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Structure of the United States Constitution
Transcript of Structure of the United States Constitution
NYOS Charter School
Austin, Texas The Structure
United States Constitution The Introduction Preamble This article explains the Legislative Branch. There are 10 sections in this article and within each section there are paragraphs, called clauses.
Section 2: Explains the role, term, and requirements of the House of Representatives
Section 3 Explains the role, term, and requirements of the Senate.
Section 6: Explains who pays the Congress.
Section 7: Explains how a bill becomes a law.
Section 8: Lists all the enumerated powers of Congress.
Section 10: Lists all the things states cannot do without the permission, or consent, of Congress. Article I The Executive Branch Article II The Judicial Branch Article III The States Article IV Amendment Process Amendment V "We the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America." The Legislative Branch This article explains the Executive Branch. There are 4 sections in this article and within each section there are paragraphs, called clauses.
Section 1: Explains the term, requirements, & oath of office of the President. Also, the explanation of Electors.
Section 2: Explains his role as Commander in Chief of the U.S. Army, Navy, & state militias. Also, other powers such as appointments & treaties.
Section 3: Explains how the President must give a "State of the Union" address to Congress.
Section 4: Explains how a President or Vice President can be removed, or impeached, from office. This article explains the Judicial Branch. There are 3 sections in this article and within each section there are paragraphs, called clauses.
Section 1: Explains the term of the Judges of the Supreme Court.
Section 2: Explains the Supreme Court's judicial power and authority. Also the role of jury trial.
Section 3: Defines treason and that Congress has the power to declare treason. This article explains the States Rights. There are 4 sections in this article and within each section there are paragraphs, called clauses.
Section 1: Explains how each state should honor all other states.
Section 2: Explains the responsibility of states to extradite citizens charged with treason, felony, or crime to the original state jurisdiction where the crime took place.
Section 3: Defines the creations of states as a power of Congress. No states can be created within an already existing state.
Section 4: "The United States guarantees to every state in the union a Republican form of government, and shall protect each of them against invasion..." This article explains the process for amending, or changing, the Constitution. There is just one paragraph.
"The Congress, whenever two thirds (2/3) of both Houses shall deem it necessary, shall propose Amendments to this Constitution, or on the Application of the Legislatures of two thirds (2/3) of the several States, shall call a Convention for proposing Amendments, which in either Case, shall be valid to all intents and purposes, as Part of this Constitution.." Amendment VI Supremacy Clause There are 3 sections in this Article.
Section 1: All debts acquired under the Articles of Confederation are now the responsibility of the government under this new Constitution.
Section 2: The Constitution is the "Supreme Law of the Land."
Section 3: All Senators and Representatives and judicial officers shall be bound by Oath to support this Constitution. Article VII Ratification This section defines the requirement for ratification and documents the date of the states present to sign this constitution.
9 of 13 states
September 17, 1787 http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/charters/constitution.html