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To Kill A Mockingbird-Testify

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Lauren Maloney

on 13 January 2014

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Transcript of To Kill A Mockingbird-Testify

For Tom Robinson
Against Tom Robinson
Neutral to Tom Robinson
What do we learn from watching the watchers?
In conclusion...
The Outcome of the Trial
Justify Harper Lee's decision to provide this judgement for Tom's case.

Why do you think that Lee chose to structure the story so Tom could not be retried?
Tom was innocent
The jury became suspicious of Mr Ewell based on the clues from Atticus
Believing in Tom's innocence
Tom was innocent yet he lost his life
Tom's death was a tragedy
A white jury's opinion
Could a black man be seen as innocent?
The coloured man is guilty

The white man is innocent

The TRUTH of the times
The Jury
The Ewells

Horace Gilmer
The Lynch Mob
Who composed the Jury?
Does this affect the outcome?
"White Trash"
Lead Prosecutor
How can the Ewell's be viewed higher than the coloured?
Against Atticus
Treats Tom Robinson disrespectfully
Representative of the Ewell's
Atticus Finch
Judge Taylor
Heck Tate
Miss Maudie
Link Deas
Mr. Underwood
How that Reflects?
Tom Robinson
Fighting for Tom
All races are equal
Does the right thing
Personal case
Strong advocate for the black community
-knows he is innocent, but understands there is nothing he can say to save his life
Assigns Atticus to defend Tom
"Did it ever occur to you that Judge Taylor naming Atticus to defend that boy was no accident? That Judge Taylor might have had his reasons for naming him?"
Wanted justice
Who were they?
What were they doing?
The Black
3 Men & Walter Cunningham
Supports Atticus and Tom
Agrees that what happened was wrong
"His colored friends for one thing, and people like us. People like Judge Taylor. People like Heck Tate."
Tom's employer
"I just want the whole lot of you to know one thing right now. That boy's worked for me eight years an' I ain't had a speck of trouble outa him. Not a speck."
Vouching for Tom's character
Owner, editor and printer of the towns newpaper
Covers Atticus the night at the jail
Compares Tom's death to " the senseless killing of songbirds."
What is their role in society, what could Harper Lee be trying to point out?
What is their role in society, what could Harper Lee be trying to point out?
What is their role in society, what could Harper Lee be trying to point out?
Their role in society...
Higher class
Taught the proper values
Understands the situation
Upset about trial
Knows there is nothing that could be done
Taught proper values
Understands the situation
Emotionally invested
Trial seriously affects him
Knows that Tom is innocent
Has his own opinions on the case
Trial upsets him
Their role in society...
Seemingly unimportant veiws
They see the fair and right thing to do
Still innocent and un-influenced
Town's sheriff
Worried for Tom's safety
Friend and supporter of Atticus
Their role in society...
All of the same class - lower class
Lee is trying to point out that...
They are more willing to look past race
They see the ways of Bob Ewell
Lee is trying to point out that...
Lee is trying to point out that...
Friends will support friends
Stick together
Tom's friends and family
Understands what Tom's going through
All been victimized

-Mayella is the lonely girl
-shows isolation even in a small community
-shows the cruelty that can occur between relatives

-misunderstood black man
-unwealthy, lowest in the class
-judged because he is a negro
-shows the cruelty of certain white people at the time
-supports Atticus in his fight for Tom Robinson(since she is related)
-prejudiced against negroes
-distraught when told told Tom's death
0=negative action+positive action
neutral=racist nature+genuine support for Atticus

-from the most respected family in Maycomb
-people hide their true selves in fear of being judged>she acts racist towards the black population, but still grows weary when told Tom Robinson had been shot.
-doesn't know how to feel towards the situation
-can only act based on his father's actions
-poor, under-nourished boy
-innocent boy that can still be corrupted by racism around him

Mayella Ewell
-isn't 100% for Tom Robinson> Bob Ewell may be pressuring her into proceeding with the trial

-isn't against Tom Robinson> she wanted to seduce him and engage in a sexual relationship with him
What does Lee try to point out about these characters?
-characters who are neutral are either:

Connected to Tom Robinson in a way that is not closer than others' interactions, but not close enough to get to know him, creating a large sentimental value in the interaction
(ie. Mayella [through Tom helping her], Alexandra [through Atticus] and Tom himself [through himself])
Are confused as to what or how to think about the situation
(ie. Walter Cunningham Jr.)
They were out to kill Tom Robinson
In the beginning
Bob Ewell comes to the stand
Tom Robinson comes to the stand
Hearing information becomes real
Coloured watchers=angry grumble
Spectators want to see every bit of trial
Need of information
Certain white people defend Tom
Tom's statements
Tom's statements
(What do we learn from watching the watchers?)
The spectators:
Greedy for information
Full transcript