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Transcript of Greek Migration!
The first ever Greek immigrants to travel to Australia were seven sailors convicted of piracy by a British naval court in 1829 and sent to serve out their terms in New South Whales. Eventually, two of the seven Greeks stayed and settled in the country. The first known free Greek migrant to Australia was Katerina Georgia Plessos. She arrived with her husband Major James Crummer in Sydney, 1835. They married in 1827 on the island of Kalamos where Crummer, the island's commandant met the young refugees wars. They had 11 children. The first free Greek settler to South Australia was Giorgios Tramountanas. Groups of Greeks then settled in significant numbers during the gold rushes of the 1850s.
20th Century Immigration
In the 20th century the 1901 cencis recorded 878 Greek-born immigrants, The expulsion of Greeks in 1922–23 led to further Greek Immigrants coming to Australia (mainly to NSW) The number of Greeks from Greece had risen to 12,291 by the time of the 1947 census.
Greeks were one of the main groups targeted by Australian Government immigration schemes in the 1950s and 1960s. By 1971 there were 160,200 Greek-born Greeks in Australia, and smaller numbers from Cyprus and Egypt. Today, just under half of the Greek-born live in Victoria, with a further third in New South Wales.
Melbourne has been known as having one of the largest Greek communities in the world. In 2006, 149,195 people in the Melbourne Statistical District claimed Greek Nationality, either alone or in combination with another Nationality.
How the Greeks got to
Greek-Australian citizens have an exceptionally high rate of returning to Greece. In December 2001 the department of foreign affairs estimated that there were 135,000 Australian citizens resident in Greece. It is assumed that these are mostly returned Greek immigrants with Australian citizenship, and their Greek Australian citizen children. However, due to the current Greek government-debt crisis many of those immigrants are returning again.
In 1959 the Patris became the first liner in the Greek-owned Chandris fleet. The ship was popular with passengers, despite having the dishonour
of once running aground in the Suez Canal, and colliding with the collier Rickie Miller on Sydney Harbour in 1971. Many of her passengers were heading to Australia with a sense of adventure – hoping to begin a new way of life. Whatever the reason, mention of a journey on the Patris evokes
memories that many will never forget.
The ship, Patris
In the year 1829
the first Greeks
Greek cooking today is mostly Mediterranean. The ingredients very oftenly used are olive oil, grains and bread, wine, poultry and rabbit, yoghurts and cheese, and fresh vegetables. Meat is a large part of Greek cuisine, with a wide variety of meat-based dishes eaten as main meals and snacks. As Greece is surrounded by the Ionian Seas fish and seafood are also central to the Greek diet. Olive, lemon, basil, garlic, oregano and thyme are commonly used in Greek dishes, especially in fresh salads, as is the famous feta cheese.
Today Greeks in Australia and in Greece eat foods from around the world, their cooking is influenced by many food traditions. However, for Greek elders eating traditionally prepared Greek food remains an important part of their lives.
Some Greek foods that have had influence on Australia are....
•Saganaki: a popular fried cheese
•Spanakopita: baked filo pastry stuffed with spinach and cheese
•Tyropita: baked filo pastry stuffed with cheese (usually feta)
•Tzatziki: yoghurt, cucumber and garlic dip
•Souvlaki: most well-known Greek meat dish, lamb, chicken or pork marinated in oil, salt, pepper and oregano then grilled on a skewer
•Gyros: meat cooked or roasted on a spit and is usually served with tzatziki, salad and pita bread
•Loukoumades: Greek doughnuts, small fried balls of dough soaked in honey and sprinkled with cinnamon
The Greeks have brought a lot of their religion and culture to Australia.
They came by boat
Most Greeks are Greek Orthodox
The Greek Orthodox Headquarters Are In Sydney
In Australia, there are 100 Greek Orthodox Churches.
Greek is the second most spoken European language in Australia. Greek
schools keep the language alive in Australia. Greek is taught at schools
and the universities all over the country,
There are also Greek newspapers published in Australia. The Greek Herald
is published in Sydney, The Neos Kosmos is published in Melbourne.
Like Italian, the Greek Language is on the radio. The special Broadcasting
Service broadcasts Greek programs in every state also there is a Greek
news channel on SBS
Epiphany is a religious festival. It is in January. Many Greek Australians celebrate Epiphany. They practise an old Greek tradition. A cross is thrown into water. Young men dive into the water after it. The man who gets the cross is thought to be blessed.
March 25 is Greek national Independence Day. It celebrates Greece’s independence from Turkey. Many Greek people take part in the Glendi Greek festival to mark this day.
In Melbourne, the festival is a big event. There is a two day party on Lonsdale Street. They have live music, performances, food, art, competitions and stalls. It is one of Melbourne’s biggest festivals.
The festival in Adelaide is one of the biggest in the southern hemisphere. Thousands of people from Australia and overseas come to the celebrations.
Survey recorded .....
Census recorded 878 Greek-born.
That's a lot of greeks!!!!!
Greece is coming to Australia
There were 160,200 Greek-born Greeks in Australia
Greek Nationality on the rise
149,195 persons in the Melbourne District claimed Greek Nationality, either alone or in combination with another Nationality
The first ever Greek immigrants to Australia were seven convict sailors convicted of piracy by a British navy Though eventually pardoned, two of the seven Greeks stayed and settled in the country
Free Greeks come...
The first known free Greek migrant comes to Australia. She was Katerina Georgia Plessos , who arrived in Sydney with her husband Major James Crummer.
The first Greek immigrants come....
Emily, Bronte & Shania