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Keys to Writing Success:

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by

Michelle Sanders

on 26 February 2015

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Transcript of Keys to Writing Success:

What is a fragment?
It is a group of words that lacks a subject or a verb or a group of words
that does not express a complete thought.
Editing: How to Check for Sentence Fragments
1) Read your paper aloud from the LAST sentence to the FIRST one.

2) If you suspect a fragment, ask yourself, Does this "sentence" contain a subject and a verb and express a complete thought?

3) Be on the look out for these possible clue words at the beginning of your sentences.

Dependent words, -ing words,
infinitive phrases (to),
added-detail words
1) Dependent Word Fragments
A group of words beginning with a subordinating conjunction (dependent word list p. 447-448) creates a fragment even though most of these clauses have a subject and a verb.
2) -ing or "to" fragments
If a -ing word or the word "to" begins the group of words, a fragment may result.
3) Added-Detail Fragments
These fragments often lack a subject and a verb, and they usually begin with one of these words:
4) Missing Subject Fragments
Sometimes a phrase (or group of words) is missing a subject (or a verb).
A Key to Writing Success:
Avoid Fragments

Thank you!
We will examine four common types of fragments.

Whenever
I go to school.

I won't leave the house.
Until
I hear from you.
How to Correct Dependent-Word Fragments
These fragments often can be corrected by joining the fragment to the sentence before or after it.
I won't leave the house.
Until
I hear from you.

I won't leave the house
until
I hear from you.

After
I cashed my paycheck. I treated myself to dinner.

After
I cashed my paycheck, I treated myself to dinner.
Ellen walked all over the neighborhood yesterday.
Trying
to find her dog Bo.

At the Chinese restaurant, Tim used chopsticks.
To
impress his date.
Fixing These Fragments:
Like the dependent fragments, these fragments can be fixed usually by combining them with the sentence before or after them.
Ellen walked all over the neighborhood yesterday
trying
to find her dog Bo.
At the Chinese restaurant, Time used chopsticks
to
impress his date.
also especially except for example
like including such as
Before a race, I eat starchy foods.
Such

as
bread and spaghetti.

Bob is taking a night course in auto mechanics.
Also
, one in plumbing.
There are a few options to fix this type of fragment:


1) Attach it the complete thought preceding it.

Before a race, I eat starchy foods
such as
bread and spaghetti.

2) Add a
subject and verb
to the fragment to make a complete sentence.

Bob is taking a night course in auto mechanics.
Also
,
he is
taking one in plumbing.
Alicia loved getting wedding presents.
But
hated writing thank-you notes.


Mickey has orange soda and potato chips for breakfast.
Then
eats more junk food, like root beer and cookies, for lunch.
Again, there are a few possible ways to fix these fragments:
Alicia loved getting wedding presents
but
hated writing thank-you notes.


Mickey has orange soda and potato chips for breakfast.
Then
he
eats more junk food, like root beer and cookies, for lunch.
Full transcript