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Banks' five dimensions of Multicultural education

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Nithya Doraiswamy

on 9 July 2013

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Transcript of Banks' five dimensions of Multicultural education

Multicultural Education
Content integration
Deals with the extent to which teachers use examples and content from a variety of cultures and groups to illustrate key concepts, generalizations, and issues within their subject areas or disciplines.
Knowledge construction
Describes how teachers help students to understand, investigate, and determine how the biases, frames of reference, and perspectives within a discipline influence the ways in which knowledge is constructed within it
Prejudice reduction
Describes lessons and activities used by teachers to help students to develop positive attitudes toward different racial, ethnic, and cultural groups.
Equity pedagogy
Exists when teachers modify their teaching in ways that will facilitate the academic achievement of students from diverse racial, cultural, and social-class groups
n empowering school culture and social structure
It is created when the culture and organization of the school are transformed in ways that enable students from diverse racial, ethnic, and gender groups to experience equality and equal status.
Multicultural education is an idea, an educational reform movement, and a process (Banks, 1997).
As a process:
Its goals are ideals that teachers and administrators should constantly strive to achieve.
As an idea:
Seeks to create equal educational opportunities for all students, including those from different racial, ethnic, and social-class groups.
As a movement:
Tries to create equal educational opportunities for all students by changing the total school environment so that it will reflect the diverse cultures and groups within a society and within the nation's classrooms.
Adapted from Banks, J.A., & Banks, C.A,. (1997). Multicultural Education Issues and Perspectives. 3rd ed. Needham Heights, MA: Allyn and Bacon.
Banks, J.A., & Banks, C.A.M. (Eds). (1995). Handbook of research on multicultural education. New York: Macmillan
Multicultural education :
"Multicultural education is a field of study and an emerging discipline whose major aim is to create equal educational opportunities for students from diverse racial, ethnic, social-class, and cultural groups". ( Banks & Banks, 1995. p.xi)
"One of its important goals is help all students to acquire the knowledge, attitudes, and skills needed to function effectively in a pluralistic democratic society and to interact, negotiate, and communicate with peoples from diverse groups in order to create a civic and moral community that works for the common good" (Banks & Banks, 1995. p. xi).
Banks' dimensions of Multicultural education
Content Integration
Knowledge Construction
Equity pedagogy
Prejudice reduction
Empowering school culture and social structure
Banks' five dimensions of Multicultural education
Adapted from Banks & Banks, 1995. p. xii
Iinterrogates, challenges, and reinterprets content, concepts, and paradigms from the established disciplines.
Multicultural education applies content from these fields and disciplines to pedagogy and curriculum development in educational settings.
draws content, concepts, paradigms, and theories from specialized interdisciplinary fields such as ethnic studies and women studies (and from history and the social and behavioral sciences),
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