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Transcript of English Renaissance
Before the English Renaissance began, there was another one called the pan-European Renaissance.
This Renaissance started in Italy during the 14th Century.
The Italian Renaissance was essentially the same thing: It was a rebirth in the expansion of minds.
Art, music, and literature prospered during these times.
From Italy it spreaded to the entire European continents (except England)
England seeing the change wanted to expand and be the same also. What is the English Renaissance?
Renaissance-a revival or rebirth especially of culture and learning.
The English was a major part of history that happened in England (15th century-17th century).
The English Renaissance was more about expansion of the minds and the kingdom.
The Renaissance focused mostly on music, literature, and education. The Elizabethan Age
Even though the English Renaissance began in the early 15th century through 17 century the Elizabethan Age is essentially most known.
Queen Elizabeth was in reign during this time, hence the Elizabethan Age.
This is also known as the Golden Age.
Art, literature, music, and the English economy prospered during this time. Difference between Enlglish and Italian Renaisaance
Although the English Renaissance is based on the Italian Renaissance, both Renaissance have their differences.
English Renaissance focused more on literature and music.
Italian Renaissance mostly focused on visual arts.
The English Renaissance does not have have as much visual artworks as the Italians. Queen Elizabeth
Queen Elizabeth was born on September 7, 1533 and died on March 24, 1603.
She is arguably the greatest monarch in the history of England.
During her rule England prospered greatly. What exactly did the Queen accomplished for England?
The Queen did many things that helped England prosper.
She increased the literacy rate in England.
Encouraged learning and the arts.
She increased the expansion overseas. Encouraged explorers like Sir Humphrey Gilbert and Sir Walter Raleigh to explore the vast world.
She established Protestantism as the country's religion.
Established the Poors Law. The Poor Laws
Due to the deteriotaion of the economy, many people were impoverished. The Queen enacted the Poor Laws to assist the poor.
List of Poor Laws Facts on Queen Elizabeth
Queen Elizabeth had a rather difficult life in the beginning...
Her mother was executed and her father Henry VIII renounced her as a bastard child.
She lost her title as Princess Elizabeth.
She survived many plots against her, one of the most known as the Babbington plot.
She survived the Towers of London. (Infamous castle in England, this was were traitors went; rarely do they live
She is also known as the Virgin Queen, since she never married. Expansion of the English Empire
England had a great deal of explorers during this time.
Sir Humphry Gilbert, Sir Walter Raleigh, Sir John Hawkins, Sir Frances Drakes, Sir Richard Greenville were all explorers that helped expanded the English Empire.
These explorers colonized new places like Newfoundland, Roanoke Island, and Noval Albion.
They also pirated Spanish ships, increase the slavery trade routes, and help navigate the new world. Literature
During the English Reniassance, literature thrived
Poetry, playwrights, and books were written.
The invention of the printing press helped increase the literacy rate of England.
Famous playwrights, poets, and authors became famous during this times.
Some examples are Ben Johnson, William Shakespeare, Christopher Marlowe, Edmund Spenser, and Sir Walter Raleigh Spanish Armada
In the beginning Spain and England had a good relationship
After the relationship deteriotated due to the English pirating Spain's ships, Queen Elizabeth's religion, and imprisonment of Mary Stuart.
The execution of Mary Stuart was the last straw
King Phillips II decided to send a fleet of a hundred or more ships to England to take over the country and to get rid of Queen Elizabeth and make the country Catholic again.
Spain was the most influential country during this time.
Their economy and navy was the strongest in the world. William Shakespeare: biography
William Shakespeare is rather mysterious to many historian, since during the Elizabethan age no one recorded birth and death dates.
Supposedly he was born April 23, 1564
Was the third of eight children to John Shakespeare and Mary Alden
Went to a free grammar school in Statford; did not go to college
Married Anne Hathaway and had three children. Susanna (first child), and twins Hamneth and Judith. Hamneth died at the age of 11.
He was a poet, playwrighter, and actor during the Elizabethan Age.
Greatest playwright during this time.
Wrote 37 plays and 154 sonnets.
There are three different types of plays Shakespeare wrote: History, Tragedy, and Comedy. Sources
Alchin, Linda K. "Accomplishments of Queen Elizabeth." Elizabethan Era. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 May 2011. <http://www.elizabethan-era.org.uk/accomplishments-of-queen-elizabeth-i.htm>.
April is in my Mistress' face-Thomas Morley[video]. (2009) Retrieved May 14, 2011, from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o4vE2lZWZVU
Alchin, Linda K. "William Shakespeare Tragedy Plays." Global Theatre and Shakespeare. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 May 2011. <http://www.globe-theatre.org.uk/william-shakespeare-tragedy-plays.htm>.
"ayre." Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica, 2011. Web. 17 May. 2011. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/46576/ayre>.
"Babington Plot." N.p., n.d. Web. 16 May 2011. <http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/Documents/Babington_plot.htm>.
Batten, Jim. "Sir Walter Raleigh." British Explorers. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 May 2011. <http://www.britishexplorers.com/woodbury/raleigh.html>.
John Dowland-Come Again [video]. (2009) Retrieved May 14, 2011, from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tFS6zUwxDmY
Jokinen, Anniina. "Christopher Marlowe." Luminarium: Anthology of English Literature. Ed. Anniina Jokinen. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 May 2011. <http://www.luminarium.org/renlit/marlowe.htm>.
"Madrigals." Primarily A Capella. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 May 2011. <http://www.singers.com/choral/madrigals.html>.
