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AP Human Geo

Marielle Goebelbecker

on 4 January 2013

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Transcript of Wicca

Beliefs [Cont.] Central Beliefs The Basis Organization Categories of Wiccans Traditional- different and separate localized forms of Wicca which have brought in outsiders, some of whom brought this version of Wicca to other countries far from the original source (relocation diffusion) Diffusion -Originated and is still practiced in what is now known as Great Britain By Brittany and Marielle Wicca History, Leaders and Sects -Pagan oriented natural worship system The Wiccan Rede illustrates the main rule for behavior -Based upon the reconstruction of pre-Christian traditions originating in Ireland, Scotland, and Wales and what is now known as Great Britain -Largest of the Neopagan religions It's core maxim is "if you harm none, do what you will", meaning they can do whatever they want as long as they do not harm themselves or others in the process Harm: any attempt to control, manipulate, emotionally harm, dominate or hurt another person or a group of people in any way Three Fold Law is the pagan form of Karma Gender Equality: Wiccans recognize heterosexual, homosexual and bisexual in their belief system Respect for nature: Wiccans believe that they can heal both nature and themselves by becoming in tune with nature "Obey the Three-Fold Law you should, three times bad and three times good" Fertility Goddess represents the feminine aspect of life Practice magick (spelled with a ‘k’ to differentiate it from conjuring for entertainment) in an attempt to manipulate the natural world and alter mental and material conditions Many Wiccans develop their own beliefs, rituals, and other practices, while others form small groups of believers called covens or groves. Hereditary- Specific Wiccan ideas passed down through bloodline and marriage (hierarchical diffusion) Greencraft- from the Wiccan beliefs in the New Forest Area of the South of England but has been combined due to contact with other traditions (contagious diffusion) Eclectic- American variants of Wicca, they reformed the traditions after they were "brought into the Craft" It is a traditional religion since there are many variations of Wicca and it has no central authority. Her consort is a horned God, representing the male aspects of life Adherents -It is estimated that about 1 million people practice Wicca worldwide, although official numbers are not known because there is no central way of counting adherents and some people are scared to admit that they are Wiccans. Religious Identifiers -An interesting thing about Wiccans is how seamlessly they blend into society Causes of Diffusion Online Church and School of Wicca, founded by Gavin and Yvonne Frost in 1968 Published literature, books, technology, interest in Harry Potter and other supernatural movies -In 1960, a woman named Patricia Crowther was initiated into Gardnerian Wicca and soon became one of its early female leaders -Also in the 1960s, Alex Sanders was initiated and founded a second sect called Alexandrian Wicca -In 1967, Ray Buckland brought Gardnerian Wicca to the U.S. he eventually founded his own Wicca tradition, called Saxon Wicca Millions -In 1979 Vivianne Crowley, who had been initiated into both sects of Wicca, founded a coven in England that initiates followers simultaneously in Gardnerian and Alexandrian Wicca Important Events in History -It is growing the most in the USA -Core area of Wicca is still in Great Britain -The 1692 Salem Witch trials in Salem, Massachusetts was one instance of persecution that led to stereotypes and hatred of Wiccans for centuries to come, definitely hindered the spreading and practice of the religion -Although the central ideas of Wicca come from ancient practices, the Wiccan religion of today was founded in the 1940s in the UK by Freemason Gerald Brosseau Gardner--started the Gardnerian sect -From the 1950's to the 1970's, Wicca grew in popularity due to British media's widespread coverage of Gardner, Sanders and other leaders Works Cited Herne. "What Is Wicca." The Celtic Connection. The Celtic Connection, 1997. Web. 17 Dec. 2012. Slick, Matthew J. "History and Origins of Wicca." CARM. Christian Apologetics & Research Ministry, 2012. Web. 17 Dec. 2012. Hanegraaff, Hank. "Wicca Religion." AllAboutReligion.org. Christian Research Institute, 2012. Web. 19 Dec. 2012. "Wiccan Beliefs." Wiccan Beliefs. Beverlee Jill Carroll, 2010. Web. 20 Dec. 2012. "History, Development, and Philosophy of Traditional Craft Wicca (TCW)." Sacred Well Congregation. Taniquetil & Arghuicha, 2001. Web. 17 Dec. 2012. Goldman, Russell. "Real Witches Practice Samhain: Wicca on the Rise in U.S." ABC News. ABC News Network, 30 Oct. 2009. Web. 19 Dec. 2012. "Paganism." Paganism. ABC News Network, 2011. Web. 20 Dec. 2012. "Wiccan Three-Fold Law." Wiccan Three-Fold Law * Wicca-Spirituality.com. Wicca Spirituality, 2006. Web. 17 Dec. 2012. -The founding of Wicca as we know it today by Gardner in the 1950s -One can become a Wiccan by joining a coven. Covens will usually have initiation ceremonies for new members. -The religion is currently increasing in numbers of followers, due in part to the popularity of supernatural media (such as Twilight and Harry Potter) -Wiccans dress normally, hold everyday jobs, and don't try to distinguish themselves, likely because of continued stereotypes and prejudices -Wiccans worship everywhere--the Earth itself is their sacred space. They usually meet and form circles to concentrate energies Especially spiritual places include:
-Open fields under a full moon
-Quiet groves
-Oceans, lakes and streams
-The space around a great old tree
-Community halls
-The living room of a fellow Wiccan The Pentacle is the main
symbol of Wicca Holidays and Rituals -Wiccans generally celebrate 8 annual festivals known as Sabats -The festivals are based on the agricultural year and celebrate changes in each season--many of the festivals take place on the solstices and equinoxes -Other festivals coincide with well-known holidays. On Christmas, Wiccans celebrate a holiday called Yule. This shows how many of today's widespread holidays have Pagan origins, or were placed on days that were already significant in Paganism "Estimates for the U.S., Canada, Etc." How Many Wiccans Are There? N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Dec. 2012. "Halloween Shines Light on Witchcraft Today." National Geographic. National Geographic Society, n.d. Web. 21 Dec. 2012. "WICCA OVERVIEW." Wicca Overview. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Dec. 2012. "Wicca Places of Worship * Wicca-Spirituality.com." Wicca Places of Worship * Wicca-Spirituality.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Dec. 2012. Common Misconceptions Wiccans do not travel on broomsticks, employ flying monkeys, or melt with water They do not believe in Satan or practice voodoo Wiccans believe in healing with natural remedies and the "spells" they cast are used purely for good Video http://video.nationalgeographic.com/video/places/culture-places/beliefs-and-traditions/uk_wicca/
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