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Migration & Development
Transcript of Migration & Development
International Migration 1. Introduction Structure "What is it again that you are doing down there?" Grandma Sentence Migration & Development Research Proposal Jana Borchers
ID: 300 27 82 44 17. Sep 2012 DEVE 514 My research is looking at if and why migrants of Turkish descent in Germany remit money back home and how it differs between generations. 7. Questions 6. Programme 5. Outcomes 4. Methodology 3. Location 2. Relevant Literature 1)http://gcsehistory.wikispaces.com/file/view/presentation.png/30402916/presentation.png
8)http://www.doctorramey.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/08/Outcomes1.jpg 1 stronger transnational links Transnationalism promoter of development in countries of origin Remittances (almost levelled ODA in 2008)³ New Migration Optimism →guest worker, family reunification 15.8% migrants of Turkish descent 16 mio. with migratory background Germany as a main immigration country: 1/3 from developing to developed world 2 Why do these differences exist or not? Are there behaviour differences between these two groups? What are the motivations for remitting? Do first and second generation migrants of Turkish descent in Germany remit money to their home country? Research Questions: underlying motivations for remitting behaviour quantity of transnational activities among first and second generation migrants quantitative research is rare and geographically limited to the USA (Portes, Guarnizo and Haller, 2002) major studies focus solely on people engaged in transnational activities (Snel, Engbersen, Leerkes, 2006) not reflective of reality because the quantity of transmigrants is overestimated (“exaggeration of their scope”; Portes, 2001:182) The Critique of Transnationalism likely to increase in scale and importance in the future (Vertovec, 2004) facilitated through technical advancements in a globalised world (Portes, Guarnizo and Haller, 2002) economic ties, particularly remittance transfers and their scale (Guarnizo, 2003) quantity of relationships with home nations (“transmigrant”; Glick Schiller, Basch and Blanc-Szanton, 1992:1) 4 5 traditions and persistence over time (Page & Mercer, 2012) in host country; loss of social status due to discrimination (Sana, 2005) in home country; culturally (Stark, 2009) social status extreme remittance motives imply altruism or self-interest and gradations of the two extremes (Lucas and Stark, 1985) Remittance Motives sustained immigration and persistence of transnational activity across generations (De Haas and Plug, 2006) unable to constitute explicit determinants for transnational activity (Snel, Engbersen, Leerkes, 2006) successive generations will be transnationally active to a lesser extent due to integration (Levitt & Glick Schiller, 2004) 7 Country: Germany City: Lübeck (Moisling) major immigration country liberal, young woman from dominant culture Cross-cultural research transformative: positive transformation, awareness critical realist: mechanisms and structures of social relations critical theory Key questions: How does it happen (causal)? What ought it to be? How extensive is the phenomenon (empirical)? Positionality might create bias focus group: generation, gender, family long-term first generation migrants (>20y) and independent children as second generation migrants questionnaire survey: postal, internet-based and personal mixed quantitative and qualitative methods Hypothesis technical advancements loss of social status in host society culture and traditions There will be no significant difference between remitting behaviour of first and second generation migrants due to: intergenerational learning final draft by early Jan 2014 1.draft by early Nov = 12 weeks main study = 6-8 weeks translation, pilot phase = 3-4 weeks field research, Germany: methods, ethics = 10 weeks preparatory research, NZ: Research Start: 20.May 2013 BEFORE: After: Thank you! 3 6 8 1 1 2 2 3 3 4 4 Bundesamt für Migration und Flüchtlinge (2010). Migrationsbericht 2010: Zentrale Ergebnisse [report]. Nürnberg: Bundesamt für Migration und Flüchtling. Retrievd from http://www.bamf.de/ SharedDocs/Anlagen/DE/Downloads/Infothek/Forschung/Studien/migrationsbericht-2010-zentrale-ergebnisse.html?nn=1366152
De Haas, H. & Plug, R. (2006). Cherishing the goose with the golden eggs: Trends in migrant remittances from Europe to Morocco. The International Migration Review, 40(3), 603 – 634. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com.helicon.vuw.ac.nz/docview/215272410/fulltextPDF/ 1392ED2B5C156657061/8?accountid=14782
Destatis (2011). Bevölkerung und Erwerbstätigkeit [2010 report]. Wiesbaden: Statistisches Bundesamt. Retrieved from www.destatis.de/DE/Publikationen/Thematisch/Bevoelkerung/ MigrationIntegration/ Migrationshintergrund2010220107004.pdf?__blob=publicationFile
Glick Schiller, N., Basch, L. & Blanc-Szanton, C. (1992). Transnationalism: A new analytic framework for understanding migration. Annals of the New York Academy of Social Science, 645(1), 971 – 1001. Retrieved from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com.helicon.vuw.ac.nz/doi/ 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1992.tb33484.x/pdf
Guarnizo, L.E. (2003). The economics of transnational living. International Migration Review, 37(3), 666 – 699. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org.helicon.vuw.ac.nz/stable/pdfplus/30037753.pdf
Kitchin, R. & Tate, N. (2000). Conduction research in human geography: Theory, methodology and practice. Harlow, England: Prentice Hall.
