Lime Juice Support Immune System Like all citrus fruits, limes and their juice are very high in vitamin C. Slightly less than 1/4 cup of lime juice, or about 50 g, provides 15 mg of vitamin C -- 25 percent of the recommended daily value, or DV. Vitamin C is an antioxidant nutrient. It supports immune system function and helps protect your cells from damage caused by free radicals. Promotes Heart Health A 50 g serving of fresh lime juice contains only 15 calories and is fat and sodium free, but provides an enormous amount of flavor. In addition to turning plain water into a calorie-free, tasty thirst-quencher, you can squeeze or pour it over salads, freshly grilled fish or vegetables, shellfish and other foods in place of high-calorie, high-fat flavor enhancers. Fights cancer There are disease-fighting compounds found in citrus fruits, such as limes and lemons, known as limonoids. According to the U.S. Agricultural Research Service, your body can readily absorb and use a specific, long-acting limonoid called limonin. Limes and lemons contain almost as much limonin as they do vitamin C. Lemon Juice Weight-Loss Aid

Full of flavor and low in calories, lemon juice is a simple and sensible weight-loss aid. Dressings and sauces meant to add life to your food also add sugar, fat and calories and can thwart your best attempts at weight loss. Pure lemon juice adds zest and zing to food without adding unnecessary calories. Improved Digestion

Lemon has been revered in ayurvedic medicine for centuries for its ability to ignite gastric fire. According to Theresa Cheung, author of "The Lemon Juice Diet," citric acid in lemons combines with other acids and enzymes in the digestive system, stimulating stomach juices and improving digestive function. Vitamin Source

Although they're tiny, lemons are packed full of vitamins and nutrients. Lemons are probably best known as a source of vitamin C, an anti-oxidant that also helps in the maintenance of healthy connective tissues. Lemons are also an excellent source of potassium, an electrolyte, and contain more than apples or grapes. Lemon juice is also high in calcium, which promotes the strength of bones and teeth. Skin Care

Lemon juice is a natural antiseptic and can be used in the treatment of wounds to prevent infection. It contains powerful fruit acids that lighten discoloration and even out tone while exfoliating dead skin cells. Use pure lemon juice to lighten dark skin on knees and elbows, remove age spots and soften cracked feet. Tomato Juice Prevents Emphysema

Drinking tomato juice may prevent emphysema caused by cigarette smoke exposure, according to a 2006 study published in the "American Journal of Physiology-Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology." Provides Nutritional Support

Tomato juice is a rich source of lycopene, an antioxidant that may reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease and some types of cancer. It also contains high levels of potassium, vitamin C, folate, beta carotene, lutein and phosphorus. Decreases Cardiovascular Disorders

Consuming tomato juice may prevent cardiovascular disease in diabetes patients, according to a 2004 study published in the "Journal of the American Medical Association." The study's researchers, led by Dr. Manohar Garg from the University of Newcastle, Australia, found that consuming tomato juice daily helps type 2 diabetes patients maintain heart health. Whole Food Benefits

The lycopene in tomato juice does not function alone, according to a 2003 study published in the "Journal of the National Cancer Institute." The study's researchers, led by John Erdman Jr., a professor of food science and human nutrition at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, found that lycopene works synergistically with other phytochemicals in the tomato. Beeber

Has been established and produced the 25% fruit juice under the trade name of Beeber since 1985 or for more than -1873 years. For the uttermost benefit and satisfaction of consumers, we have committed ourselves to selecting the high quality raw material, the advanced and hygienic machinery to produce & standardize our products as well as earnestly preserve our environment. In addition, we have earnestly developed new products to respond the consumers' need both in Thailand and over 15 countries worldwide. Capri Sun

