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Racial Achievement Gap

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Elisabeth Broome

on 11 September 2013

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Transcript of Racial Achievement Gap

Racial Achievement Gap
Ways to Narrow the Gap
Contributing Factors of the Racial Achievement Gap
Main factors: socioeconomic status, parental education, neighborhood, and quality of school
Less experienced teaching staff
High poverty schools
Teachers evaluating certain races' behavior and academic potential more negatively
Segregation of minority and high-performing (white) students
Educational Stereotypes
Statistics
A student of this race/ethnicity is more likely to score higher in math and science...
A student of this race/ethnicity will be more likely to dropout of school...
A student from this race/ethnicity is destined to succeed...
A student from this race/ethnicity values working over learning...
A student from this race/ethnicity is commonly associated with living in single parent households...
A student from this race/ethnicity is mostly from a middle class background and lives in the suburbs...
A student from this race/ethnicity values sports over school...
Family Life
Parents reading to children during infancy/toddler stage
Parental expectations about grades, homework, and free time
Parenting style: parents who pose questions rather than issue demands
School Discipline
School System
Equalize funding between middle class and poor schools
Lower class size
Hire qualified and competent teachers
Start services earlier
Standards based instruction
School focus on college preparation
De-tracking
Specifically what teachers can do
Higher teacher expectations
Mentors
Extra support in class and after school
Teaching for mastery
Teacher professional development
Curriculum choices focused on academics
Achievement gap is in place by the age of three.
White voters were 12% less likely to think it was "very important."
By age 17, the average black student is performing around the 20th percentile of whites.
Resources:
Kinsler, J. (2013). School discipline: A source or salve for the racial achievement gap? International Economic Review, 54(1), 355-383.

Williams, A. (2011). A call for change: Narrowing the achievement gap between white and minority students. Clearing House, 84(2), 65-71.

Hanushek, E. A., & Rivkin, S. G. (2009). Harming the best: How schools affect the black-white achievement gap. Journal Of Policy Analysis & Management, 28(3), 366-393.
Everett, B. G., Rogers, R. G., Hummer, R. A., & Krueger, P. M. (2011). Trends in educational attainment by race/ethnicity, nativity, and sex in the United States, 1989–2005. Ethnic & Racial Studies, 34(9), 1543-1566.

Logan, J. R., Minca, E., & Adar, S. (2012). The Geography of Inequality: Why Separate Means Unequal in American Public Schools. Sociology Of Education, 85(3), 287-301.

McGrady, P. B., & Reynolds, J. R. (2013). Racial Mismatch in the Classroom: Beyond Black-White Differences. Sociology Of Education, 86(1), 3-17.
Silicon Valley Education Foundation. (2010). Time to Act: Closing the Racial Achievement Gap. San Jose, CA.

Steiger, Kay. (2013, July 31). The Reality of Our Race-Based Achievement Gap. The American Prospect.

Yuen, Laura. (2013, March 20). Teachers facing achievement gap try cross-race connections. Minnesota Public Radio.

Vanneman, A., Hamilton, L., Baldwin Anderson, J., and Rahman, T. (2009). Achievement Gaps: How Black and White Students in Public Schools Perform in Mathematics and Reading on the National Assessment of Educational Progress, (NCES 2009-455). National Center for Education Statistics, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC., 5-39.
Noguera, P.A. (2008). Creating schools where race does not predict achievement: the role and significance of race in the racial achievement gap. Journal of Negro Education, 77, 90-103

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, FPG Child Development Institute. (2011). Explaining the black-white achievement gap in the context of family, neighborhood, and school. FPG Snapshot, 64, 1-2.

Hines, M.T. (2008). The interactive effects of race and teacher self efficacy on the achievement gap in school. International Electronic Journal for Leadership in Learning. 12, 1-11.
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