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From Colonies to Country
Transcript of From Colonies to Country
1492: Columbus rediscovers Americas
1754: French and Indian War
1606: Jamestown Founded
Where our Lesson Starts
Intersting: The French and Indian War started 262 years ago from this year!
1. What was life like for most colonists at this time?
What information does this map give us?
In which colonial region did most colonists live?
New York, New York
Remember: They're COLONIES, not a COUNTRY. These 3 cities had more contact with London, Engand (mother country) than with each other!
Why was England MOST LIKELY interested in being a part of the Triangle Trade?
It allowed them to sell manufactured goods back to the colonies in return for cheaper raw goods
How did the Triangle Trade most affect the American colonies in the south?
It brought them slaves to work their plantations
2. Why did the colonists want to separate from England?
The French and Indian War
Was England the only country that had colonies in North America in 1750?
No! Besides England, colonies were owned by France and Spain
Problem: At this time, England and France did NOT get along!
See the disputed land?
So, they went to war. It's confusing that it's called the French and Indian War.
It was the French and their Indian allies fighting against the British.
How did the maps change?
Based on this, who do you think won the war?
But what's this?
Proclamation Line of 1763: No colonists could settle west of that line.
For the first time, many colonists get angry at England
Imagine you get this letter from our school to take home:
Talk to your groups and answer these questions:
1. How would you feel about this letter? Why?
2. What would you do about it?
This is basically what happened to the colonists after the French and Indian War
England had borrowed money to fight the French and Indian War
To pay the money back, England decided to tax the colonists.
Tax: Money paid to support the government
England left British soldiers in the colonies to enforce law
Colonists were not going to allow England to tax them without a say in the matter!
Colonists began to protest
Protest: an event where people complain about an issue
Their slogan became "No Taxation Without Representation!"
What does that mean?
England should not tax the colonists when they had no say in the matter
Some colonists also smuggled in goods
Smuggle: to sneak imports in illegally so they could not be taxed
Colonists thought they should have their own members in Parliament (England's law making body)
Sons of Liberty
A group called the Sons of Liberty formed
Organized protests and sometimes set fire to homes of British officials
Samuel Adams was an important member
Some colonists held boycotts
Boycott: a group of people refusing to buy, sell, or use certain goods
Daughters of Liberty
Groups of women worked to make the goods England was taxing so the colonists could continue to boycott
Wove their own cloth and used it to make their own clothes
These actions worked
Almost all of the taxes were repealed except the one on tea
Repeal: to cancel a law
To colonists, that was not enough, and anger continued to grow
3. What were the first steps toward war?
1st Steps to War
colonists AGAINST British rule
colonists FOR British rule
a group of ordinary people who train for battle
Patriot militia with special training to be ready at a minute's notice
United Streaming: And Then What, Paul Revere-Segment "Conflicts with England"
Why were the British soldiers marching to Concord?
-To destroy the militias' supplies
Battle of Lexington
What did the British do when the Minutemen fled?
-They marched on to Concord
Battle of Concord
Why did Ralph Waldo Emerson call the Battle of Concord "the shot heard round the world?"
-It was an event that would affect the rest of the world
Why were the Battles of Lexington and Concord important?
-Marked the point when everyone knew war was coming
-Led to the 2nd Continental Congress
2nd Continental Congress
-group of men from the 13 colonies who met to prepare for war
Show "JA" video from flashdrive
Show "TJ" video from flashdrive
Show "GW" video from flashdrive
Show "6 Figures of the Revolution" video on flashdrive
2nd Continental Congress
-Meeting of men to plan for war
-Accomplished 3 Main Things:
1. Formed an official army
-called the Continental Army
-named George Washington as its commander
2. Wrote and sent the Olive Branch Petition
-a letter asking King George III one last time for a peaceful ending.
-He ignored it and instead sent more soldiers to the colonies
3. Wrote the Declaration of Independence
The Declaration of Independence
-Written by a committee headed by Thomas Jefferson
-John Adams and Ben Franklin were also on the committee
5 Major Sections
1. Promises to explain why the colonies must break away from England
"...should declare the causes which impel them to the separation."
2. Explains that people have rights that cannot be taken away.
"Among these are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness."
3. List of complaints against the King.
"For imposing Taxes on us without our Consent."
4. Declares colonies independent (free) from England
"...these United Colonies are, and of Right ought to be Free and Independent States..."
5. All delegates sign their names