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Female Genital Mutilation (FGM)

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by

Patricia Hernández Lencina

on 6 January 2014

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Transcript of Female Genital Mutilation (FGM)

Female Genital Mutilation (FGM)
INTR DUCTI N
DEFINITION:
-Procedures involving partial or total removal of the external female genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs for cultural or non-medical reasons.

-Extreme violation of human rights.
COMPLICATIONS
No health benefits, only harm.
Criticism of the opposition
WHERE?
WHO?
-Between 100-140 million women and girls worldwide have been subjected to FGM.
-8000 girls per day

-Between 7 and 10 years old
Origins
We can find the origins of FGM
in Africa
Linked to the
slave trade:

-To prevent pregnancy
-It was paid a higher price for women who were infibulated
Some European and American gynecologists in 19th-century would also remove the clitoris for various reasons:


-Masturbation
-Hysteria
-Erotomania
-Lesbianism
The
oldest
reference to it, it’s
on a sarcophagus
, dating back to Egypt’s Middle Kingdom
Methods
WHO?
By a traditional circumciser

WHERE?
Inside the girl's family home


INSTRUMENTS:
knives, razors, scissors, cut glass, sharpened rocks and fingernails
Types
Immediate complications
-Severe pain
-Shock
-Haemorrhage (bleeding)
-Tetanus or sepsis (bacterial infection)
-Urine retention
-Open sores in the genital region and injury to nearby genital tissue
-Transmission of hepatitis or HIV
Long-term consequences
• Recurrent bladder and urinary tract infections
• Cysts
• Infertility
• An increased risk of childbirth complications and newborn deaths
• The need for later surgeries
Surgeons repair the clitoris for free.
Campaign Against
Female Genital
Mutilation
THANK YOU FOR YOUR PATIENCE!
MARÍA BONONAD BRUGGER

EVA GARCÍA TORRES

PATRICIA HERNÁNDEZ LENCINA


Surgeons repair the clitoris for free.
Stella Obasanjo
Organizations
against
FGM
Full transcript