A brand of juice concentrate drink owned by the German Company WILD (Chairman Dr. Hans-Peter Wild) and sold in silver pouches. It was developed by Rudolf Wild in 1969 in Germany, where Capri Sonne has been a registered trademark since 1952.[1] Capri Sun has been distributed in the United States since 1981. Kraft Foods is a licensed production partner for North America. In the Netherlands and the UK, it is distributed by Coca-Cola Enterprises. Elliott's Amazing Juice

The first bottle of Elliott's Amazing Apple Juice was bottled in March 1983. However, I had made and sold Elliott's Old Fashioned Lemonade and Orangeade business in 1978 which only made it six months. This was packed in paper milk cartons which had to be refrigerated and distributed in refrigerated trucks. I had an old milk truck-a wreck of an old milk truck- that had to be plugged in every night. First the compressor went and when the transmission went, I drove a stake into the radiator and had it towed away. Florida’s Natural
Florida's Natural Growers was organized in 1933 by growers who had a personal interest in bringing the best possible citrus products to the market. Today, we are one of the largest Florida citrus cooperatives of growers, with a membership base of 13 grower associations. The entire cooperative is made up of more than 1,000 grower-members who own more than 50,000 acres of fine citrus groves in the heart of central Florida. Hansen’s Natural Juice
Back in 1930s Southern California, Hubert Hansen and his sons began selling homemade, freshly-squeezed juices to the Hollywood film crowd and local retailers. Since then Hansen´s has grown to a full line of juices and juice blends, fruit juice smoothies, organic juices, children´s multi-vitamin juices and natural lower calorie fruit juice cocktails sweetened with all-natural, all-natural Truvia™ brand sweetener. That´s what we call, sweet success. Naked Juice

An American brand of natural fruit juice drinks produced by the Naked Juice Company of Monrovia, California;[1] operating as a wholly owned subsidiary of PepsiCo. The first of these drinks were produced in 1983 and sold in California under the name "Naked Juice", referring to their composition of no artificial flavors, added sugar, or preservatives.[2] Distribution has since expanded, and Naked Juice products are distributed nationwide within the United States, as well as in Canada and the U.K. Sunquick juice
The motto “The best oranges this year come from Denmark” got Sunquick’s London campaign underway. Sunquick was then promoted in 12 selected stores in the Keymarket, where sales went really well.
After the great success in London, Sunquick rapidly spread throughout the rest of England and into Scotland. The Sunquick sales expanded through television advertising in the London region, followed by advertising in specialised magazines, published in many former British colonies. The demand for Sunquick then grew steadily. Sunquick also received particular interest from the Middle East, being available at selected Middle East locations from August 1970 onwards. Odwalla

An American food product company that sells fruit juice, smoothies and food bars. It was founded in Santa Cruz,California in 1980 and is headquartered in Half Moon Bay, California.

The company experienced strong growth after its incorporation in 1985, expanding its distribution network from California to most of North America, and went public in 1993. A period of decline occurred as a result of a fatal outbreak of H7 in 1996 that was caused by using bruised fruit that had been contaminated. Odwalla originally sold unpasteurized juices, claiming that the process of pasteurization altered the flavor of the juice. Following the E. coli outbreak, Odwalla adopted flash pasteurization and other sanitization procedures. Odwalla recalled its juices and experienced a ninety-percent reduction in sales following the event. The company gradually recovered, and, after a few years, was making a profit again.

Odwalla was acquired by The Coca-Cola Company in 2001 for US$181 million and became a wholly owned subsidiary. Welch Foods Inc. (Welch's)

An American company, headquartered in Concord, Massachusetts. It is owned by the National Grape Cooperative Association, a co-op of grape growers.
Founded in Vineland, New Jersey, in 1869, by Thomas Bramwell Welch, a Methodist, Welch's is the food processing and marketing arm of the National Grape Cooperative Association, which comprises 1,300 grape growers located in Michigan, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Washington andOntario, Canada. The oldest extant structure associated with the company is Welch Factory Building No. 1, located at Westfield, New York, and listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1983. Thank You For Listening! Famous Juice Brands
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