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Copy of Testicular Cancer UCF
Transcript of Copy of Testicular Cancer UCF
Who is affected?
What causes testicular cancer?
Types of TC
What to do if you find a lump
Is it curable?
Facts & figures
Testicles: What do they do?
Don't keep to yourself
Time to grab life by the balls
....and feel around a bit!
The Testicles are two small oval shaped organs (aka: balls or gonads) and are the male sex gland. Their main purpose is to produce sperm for reproduction.
They look like this -
We don't know what exactly causes testicular cancer. You may be at higher risk if you had an undescended or partially undescended testicle as a baby or have a family history of testicular cancer.
A family history of testicular cancer increases the risk. If a man has the disease there is a chance that his brothers or sons might get it.
Testicular Cancer is the most common cancer in young men between the ages of
15 - 35.
Lump or Swelling in either testicle
Sensation of dragging / heaviness in the scrotum
Dull ache in the lower abdomen or groin
An unusual collection of fluid in the scrotum
It's best to do a TSE during or right after a hot shower or bath.
Support the scrotum in the palm of your hand and become familiar with the size and weight of each testicle.
Place your thumbs over the top of your testicle, with the index and middle fingers of each hand behind the testicle, and then roll it between your fingers.
When examining each testicle, feel for any lumps or bumps along the front or sides. Lumps may be as small as a piece of rice or a pea.
If you notice any swelling, lumps, or changes in the size or color of a testicle, or if you have any pain, contact your doctor .
Not all lumps or swelling are cancer, however if you do notice any changes (particularly hardening or heaviness) then you should see your GP immediatley.
Stage 1 tumours -
these are completely contained in the testicle.
Stage 2 tumours -
cancer cells have spread to lymph nodes in pelvis or lower back.
Stage 3 tumours -
cancer cells are now present in lymph nodes in chest.
Stage 4 tumours -
these have spread into other organs, most commonly the lung.
YES! YES! YES
Testicular Cancer, when caught early is almost always curable.
That is why self examination is so important!!!
- these are slow growing and usually stay within the testicle. They are most common in men between 25 -55 years old.
- usually affect younger men between 15 - 35 years old, however they tend to be more agressive than seminomas.
Left untreated, both are deadly!
The treatment will depend on the exact type of testicular cancer and how advanced it is.
It is really succesfully curable!
It has the same ratio of
Testicular Cancer is one of the most treatable forms of Cancer - early diagnosis can mean a cure rate of 98%!!
The Death Rate for TC in Northern Ireland averages at 2 Men per year - however with early diagnosis this could be 0!
No. of Cases in N. Ireland 2005 - 2009
No. of Deaths in 2010
7 times Tour de France winner - even after losing a testicle to Cancer (only his saddle knows which one!!)
Pete Postlethwaite - Actor: Diagnosed with TC in 1990 and had testicle removed.
Jimmy White: 6 times world snooker finalist, he did win his toughest battle with TC.
Cancer Focus Northern Ireland: 028 9066 3281
Confidential Cancer Helpline:
0800 783 3339
Go to the doctor!
Remember that your testicles are not the first ones they've seen! Maybe not even the first that day!