Levitt, P. & Glick Schiller, N. (2004). Conceptualizing simultanity: A transnational social field perspective on society. International Migration Review, 38(3), 1002 – 1039. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com.helicon.vuw.ac.nz/docview/215272673/fulltextPDF?accountid=14782
Lucas, R. & Stark, O. (1985). Motivations to remit: Evidence from Botswana. Journal of Political Economy, 93(5), 901 – 918. Retrieved from http://web.ebscohost.com.helicon.vuw.ac.nz/ ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?vid=3&hid=10&sid=78b8cb0e-e018-4ee1-8943-7424b9048e2d%40sessionmgr12
Page, B. & Mercer, C. (2012). Why do people do stuff? Reconceptualizing remittance behaviour in diaspora-development research and policy. Progress in Development Studies, 12(1), 1 – 18. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com.helicon.vuw.ac.nz/docview/922959603/fulltextPDF/ 1389DB0FB427D203490/3?accountid=14782
Portes, A. (2001). Introduction: The debates and significance of immigrant transnationalism. Global Networks, 1(3), 181 – 194. Retrieved from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com.helicon.vuw.ac.nz/doi/ 10.1111/1471-0374.00012/pdf
Portes, A., Guarnizo, L.E. & Haller, W. (2002). Transnational entrepreneurs: An alternative form of immigrant economic adaptation. American Sociological Review, 67(2), 278 – 298. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org.helicon.vuw.ac.nz/stable/pdfplus/3088896.pdf
Ratha, D., Mohapatra, S. & Silwal, A. (2011). The migration and remittances factbook 2011. Washington, D.C.: The World Bank. Retrieved from http://siteresources.worldbank.org/ INTPROSPECTS/Resources/334934-1199807908806/Turkey.pdf
Sana, M. (2005). Buying membership in the transnational community: Migrant remittances, social status, and assimilation. Population Research and Policy Review, 24(3), 231 – 261. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com.helicon.vuw.ac.nz/docview/206274269/fulltextPDF/ 1389E1F52AB49F8FFF9/10?accountid=14782
Snel, E., Engbersen, G. & Leerkes, A. (2006). Transnational involvement and social integration. Global Networks, 6(3), 285 – 308. Retrieved from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com.helicon.vuw. ac.nz/doi/10.1111/j.1471-0374.2006.00145.x/pdf
Stark, O. (2009). Reasons for remitting. World Economics, 10(3), 147 – 157. Retrieved from http://web.ebscohost.com.helicon.vuw.ac.nz/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=9b0c0f83-9be9-4748-8302-76f4c3515106%40sessionmgr11&vid=1&hid=10
UNDP (2009). Human Mobility: How and why people move. Retrieved from http://hdr.undp.org/ en/statistics/data/mobility/people/
Vertovec, S. (2004). Migrant transnationalism and modes of transformation. International Migration Review, 38(3), 970 – 1001. Retrieved from www.jstor.org.helicon.vuw.ac.nz/stable/ pdfplus/27645423.pdf?acceptTC=true List of figures independent second generation migrants more than one migrant generation medium size German town Moisling (suburb) highest number of migrants