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Physical Geography of Medieval Europe

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by

Brian Ames

on 6 January 2017

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Transcript of Physical Geography of Medieval Europe

Physical Geography of Medieval Europe
Landforms & Waterways
Southern Europe
Europe is a small continent
It has many different landforms, waterways, and climates
Europe is part of Eurasia
Eurasia:
the large landmass that includes both Europe and Asia
Europes' topography varies widely
Topography:
the shape and elevation of land in a region
Covered with mountain ranges
Some peaks in the Alps reach higher than 15,000 feet
Northern Europe
Land is much flatter
Most of northern Europe is part of the
Northern European Plain
Northern European Plain
The plain had rich, fertile soil
It also was the location of most of the major rivers
Scandinavia
Has many rugged hills and mountains
Climate & Vegetation
Southern Europe
Largely warm and sunny
Vegetation that doesn't need a lot of water is common
Northwestern Europe
Has a milder and cooler, wetter climate
Scandinavia
Very cold throughout the year
Few plants can survive the region's cold climates
Geography Shapes Life
Southern Europe
Geography influences where and how people live
Most people lived on coastal plains or in river valleys
Needed land flat enough to farm
Grew crops like grapes and olives
Southern Europe
In the mountains raise sheep and goats
Southern Europe
Southern Europe has many peninsulas
Most people live close to the sea, so they became traders and seafarers
Northern Europe
Most people lived far from the sea
Many rivers
Easy method of transportation
Towns grew along them
Rivers also provided protection
Northern Europe
The fields around rivers made excellent farmland
The flat land also made an easy route for invaders
No mountains blocked people's access to northern Europe
The region was frequently invaded
For example:
Paris, France was built on an island in a river to make the city hard for invaders to reach
Full transcript