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Social and personality Development in Adolescence

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Matthew Stewart

on 27 April 2015

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Transcript of Social and personality Development in Adolescence

According to Freud this is called the genital stage , the period during which the psycosexual stage maturity is reached, Freud believed that this is when the sex drive is awaken and the primary developmental task for teens is to use their newly found libido into healthy relationships.
The four elements
1.
Identity achievement- the person has been through a crisis and has reached a commitment to ideological, occupational, or goals
Marcia's theory of identity achievement
Marcia theory states that there are four elements that contribute to the formation of adolescent identity
Psychoanalytic perspective
Antisocial behavior
This is any form of behavior that lacks in social connections or actions that can be harmful to the well being of others.
Levels of moral development
Level I: preconventional- the teen or child decides what is wrong and right based upon what is punishable
Kohlberg's theory of moral development
Developed by Lawrence Kolhberg shows us that morality starts from early childhood years and can be affected by several factors.
Friendships
although teens understand the importance of family connections they tend to value friendships more, and will work harder to maintain these relationships and spend more time with friends than family.
Relationships with parents
During this time teens tend to have constant conflicts with parents because while establishing a sense of individuality teens must have a sense of relatedness and establish autonomy with their parents.
THEORIES OF social and personality development
Moral deveopment
Social relationships
Social and personality Development in Adolescence
2.
Moratorium- a crisis is in progress, but no commitment has been made
3.
foreclosure
- the person has made a commitment without having gone through a crisis
4. Identity diffusion-the person is either in the midst of crisis or has had one in the past but has yet to make a commitment.
The adolescent self
self esteem
The shift of esteem through the adolescence years both decreases and increases inconsistently
Gender roles
developementalists use the term gener role idenettity to refer to the gender aspects of the self, younger children understand that the roles are similar to cliques and their attitude towards them remains fleixble however as they grow older teens formulate ideas about the importance of gender in personal identity and social relationships.
ethnic identity
Minority teens mainly those in white culture tend to run a risk of establishing two identities in adolescence, not only must they develope an indvidual identity but they must create an ethic identity based upon their culture and heritage.
Level II: Individualism- Children and teens follow rules when it is to their interests
level III: social contract/universal principles- following a system of values or ethics as well as acting accordingly for the benefit of the teen and only the teen.
Tends to be found more in aggressive teens
Bullying, delinquency are examples of antisocial behavior and can be noticed in children as early as 4-5 years old.
Romantic relationships for heterosexual teens
During the first two years teens are more concerned only with same sex friendships during the next two years that tends to change for opposite sex partners, this becomes common around age 15 but by 12 or teens have a basic concept of what love means.
Romantic relationships for homosexual teens
Relationships work differently for homosexual teens, most teens are aware of the attraction to the same sex by the age of 11 or 12, and boys tend to realize to a few years before girls do, during the early teen years many teens expirement with boy sexes and by age 15 classify them selves as either hetero or homosexual.
bibliography
Bee, H., & Boyd, D. (2002). Social and personality development in adolesence. In Lifespan development (3rd ed.). Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
Adolescent development: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. (n.d.). Retrieved April 27, 2015, from http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/002003.htm
Developing teens. (n.d.). Retrieved April 27, 2015, from http://www.apa.org/pi/families/resources/develop.pdf
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