Pressley, J. M. "An Encapsulated Biography." Shakespeare Resource Center, February 10, 2005. October 11, 2005. <http://www.bardweb.net/man.html>.
"The Elizabethan Period." about.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 May 2011. <http://classiclit.about.com/library/bl-etexts/rfletcher/bl-rfletcher-history-5-elizabethan.htm>.
Thomas, Heather. Queen Elizabeth I. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 May 2011. <http://ww Major events that happened during the Elizabethan Age
The Spanish Armada
The Anglo-Spanish War Babbington Plot
Babbington plot was a plot to get rid of Queen Elizabeth I so Mary, Queen of Scots would take over England.
Queen Elizabeth I was not a Catholic so Spain (where Catholism was) wanted to get rid of her. They saw Mary as the true heir to England.
The conspirators were Mary, Anthony Babbington, John Ballard
Elizabeth's Secretary of State Sir Francis Walsingham actually saw through the plan and stopped the assassination.
There have been many other plots and conspiracies against Queen Elizabeth
But this plot was the one that created the illegitimate war between the two countries.
This also led to Mary's Execution
And the Spanish Armada Anglo-Spanish War
The Anglo-Spanish War was an undeclared war between England and Spain.
War began when Francis Drake attacked Spain in 1585
The War went from 1585-1604
It ended with the Treaty of London
There wasn't many major conflicts that happened during this "war"
The only major battle known is the Spanish Armada Christopher Marlowe
Born on 1564 in Cantebury, Marlowe was son of a shoemaker
Studied at Kings' School and went of to Corpus Christi College
He is credited for using the blank verse first in England
He was hailed the greatest dramatist in England until Shakespeare came
He and Shakespeare were intense rivals but were also friends
He died at the age of 29 by getting stabbed in a tavern brawl. Sir Walter Raleigh
Born in 1552
He was half brothers to Sir John Giblert and Sir Humphrey David
Was a poet, explorer, and captain of the guards during the English Renaissance
Was close to Queen Elizabeth I
Helped foil the Babington plot
Executed in 1618 Mary Stuart Queen of Scots
Cousin of Queen Elizabeth
Catholic so she saw herself as the "true" Queen of England
She was in multiple plots to get rid of Queen Elizabeth
Most of her life time she stayed in the Tower of London
Queen Elizabeth was benevolent to her but she still tried to assassinate her
The Babbington Plot was the one that caused Elizabeth to sign her execution.
She died by beheadment. Spanish Armada cont.
England heard about this attack so they prepared for battle.
The Spanish Armada set off on May 1588
The battle began July 19 , 1588 and it lasted for several weeks.
In the end the English won the battle
There were several reasons why the English won the battle
It was poor planning for the Spanish
-their famous commander Santa Cruz died
-the new commander was inexperience at Naval warfare
-there wasn't an actual port in the Netherland so they weren't able to pick up their troops
England really didn't have to go into sea for battle; they were close to the coast
There was a fierce storm that took out most of the Spanish Armada
Overall out of the 130 ships 64 was destroyed.
English did not have many casualties in battle but diseases such as dysentry and typhus took out many.
Spanish lost many in battle and many because of diseases Music
There were two types of music during the English Renaissance
Ayre ,also known as air, was a style of music that was extremely popular in the 16th hundreds. Air was a genre that had a solo singer with a lute to accompnay it. Famous composer was John Dowland and Thomas Campion
Madrigal is a secular composition for two or more voices, usually it is just singing and no instrument. It was introduced in Italy; the English then took it up. Thomas Tomkins and John Wilby were famous composers of Madrigal "Mary Stuart, The Queen of Scots, for Children." The Kids Window . N.p., n.d. Web. 17 May 2011. <http://www.thekidswindow.co.uk/News/Mary_Queen_of_Scots.htm>.
"Sir Francis Walsingham." nnbd. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 May 2011. <http://www.nndb.com/people/081/000103769/>. "Sir Walter Raleigh." Encyclopedia of World Biography. 2004. Encyclopedia.com. 17 May. 2011 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.
"Sir Walter Raleigh." Poetry Connection. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 May 2011. <http://www.poetryconnection.net/poets/Sir_Walter_Raleigh>.
"Sir Walter Raleigh." N.p., n.d. Web. 17 May 2011. <http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/Bios/WalterRaleigh(Sir).htm>. "Queen Elizabeth." N.p., n.d. Web. 17 May 2011. <adwazi.blogspot.com>.
"Queen Elizabeth I." Historic UK. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 May 2011. <http://www.historic-uk.com/HistoryUK/England-History/QueenElizabethI.htm>.
"World Famous People." N.p., n.d. Web. 17 May 2011. <http://world-famous-people.blogspot.com/2010/08/queen-elizabeth-i.html>. "Christopher Marlowe." N.p., n.d. Web. 17 May 2011. <http://hubpages.com/hub/Christopher-Marlowe>.
"Elizabethan Stage." N.p., n.d. Web. 17 May 2011. <http://framptonwiki541a.wikispaces.com/Group+One>.
"William Shakespeare." N.p., n.d. Web. 17 May 2011. <http://tudorhistory.org/people/shakespeare/>. "Spanish Armada." British Battles. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 May 2011. <http://www.britishbattles.com/spanish-war/spanish-armada.htm>.
"Spanish Armada Defeated." N.p., n.d. Web. 17 May 2011. <http://www.historycentral.com/TheColonies/ArmadaDefeated.html>. Conclusion:
English Renaissance was very important both for English and the New World.
There were new colonizations that led to creating America
England became a new world power
Literature was at its finest during this time