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Transcript of Commonwealth
Indian Ocean Rim Association for Regional Cooperation Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
Commonwealth Bank of Australia
It is Australia’s leading provider of integrated financial services
With branches in Hong Kong, Indonesia, Japan, Singapore and Vietnam, the Bank offers a range of financial services
Commonwealth Bank, New Zealand has its own New Zealand banking licence and operates as a full branch of the Commonwealth Bank of Australia.
The Bank has a long history in Europe building partnerships to provide specialist investment, advisory and financial services to clients
Provides North American companies with business connections in Australia and New Zealand
Commonwealth Bank of Australia. (s.f.). Commonwealth Bank. Recovered March 25, 2015, of https://www.commbank.com.au/
Commonwealth Bank of Australia. (s.f.). International Branches. Recovered March 25, 2015, de https://www.commbank.com.au/about-us/our-company/international-branches.html
The Commonwealth. (s.f.). The Commonwealth. Recovered March 25, 2015, of http://thecommonwealth.org/our-work
The Commonwealth. (s.f.). The Commonwealth. Recovered March 25, 2015, of Australia: http://thecommonwealth.org/our-member-countries/australia
The Commonwealth. (s.f.). The Commonwealth. Recovered March 25, 2015, of Member Countries: http://thecommonwealth.org/member-countries
The Commonwealth. (s.f.). The Commonwealth. Recovered April7, 2015, of Australia, constitutions and politics: http://thecommonwealth.org/our-member-countries/australia/constitution-politics
Population: 23,050,000 (2012)
Official language: English
Currency: Australian dollar (A$)
Pacific Islands Forum
Australia is a member of:
¡ 1931 !
Australia --> member of
Commonwealth not to legislate in respect of religion
-Not make any law for establishing any religion
-Not imposing any religious observance
-Not prohibiting the free exercise of any religion
-No religious test shall be required as a qualification for any office or public trust
Proceedings against Commonwealth or State
The Parliament may make laws conferring rights to proceed against the Commonwealth.
Respect to judicial power.
Trade within the Commonwealth to be free
The trade and intercourse among the States, whether by means of internal carriage or ocean navigation, shall be absolutely free.
Commonwealth not to give preference
States may not raise forces
A State shall not, without the consent of the Parliament of the Commonwealth, raise or maintain any naval or military force.
Custody of offenders against laws of the Commonwealth
Every State shall make provision for the detention in its prisons of persons accused.
-The Parliament of the Commonwealth may make laws to give effect to this provision.
COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA CONSTITUTION ACT
WHAT IS THE COMMONWEALTH
Is a voluntary association of sovereign states, nearly all of them are former British territories.
*There are huge differences between the member states regarding wealth,
The main characteristic is its diversity:
-The countries are independent and make their own political and economic decisions.
The Commonwealth shall not, give preference to one State or any part thereof over another State or any part thereof.
- Dividend yield
-Solid divide and momentum
- Low interest rates and bad debt charges
- The bank is well overpriced
- R. Newman, «The pros and cons for Commonwealth Bank of Australia shares,» 8 July 2014. [On line]. Available: http://www.fool.com.au/2014/07/08/the-pros-and-cons-for-commonwealth-bank-of-australia-shares/. [Último acceso: 04 April 2015].
- Landeskunde Special, «The Commonwealth,» 2006. [On line]. Available: http://www.lmg.pf.bw.schule.de/faecher/englisch/landeskunde/page0/page0.html. [Último acceso: 04 April 2015].
- Commonwealth of Australia, «Commonwealth of Australia Consolidated Acts,» 30 March 2015. [On line]. Available: http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/legis/cth/consol_act/. [Último acceso: 04 April 2015].
Legislative power of the Commonwealth of Australia is vested in the Parliament of the Commonwealth
The House of Representatives (the lower house)
Consist in the monarch
(the upper house)
76 senators, 12 from each of the six states, and two from each of the two territories
150 members directly elected
There is compulsory universal suffrage for all Australians over the age of 18
Each of the states also has its own government, with a Governor representing the Queen
Power in a monarchy is concentrated in only one person, for this reason can be unfair to citizens
Commonwealth bank may have interests that are not beneficial for the countries to which it provides banking services
Principle of the Commonwealth
..We believe in the liberty of the individual, in equal rights for all citizens regardless of race, colour, creed or political belief...
Christians are persecuted religious group. Oppressed minority in many countries, much of the land in which Christians live for centuries.
-Commonwealth not to legislate in respect of religion.
The Green Party, with anti religious and atheistic tendency "
There is an attempt to diminish the rights of religious groups, particularly Christians
-Elimination Of abortion as a crime
- Support Gay Marriage
-Legalización Addictive recreational drug
They say (catholics), "that these offensive laws
could be passed in an Australian parliament, denying
individuals the fundamental freedom of belief,
conscience and religion.
*All Australians are free to practice the religion of their choice.
*In addition Australians are free to not practice any religion.
*Religious intolerance is unacceptable in Australian society.
*Australia has a secular government and has no official or state religion.
*Governments try to all citizens equally regardless of religion.
Principle of the Commonwealth
The Commonwealth recognise the importance of the protection and conservation of natural ecosystems.
addressing the adaptation and mitigation challenges of climate change and facilitating the development
Multilateral cooperation, sustained commitment and collective action.
Australia take care the environment by establishing protected area and using natural resources
The commonwealth - Charter
Brings together the values and aspirations which unite the Commonwealth.
Expresses the commitment of member states to the development of free and democratic societies
Promote the peace and prosperity to improve the lives of all peoples of the Commonwealth.
The Charter also recognize the role of civil society in supporting the goals and values of the Commonwealth.f
2. Human rights
3. International peace and security
4. Tolerance, respect and understanding
5. Freedom of Expression
6. Separation of Powers
7. Rule of Law
8. Good Governance
9. Sustainable Development
10. Protecting the Environment
11. Access to Health, Education, Food and Shelter
12. Gender Equality
13. Importance of Young People in the Commonwealth
14. Recognition of the Needs of Small States
15. Recognition of the Needs of Vulnerable States
16. The Role of Civil Society
values and principles
of the Commonwealth
-Environment of Australia. Recuperado el 5 de Abril de 2015, de http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Environment_of_Australia
Agriculture and mining are the predominate land uses which affect the Australian environment
The mining usually destroy all the vegetation, disturb drastically the landscape and all the ecosystem.
Protected areas cover 895,288 km² of Australia's land area:
bauxite mining in the jarrah forest
Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves
two-thirds are considered strictly protected
managed resources protected area
There are also 200 marine protected areas
Great Barrier Reef
In 1963 Alcoa World Alumina Australia began to extract bauxite from the Jarrah Forest
In 1996 began the rehabilitation activities
establishment of monoculture of Pine